Disease Prevention: A Critical Toolkit

Paperback | July 30, 2016

byJohn Frank, Ruth Jepson, Andrew J. Williams

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Preventive medical interventions and non-medicalised public health programmes that promise health benefits in the future, from actions taken now, carry a strong ethical requirement of "first, do no harm" or primum non nocere. New preventive advice and interventions are being promoted on adaily basis, Disease Prevention: A Critical Toolkit provides a set of appraisal tools to guide those considering a preventive action to make sure that it is effective (does more good than harm), efficient (is a competitive use of scarce resources), and equitable in its impact across society. Case studies and worked examples illustrate the risks and benefits of specific preventive interventions. Divided into 10 chapters this practical and concise book focuses on multiple aspects of prevention including the hierarchy of preventive options; the assessment of causation; finding andappraising scientific evidence; prevention directed at entire populations (as opposed to individuals); measuring chronic disease risk factors and medically managing them: statin treatment of high cholesterol; PSA screening for prostate cancer; genetic screening for future disease risk; andassessing the health equity implications of prevention. Aimed at front-line public health and primary care professionals, Disease Prevention: A Critical Toolkit will equip them with the up-to-date skills necessary to help them better inform and serve their patients and communities.

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Preventive medical interventions and non-medicalised public health programmes that promise health benefits in the future, from actions taken now, carry a strong ethical requirement of "first, do no harm" or primum non nocere. New preventive advice and interventions are being promoted on adaily basis, Disease Prevention: A Critical Too...

John Frank is a physician/epidemiologist, and a professor of public health/primary care since 1982, at four universities in Canada, the USA and the UK. He has been Professor (now Emeritus) at the University of Toronto, at the Dalla Lana School of Public Health (since 1983); founding Director of Research at the Institute for Work and He...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:240 pagesPublished:July 30, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198725868

ISBN - 13:9780198725862

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction: Why we wrote this book2. Basic principles of successful and unsuccessful prevention3. A brief history of prevention . . . and causation4. Seeing the forest for the trees finding and using the evidence5. Causation and prevention in populations versus individuals6. How simple advice can sometimes be wrong the case of healthy diets7. Preventing chronic diseases by risk factor detection and treatment: what every health care consumer needs to know8. Detecting disease before symptoms begin: the blemished promise of cancer screening9. Genetic testing for disease prevention: oversold?10. When can prevention expect to also reduce social inequalities in health?PostscriptAppendix 1: Preventive Actions: Decision Support ToolAppendix 2: Useful Resources for a Critical Appraisal Tool Kit Applied to Disease PreventionAppendix 3: Suggested Answers for Quiz Questions at End of Chapters