This dictionary is the first to deal comprehensively with the history of counseling in the United States for the last 100 years and with the professional, ethical, and legal aspects of counseling. The introduction describes the development of counseling since 1900 in this country, defines the major theoretical approaches to counseling through the years, describes the counseling process and characterizes counseling approaches at different stages in a person's life, and talks about client and counselor relationships. The 279 entries that make up the main body of the book cover a broad range of terms, concepts, theories, approaches, strategies, key people and organizations, various types of groups and problems, and major issues. Internal cross-references between entries and a general index make this dictionary easily accessible for students, scholars, and practitioners in counseling in the fields of psychology and education. Short lists of important sources for further reading that accompany the different entries add to the usefulness of this research tool.