Defining the Struggle: National Organizing for Racial Justice, 1880-1915

Paperback | June 15, 2015

bySusan D. Carle

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Since its founding in 1910 - the same year as another national organization devoted to the economic and social welfare aspects of race advancement, the National Urban League - the NAACP has been viewed as the vanguard national civil rights organization in American history. But these twoflagship institutions were not the first important national organizations devoted to advancing the cause of racial justice. Instead, it was even earlier groups - including the National Afro American League, the National Afro American Council, the National Association of Colored Women, and theNiagara Movement - that developed and transmitted to the NAACP and National Urban League foundational ideas about law and lawyering that these latter organizations would then pursue. With unparalleled scholarly depth, Defining the Struggle explores these forerunner organizations whose contributions in shaping early twentieth century national civil rights organizing have largely been forgotten today. It examines the motivations of their leaders, the initiatives they undertook,and the ideas about law and racial justice activism they developed and passed on to future generations. In so doing, it sheds new light on how these early origins helped set the path for twentieth century legal civil rights activism in the United States.

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Since its founding in 1910 - the same year as another national organization devoted to the economic and social welfare aspects of race advancement, the National Urban League - the NAACP has been viewed as the vanguard national civil rights organization in American history. But these twoflagship institutions were not the first important...

Susan Carle teaches legal ethics, anti-discrimination law, labor and employment law, and torts at American University Washington College of Law. She writes primarily about the history of social change lawyering, anti-discrimination law, and topics at the intersections between civil rights, employment, and labor law. In the past she ha...

other books by Susan D. Carle

Format:PaperbackDimensions:424 pages, 9.21 × 6.1 × 1.18 inPublished:June 15, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0190235241

ISBN - 13:9780190235246

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Table of Contents

Introduction1. A New Generation of Post-Reconstruction Leaders2. The Legal and Political Vision of T. Thomas Fortune, Founder of the National Afro American League, 1880-18903. The National Afro American League's Founding and Law-Related Work, 1887-18954. The Dispute between the "Radicals" and the "Accommodationists" within the Afro American Council: Reverdy Ransom and Booker T. Washington's Contrasting Visions of Racial Justice, 1895-19025. The Afro American Council's Internal History, 1898-19086. "Should Not a Nation Be Just to All of Her Citizens?": The Afro American Council's Legal Work, 1898-19087. "Unity in Diversity": The National Association of Colored Women's Dual Social Welfare and Civil Rights Agenda, 1895-19108. Asserting "Manhood" Rights: The Niagara Movement's First Year, 19059. The Beginnings of Twentieth Century Protest in the Niagara Movement's Experience, 1906-190910. Atlanta and New York City; Founding the National Urban League11. Founding the NAACP: Building the Organization, 1908-191512. Building the NAACP's Legal Agenda, 1910-1915ConclusionAcknowledgementsNotesBibliographyIndex

Editorial Reviews

"Graduate students and scholars will find Susan Carle's Defining the Struggle informative, as it pushes the boundaries of the early legal history of racial justice advocacy and modern civil rights activism back into the late nineteenth century. Readers and researchers will appreciate theextensive endnotes and bibliography of primary sources and secondary literature." --Charles L. Lumpkins, Pennsylvania State University, North Carolina Historical Review