Distribution in Japan

Hardcover | January 1, 2002

EditorYoshiro Miwa, Kiyohiko G. Nishimura, J. Mark Ramseyer

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Several years have passed since the 'store wars' over barriers to foreign products at Japanese distribution firms. Yet among English-speaking readers, how these firms operate remains a puzzle. In this book, the best Japanese scholars in their fields attempt to unravel that puzzle. Avoidingculture-based explanations, they employ a systematic and rigorous economic logic---yet, since they also avoid mathematical notation, the argument remains accessible to generalist readers.Collectively, the authors make four basic points:* Within a country, distribution is less similar than it appears. Not only does it vary enormously across industries, but it often varies within a given industry as well.* Across countries, distribution is less diverse than it appears. Although appearances sometimes suggest major cross-national contrasts, on more careful analysis the differences often disappear. * Distribution sometimes depends on the product involved. Because distribution functions as the principal means by which manufacturers acquire information about consumer preferences, the character of distribution can depend crucially both on demand patterns and on manufacturing technology. * In the absence of regulatory intervention, distribution generally will be efficient and non-exclusionary. Regulation usually introduces inefficiency and often creates barriers to entry. Importantly, however, the targets of exclusion will less often involve foreign than domestic competitors.To illustrate these points, the authors draw on both analyses that cross various sectors and analyses that are specific to sectors; they study both regulated and unregulated industries; they describe industries with extensive imports, industries with extensive exports, and industries with neither;they examine the effect of technological change; and they introduce a variety of case studies, from agriculture and automobiles to electrical appliances and apparel.

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Several years have passed since the 'store wars' over barriers to foreign products at Japanese distribution firms. Yet among English-speaking readers, how these firms operate remains a puzzle. In this book, the best Japanese scholars in their fields attempt to unravel that puzzle. Avoidingculture-based explanations, they employ a syste...

Yoshiro Miwa: Lecturer in Economics (1976--77) and Associate Professor of Economics (1977--86), Shishu University; Associate Professor of Economics (1986--89) and Professor of Economics (1989--present), The University of Tokyo. Kiyohiko G. Nishimura: Arthur M. Okun Research Fellow, Brookings Institution (1981--82), Associate Profess...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:224 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.79 inPublished:January 1, 2002Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199248907

ISBN - 13:9780199248902

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Table of Contents

1. Yoshiro MIWA and J. Mark RAMSEYER: Japanese Distribution: Background, Issues, Examples2. Kiyohiko G. NISHIMURA, Towa TACHIBANA, and Hiroshi TSUBOUCHI: The Evolution of the Japanese Distribution Structure: An International and Institutional Perspective3. Yoshiro MIWA and J. Mark RAMSEYER: Apparel Distribution: Inter-firm Contracting and Intra-firm Organization4. Hiroshi NIIDA: The Distribution of Household Appliances: A Keiretsu Distribution System5. Ryuhei WAKASUGI: Distribution of Imported Products: The Case of Automobiles6. Toshimasa TSURUTA and Toshiyuki YAHAGI: The Large-Scale Retail Stores Act and its 'Erosion' in the 1970s--1980s7. Naomi SAEKI and Masamitsu YASAKA: Agricultural Cooperatives in Distribution8. Yoshiro MIWA: Information Technology in Distribution: Daily Necessities and Processed Foods9. Yoshiro MIWA, Kiyohiko G. NISHIMURA, and J. Mark RAMSEYER: Conclusions: Implications for International Trade