Debating Diversity: Clashing Perspectives on Race and Ethnicity in America

Paperback | June 15, 2002

EditorRONALD TAKAKI

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In the nineteenth century Herman Melville wrote, "America was settled by peoples of all nations....You cannot spill a drop of American blood without spilling the blood of the whole world. We are not a narrow tribe." At the beginning of the twenty-first century, America is more ethnicallydiverse than ever before. Will we fear this expanding diversity as the disuniting of America, or will we embrace a more inclusive re-definition of our national identity? As the nation's preeminent scholar of multicultural studies, Ronald Takaki invites us to address this question by "debating diversity." The overarching theme of his new anthology is the clash of perspectives over the master narrative of American history--the powerful but mistaken story that thiscountry was settled by European immigrants and that Americans are white. The collection opens with the lively intellectual exchange between Nathan Glazer and Ronald Takaki on ethnicity versus race; it then turns to the contrasting interpretations of the frontier by Frederick Jackson Turner and Takaki. Other debates include: Samuel P. Huntington and Elizabeth Martinezon the diversity of civilizations; Irving Kristol and William Julius Wilson on inner-city blacks; Robert J. Samuelson and Gregory Defreitas on Mexican immigration; Governor Pete Wilson and Chancellor Chang-lin Tien on affirmative action; and James Q. Wilson and Elliott Currie on crime andpunishment. The anthology closes with a debate between Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., and Takaki on whether we as Americans should pursue a vision of our society as a melting pot or as a multicultural democracy. Embedded in all of the essays is the question: "Originating from different shores, can webecome one people of the United States of America?" An ideal text for diversity courses in Ethnic Studies, Political Science, American Studies, History, Sociology, Anthropology, and Education, Debating Diversity will stir students to think critically about who we have been and who we are asAmericans.

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In the nineteenth century Herman Melville wrote, "America was settled by peoples of all nations....You cannot spill a drop of American blood without spilling the blood of the whole world. We are not a narrow tribe." At the beginning of the twenty-first century, America is more ethnicallydiverse than ever before. Will we fear this expa...

Ronald Takaki is at University of California, Berkeley.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:272 pages, 6.42 × 9.21 × 0.51 inPublished:June 15, 2002Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195146514

ISBN - 13:9780195146516

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Table of Contents

The Twenty-first Century: We Will All Be MinoritiesI. Patterns: Ethnicity versus RaceNathan Glazer: The Emergence of an American Ethnic PatternRonald Takaki: Reflections on Racial Patterns in AmericaII. National Identity: The Master Narrative of American History and Its DiscontentsFrederick Jackson Turner: The Significance of the Frontier in American HistoryRonald Takaki: The Significance of the Frontier in Native American HistorySamuel P. Huntington: The Clash of Civilizations: In the World and the U.S.Elizabeth Martinez: Reinventing "America": Call for a New National IdentityIII. Class: Below the Deck of the PequodOscar and Mary F. Handlin: Origins of the Southern Labor SystemRonald Takaki: Why the Switch to Slavery: Fears of Rebellious White WorkersW.E.B. DuBois: The Paradoxical Tragedy of White and Black Laborers in the SouthHarvard Sitkoff: Organize Labor and Civil RightsTomas Almaguer: Racial Domination and Class Conflict in Capitalist Agriculture: The Oxnard Sugar Beet Workers' Strike of 1903Grace Chang: Immigrants and Workfare WorkersIV. Diversities Within: Gender and Other DifferencesSusan A. Glenn: A Bridge to College for Jewish Sons: Daughters in the SweatshopsLourdes Miranda King: Double Discrimination for Puerto Rican WomenBonnie Thorton Dill: Race, Class, and Gender: Prospects for an All-Inclusive SisterhoodAlice Y. Hom: Stories from the Homefront: Perspectives of Asian American Parents with Lesbian Daughters and Gay SonsCynthia L. Nakashima: Voices from the Movement: Approaches to MultiracialityV. Policies: Strategies and SolutionsIrving Kristol: The Negro Today Is Like the Immigrant YesterdayWilliam Julius Wilson: The Black Community: Race and ClassRobert J. Samuelson: The Limits of ImmigrationGregory Defreitas: Fear of Foreigners: Immigrants as Scapegoats for Domestic WoesJames Q. Wilson: What to Do About CrimeElliott Currie: What to Do and Not To Do About CrimePete Wilson: Ending Affirmative ActionChang-Lin Tien: Defending Affirmative ActionNathan Glazer: American Blacks, It Turned Out, Are Not Like the Immigrants of YesterdayVI. Prospects: E Pluribus Unum?Arthur Schlesinger, Jr.: The Return to the Melting PotRonald Takaki: A Different Mirror: Multicultural Ties That Bind America