The Dictionary of American Nursing Biography is the first work to provide a detailed account of the lives and contributions of those who have had the most significant impact on the development of nursing as a profession. The product of an intensive research effort, it brings together a wealth of previously unpublished material as well as information from a wide range of published sources. Comprising a total of 196 biographical sketches, the Dictionary offers portraits of nineteenth-century pioneers as well as more recent innovators involved in the process of professionalization in specific areas, including military and public health nursing, nursing administration, and nursing education. Each entry describes major professional contributions and supplies data on the nurse's background, education, and career. Important or representative writings are listed, together with bibliographies and other source materials. The appendices list biographical subjects by place of birth, the state in which they worked, and their specialty or type of nursing. A comprehensive index provides ready access to specific information.