Discrimination in American Sports by Verena Picken

Discrimination in American Sports

byVerena Picken

Kobo ebook | December 11, 2008

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Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject American Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 2,7, University of Siegen, 11 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Sport is not just sport. It is more: even more than entertainment, a (an American!) life style, it is the nation's pride. Sport is strictly connected to someone's feelings. Especially baseball, basketball and football represent typical American ballgames. But sports are not only about playing or exercising, they are highly organized, have institutionalized rituals, public liturgies, symbolic statements, dramas and narratives. American sports seem to symbolize America, its pride and unity. They are rarely considered 'just a game'. American sports are crowded with a number of meanings: they are displays of patriotism, consumer rackets and even morality lessons. We learn a lot about political developments, racial relations, social classes, equality for women and community identity. Probably the most significant long- term development in the 20th century sports has been the increasing participation of minorities, especially blacks and women. Mainly African Americans made contributions to sports in the early 20th century, despite being excluded from white teams. In my term paper I will start with the exclusion of black players from white baseball, which led to the creation of a separate Negro National League in 1920. The racial segregation that prevented African Americas from playing baseball in the National League until 1947 has been replaced by the enormous successes of African Americans in all fields of sport. Another important person I want to mention in this context is Jesse Owens, who was a track and field athlete. He became a national hero for the United States when he won four gold medals and set world and Olympic records in 1936. Although being black, he was allowed to participate in these Olympic Games, while Hitler was already following up his racist and controversial politics. I will then discuss the problems concerning gender discrimination in the United States. Before the 20th century, women were not allowed to play in most organized sports. But as soon as this discrimination stopped, schools spend for example additional funding on women's athletics, which led to an enormous boost to women's sports of all kinds. This term paper ends with my conclusion and the question, although sport is an American lifestyle, their pride, is there still discrimination towards gender and race?
Title:Discrimination in American SportsFormat:Kobo ebookPublished:December 11, 2008Publisher:GRIN PublishingLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3640229274

ISBN - 13:9783640229277

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