Democracy and Expertise: Reorienting Policy Inquiry

Paperback | April 15, 2009

byFrank Fischer

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This book explores the role of policy expertise in a democratic society. From the perspectives of political science and policy theory, the chapters examine the implications of deliberative democratic governance for professional expertise and extends them to specific policy practices.Following the earlier lead of John Dewey, the discussion focuses in particular on the ways professional practices might be reoriented to assist citizens in understanding and discussing the complex policy issues of an advanced technological society. In doing so, it also explores how publicdeliberation can be improved through more cooperative forms of policy inquiry. Adopting a deliberative-analytic approach to policy inquiry, grounded in a postempiricist, constructivist understanding of inquiry and knowledge and the participatory practices that support such an approach, the chapters draw on thriving theoretical and practical work dedicated to revitalizing thecitizen's role in both civil society and newer practices of democratic governance-in particular deliberative democracy, practical work with deliberative experiments, the theory and practices of democratic governance, and participatory research. Deliberative practices are promoted here as a newcomponent part of policy-related disciplines required for participatory governance. Calling for a specialization of "policy epistemics" to advance such practices, the second half of the book takes up issues related to deliberative empowerment, including the relation of technical and socialknowledge, the interpretive dimensions of social meaning and multiple realities, the role of narrative knowledge and storylines, policy inquiry, social learning, tacit knowledge, the design of discursive spaces, and the place of emotional expression in public deliberation.

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This book explores the role of policy expertise in a democratic society. From the perspectives of political science and policy theory, the chapters examine the implications of deliberative democratic governance for professional expertise and extends them to specific policy practices.Following the earlier lead of John Dewey, the discus...

Professor Fischer teaches Political Science at Rutgers University and is a member of the University's E. J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy. He also teaches environmental policy and policy analysis at the Center for Global Change and Governance at Rutgers and is a senior faculty research fellow in the program in global ...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:304 pagesPublished:April 15, 2009Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199565244

ISBN - 13:9780199565245

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Table of Contents

Part I Policy Expertise and Citizen Participation in the Public Realm1. Between Technical Knowledge and Public Responsibility: Professional Expertise in Critical Perspective2. Citizen Deliberation and Participatory Governance: Problems of Knowledge and Policy Complexity3. Citizens and Experts in Deliberative Democracy: From Theory to ExperimentationPart II Situating the Technical in the Social: Implications for Policy Deliberation4. The Deliberative-Analytic Policy Inquiry: Postempiricist Practice5. Technical Knowledge in Public Deliberation: Toward a Constructivist Theory of Contributory Expertise6. Public Policy as Social Construct: Multiple Meanings in Sustainable DevelopmentPart III Policy Epistemics for Deliberative Empowerment: Storylines, Learning, and Passionate Reason7. Policy Advise as Storyline: Narrative Knowledge and Expert Practices8. Transformative Learning Through Deliberation: Social Assumptions and the Tacit Dimension9. Deliberative Empowerment: The Cultural Politics of Discursive Space10. Passionate Participants: Rethinking Emotion in Public DeliberationAfterword