Democracy, Islam, and Secularism in Turkey by Ahmet KuruDemocracy, Islam, and Secularism in Turkey by Ahmet Kuru

Democracy, Islam, and Secularism in Turkey

EditorAhmet Kuru, Alfred Stepan

Paperback | February 21, 2012

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While Turkey has grown as a world power, promoting the image of a progressive and stable nation, several choices in policy have strained its relationship with the East and the West. Providing historical, social, and religious context for this behavior, the essays in Democracy, Islam, and Secularism in Turkey examine issues relevant to Turkish debates and global concerns, from the state's position on religion to its involvement with the European Union.

Written by experts in a range of disciplines, the chapters explore the toleration of diversity during the Ottoman Empire's classical period; the erosion of ethno-religious heterogeneity in modern, pre-democratic times; Kemalism and its role in modernization and nation building; the changing political strategies of the military; and the effect of possible EU membership on domestic reforms. The essays also offer a cross-Continental comparison of "multiple secularisms," as well as political parties, considering especially Turkey's Justice and Development Party in relation to Europe's Christian Democratic parties. Contributors tackle critical research questions, such as the legacy of the Ottoman Empire's ethno-religious plurality and the way in which Turkey's assertive secularism can be softened to allow greater space for religious actors. They address the military's "guardian" role in Turkey's secularism, the implications of recent constitutional amendments for democratization, and the consequences and benefits of Islamic activism's presence within a democratic system. No other collection confronts Turkey's contemporary evolution so vividly and thoroughly or offers such expert analysis of its crucial social and political systems.

Contributors: Karen Barkey (Columbia University) ? Ümit Cizre (Istanbul Sehir University) ? M. Sükrü Hanioglu (Princeton University) ? Stathis N. Kalyvas (Yale University) ? Ahmet T. Kuru (San Diego State University) ? Joost Lagendijk (Sabanc University) ? Ergun Özbudun (Bilkent University) ? Alfred Stepan (Columbia University)

Ahmet T. Kuru, a former postdoctoral scholar at Columbia University, is associate professor of political science at San Diego State University and chair of the Religion and Politics Section of the American Political Science Association. He is the author of Secularism and State Policies Toward Religion: The United States, France, and T...
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Title:Democracy, Islam, and Secularism in TurkeyFormat:PaperbackDimensions:224 pagesPublished:February 21, 2012Publisher:Columbia University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0231159331

ISBN - 13:9780231159333

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Table of Contents

Introduction, by Ahmet T. Kuru and Alfred Stepan1. Rethinking Ottoman Management of Diversity: What Can We Learn for Modern Turkey, by Karen Barkey2. The Historical Roots of Kemalism, by M. Sükrü Hanioglu3. Turkey-Plural Society and Monolithic State, by Ergun Özbudun4. Laïcité as an "Ideal Type" and a Continuum: Comparing Turkey, France, and Senegal, by Ahmet T. Kuru and Alfred Stepan5. A New Politics of Engagement: The Turkish Military, Society, and the AKP, by Ümit Cizre6. The Turkish Constitutional Court and Political Crisis, by Ergun Özbudun7. Turkey's Accession to the European Union and the Role of the Justice and Development Party, by Joost Lagendijk8. The "Turkish Model" in the Matrix of Political Catholicism, by Stathis N. KalyvasSelected BibliographyContributorsIndex

Editorial Reviews

This volume significantly contributes to a growing literature on Islam, democracy, and secularism in Turkey. Providing a historical background to the Turkish case from the Ottoman millet system to Kemalism and the later development of civil society, the book delivers a strong basis for the study of Turkish democratization.