Discovering Grammar: An Introduction to English Sentence Structure

Hardcover | January 15, 2000

byAnne Lobeck

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Discovering Grammar: An Introduction to English Sentence Structure encourages students to explore grammar through a unique "discovery" approach that encompasses both critical thinking and text analysis. Ideal for courses in the structure of English, this book is also useful for courses inEnglish education/language arts, English as a second language, and linguistics. Part One offers an overview of different definitions of and approaches to grammar and outlines the approach to descriptive grammar taken in the text. This section also includes an introduction to phrase structure andevidence for syntactic structure based on movement, pronominalization, and coordination. Part Two introduces each syntactic category (noun, verb, adjective, adverb, and preposition) through morphological and syntactic evidence and highlights the basic division between lexical and grammaticalcategories. Part Three focuses on the structure of sentences, discussing subordination, complementation, adjunction, and more. In contrast with most traditional grammar books--whose exercises focus on drills and memorization--Discovering Grammar features practical and engaging exercises. Discovery Problems encourage students to "discover" sentence structure by analyzing patterns of data. Students can then apply theirskills to Text Analysis exercises in which they examine a wide variety of different texts including excerpts from poetry, novels, television, movies, and other media. Language Diversity Exercises introduce students to other varieties of English, both earlier versions (Old and Middle English) andcurrent "world" Englishes used both inside and outside the U.S. Each chapter concludes with a chapter review and a comprehensive exercise that can be used as a chapter test. The volume is further enhanced by a concise glossary and a guide for doing Language Diversity Exercises.

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Discovering Grammar: An Introduction to English Sentence Structure encourages students to explore grammar through a unique "discovery" approach that encompasses both critical thinking and text analysis. Ideal for courses in the structure of English, this book is also useful for courses inEnglish education/language arts, English as a se...

Anne Lobeck is at Western Washington University.

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Format:HardcoverPublished:January 15, 2000Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195129849

ISBN - 13:9780195129847

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Table of Contents

Each chapter opens with an Introduction and closes with a Summary, Discovery Problems, Text Analysis, Language Diversity Exercises, Chapter Review Terms, and Chapter Review ExercisesPrefaceAcknowledgmentsPART I: THE GRAMMATICAL SYSTEM1. Grammar and Our Knowledge of LanguageThe Components of GrammarDescriptive and Prescriptive GrammarStandard EnglishThe Approach to Grammar in This Book2. Some Syntactic Fundamentals: Categories and PhrasesSyntactic CategoriesGrammatical and Lexical CategoriesPhrase Structure3. Evidence for Phrases: Movement, Pronominalization, and CoordinationMovementPronominalizationCoordinationPART II: CATEGORIES4. NounsSemantic Classes of NounsThe Morphology of NounsThe Syntax of the Noun PhraseCategories that Introduce Nouns: Determiners, Numerals and Quantifiers5. The Forms and Meanings of VerbsThe Semantics of VerbsThe Morphology of VerbsSemantic Tense and AspectFuture Tense and ModalsInfinitivesGrammatical Verbs: Auxiliaries and Modals6. The Syntax of the Verb PhraseA Phrase Structure Rule for Verb PhraseNegation and Do-InsertionNot ContractionSubject-Auxiliary Inversion and TagThe Grammatical Category Auxiliary7. Adjectives and Adjective PhrasesThe Semantics of AdjectivesThe Morphology of AdjectivesCategories That Introduce Adjectives: Degree WordsThe Syntax of the Adjective PhraseAdjective Phrase Positions8. Adverbs and Adverb PhrasesSemantic Classes of AdverbsThe Morphology of AdverbsCategories That Introduce Adverbs: Degree WordsAdverb Phrase Positions9. PrepositionsThe Semantics of PrepositionsThe Morphology of PrepositionsCategories That Introduce PrepositionsPrepositions: A Grammatical or Lexical Category?The Phrase Structure of Prespositional PhrasesIntransitive Prepositions: ParticlesMore Prepositional PhrasesPART III: GRAMMATICAL FUNCTIONS10. The Sentence: Clause Structure, Subordination, and CoordinationThe Structure of the Clause: NP and VPIndependent and Subordinate ClausesTypes of Subordinate Clauses11. ComplementsSubcategorizationComplements of VerbsComplements of Other Lexical Categories12. Adjuncts in the Verb PhrasePrepositional Phrase AdjunctsAdverb Phrase and Adverbial Noun Phrase AdjunctsParticipial Phrase AdjunctsAdjective Phrase AdjunctsClausal Adjuncts13. Adjuncts in the Noun PhraseAppositive Noun PhrasesRestrictive Relative ClausesNonrestrictive Relative ClausesFree Relative ClausesGlossaryAppendixIndex