Diapause in Aquatic Invertebrates: Theory and Human Use by Victor R. AlekseevDiapause in Aquatic Invertebrates: Theory and Human Use by Victor R. Alekseev

Diapause in Aquatic Invertebrates: Theory and Human Use

byVictor R. Alekseev

Paperback | November 23, 2010

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Dormancy is a suspension of the vital functions in an organism to overcome harsh environmental conditions, and sometimes can last for centuries. It is a widespread adaptation in many phyla, ranging from bacteria to vertebrates, and may exert a great influence on aquatic communities.

Contributors to this new book are leaders in the field of diapause studies, and many authors were participants at a recent workshop on diapause in aquatic invertebrates (Pallanza, Italy 2003). The book consists of two major parts, as indicated in its title: Phenomenology of diapause and significance of this adaptation in scientific and practical uses. Application to newly developing areas such as cultivation of live food, like rotifers or Artemia, in modern aquaculture is covered, as are aspects of diapause that promote the colonization of new environments by facilitating the passive transport of resting stages of invasive species. Creation of artificial ecosystems outside of the Earth's biosphere using dormant propagules becomes an actual possibility as humankind develops plans to colonize our nearest planets. Also, studies on the vertical distribution of resting stages in undisturbed sediment cores yield important ecological and evolutionary information useful in investigations of past environments.

Throughout the book properties of diapause and individual peculiarities of this ancient and well-developed adaptive phenomenon are regarded in evolutionarily distant groups such as Rotifers, Crustaceans and Insects.

Victor R. Alekseev, Research Professor, Head of Taxonomy department, Zoological Institute of The Russain Academy of Sciences, the author of the first monograph on diapause in Crustaceans (1990, Nauka Academic Publishers, Moscow), the organiser of the First International Symposium on Diapause in Crustaceans (September 1994, St. Petersbu...
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Title:Diapause in Aquatic Invertebrates: Theory and Human UseFormat:PaperbackDimensions:260 pages, 23.5 × 15.5 × 0.07 inPublished:November 23, 2010Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9048174252

ISBN - 13:9789048174256

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Table of Contents

PART I: Strategies and Mechanisms of Diapause in Aquatic Invertebrates 1. INTRODUCTION TO DIAPAUSE, Victor R. Alekseev, Oscar Ravera & Bart T. De Stasio 1. Diagnosis of diapause, 1.2 Ecological causes of diapause in aquatic organisms, 1.3 Terminology on dormancy 2. TIMING OF DIAPAUSE IN MONOGONONT ROTIFERS: MECHANISMS AND STRATEGIES, John J. Gilbert 2.1 Introduction, 2.2 Female types and the fertilized resting egg, 2.3 The timing of sex: environmental controls, 2.4 The Timing of sex: endogenous controls, 2.5 General mechanistic models for the control of mixis, 2.6 Theoretical models for maximizing resting-egg production, 2.7 Diapausing parthenogenetic eggs, 2.8 Acknowledgments 3. DIAPAUSE IN CRUSTACEANS: Peculiarities of Induction, Victor R. Alekseev 3.1 Introduction, 3.2 Diapause in crustacean life cycles, 3.3 Presence of diapause among crustaceans, 3.4 Evolution of points of view on inducing factors, 3.5 Diapause as a photoperiodic response, 3.6 Light as the source of information about the season, 3.7 Role of temperature and photoperiod in diapause induction, 3.8 Population density and manifestations of photoperiodic reactions, 3.9 Food quality and diapause induction in Crustacea, 3.10 Population polymorphism and inheritance of photoperiodic responses, 3.11 Heredity of photoperiodic responses, 3.12 Acknowledgments 4. REACTIVATION OF DIAPAUSING CRUSTACEANS, Victor R. Alekseev 4.1 Introduction, 4.2 Patterns of reactivation processes for different types of diapause, 4.3 Endogenous phase of diapause, 4.4 Reactivation action of oxygen, 4.5 Participation of carbon dioxide in reactivation, 4.6 Hormonal basis of diapause, 4.7 Acknowledgments 5. DIAPAUSE IN AQUATIC INSECTS, WITH EMPHASIS ON MOSQUITOES, Elena B. Vinogradova 5.1 Introduction, 5.2Mosquitoes (Culicidae), 5.3 Other groups of aquatic insects, 5.4 Acknowledgments 6. A BRIEF PERSPECTIVE ON MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF DIAPAUSE IN AQUATIC INVERTEBRATES, Victor R. Alekseev 6.1 Introduction, 6.2. Molecular mechanism of diapause in nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, 6.3 Acknowledgments PART 2: The Role of Diapause in Science and Human Uses 7. EGG BANK FORMATION BY AQUATIC INVERTEBRATES: A BRIDGE ACROSS DISCIPLINARY BOUNDARIES, Bart T. De Stasio 7.1 Introduction, 7.2 Dormancy processes, 7.3 Egg bank size and dynamics, 7.4 Creating an egg bank, 7.5 Conclusion, 7.6 Acknowledgements 8. USE OF CLADOCERAN RESTING EGGS TO TRACE CLIMATE-DRIVEN AND ANTHROPOGENIC CHANGES IN AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS, Susanne L. Amsinck, Erik Jeppesen & Dirk Verschuren 8.1 Introduction, 8.2 Tracing acidification, 8.3 Tracing eutrophication, 8.4 Tracing fish introductions and biomanipulation, 8.5 Tracing heavy metal pollution, 8.6 Tracing climate change, 8.7 Discussion and conclusion: limitations, concerns and future potentials, 8.8 Acknowledgements 9. RECONSTRUCTING MICRO-EVOLUTIONARY DYNAMICS FROM LAYERED EGG BANKS, Luc De Meester, Joachim Mergeay, Helen Michels & Ellen Decaestecker 9.1 Introduction: dormant stages and the study of micro-evolution, 9.2 A short survey of recent success stories, 9.3 Pitfalls, 9.4 Conclusion and future directions, 9.5 Acknowledgments 10. DOES TIMING OF EMERGENCE WITHIN A SEASON AFFECT THE EVOLUTION OF POST-DIAPAUSE TRAITS? Post-diapause and directly developing phenotypes of Daphnia, Kestutis Arbaciauskas 10.1 Introduction, 10.2 Daphnia life cycle, 10.3 Neonates: biochemical quality and body size, 10.4 Physiology: respiration and starvation resistance, 10.5 Life-history: growth, allocation and relative fitness, 10.6 Descendents of post-diapause and d

Editorial Reviews

From the reviews:"The best-defined types of dormancy are diapause and quiescence. These two remarkable abilities are discussed in the new book Diapause in Aquatic Invertebrates . . The book written by 20 authors, examines the current state of knowledge over 14 chapters and two major parts. . All in all, the book is the best available on the phenomenon of diapause. . This interesting volume . has something to say about the nature of life." (Ralph Schill, Lab Times, Issue 2, 2008)