Descartes and the First Cartesians by Roger Ariew

Descartes and the First Cartesians

byRoger Ariew

Hardcover | November 14, 2014

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Descartes and the First Cartesians adopts the perspective that we should not approach Rene Descartes as a solitary thinker, but as a philosopher who constructs a dialogue with his contemporaries, so as to engage them and elements of his society into his philosophical enterprise. Roger Ariewargues that an important aspect of this engagement concerns the endeavor to establish Cartesian philosophy in the Schools, that is, to replace Aristotle as the authority there. Descartes wrote the Principles of Philosophy as something of a rival to Scholastic textbooks, initially conceiving theproject as a comparison of his philosophy and that of the Scholastics. Still, what Descartes produced was inadequate for the task. The topics of Scholastic textbooks ranged more broadly than those of Descartes; they usually had quadripartite arrangements mirroring the structure of the collegiate curriculum, divided as they typically were into logic, ethics, physics, and metaphysics. But Descartes produced at best only whatcould be called a general metaphysics and a partial physics. These deficiencies in the Cartesian program and in its aspiration to replace Scholastic philosophy in the schools caused the Cartesians to rush in to fill the voids. The attempt to publish a Cartesian textbook that would mirror what wastaught in the schools began in the 1650s with Jacques Du Roure and culminated in the 1690s with Pierre-Sylvain Regis and Antoine Le Grand. Ariew's original account thus considers the reception of Descartes' work, and establishes the significance of his philosophical enterprise in relation to thetextbooks of the first Cartesians and in contrast with late Scholastic textbooks.

About The Author

Roger Ariew joined the Philosophy Department at the University of South Florida in 2004 after a postdoctoral position at the University of Chicago, and many years at Virginia Tech. His principal interests concern the relations between philosophy, science, and society in the early modern period. He is the author of Descartes and the Las...
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Title:Descartes and the First CartesiansFormat:HardcoverDimensions:256 pagesPublished:November 14, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199563519

ISBN - 13:9780199563517

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Table of Contents

AcknowledgmentsPrefaceI: Descartes and the Teaching of Philosophy in Seventeenth Century France1. Seventeenth Century Scholastic Philosophy: Thomism and Scotism2. Descartes and the Jesuits3. Descartes and the OratoriansII: Summa Philosophiae Quadripartita or the Construction of the Scholastic Textbook1. Logic in Late Scholastic Textbooks2. Ethics in Late Scholastic Textbooks3. Some Elements of Physics in Late Scholastic Textbooks4. Metaphysics in Late Scholastic TextbooksIII: The Tree of Philosophy: Descartes on Logic, Metaphysics, Physics, and Ethics1. Descartes' Logic2. Descartes' Metaphysics3. Some Elements of Descartes' Physics4. Descartes' Two EthicsIV: Systeme General de la Philosophie or the Construction of the Cartesian Textbook1. Cartesian Logic2. Cartesian Metaphysics and Natural Theology3. Some Elements of Cartesian Physics4. The Cartesians and EthicsV: A Brief ConclusionBibliographyIndex