Distributive Justice: Getting What We Deserve From Our Country

Hardcover | August 13, 2016

byFred Feldman

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This book presents and defends a novel theory of distributive justice, according to which political economic distributive justice reigns in a state if the government of that state ensures that citizens receive the benefits and burdens they deserve from it. The book starts with a more precisecharacterization of the target of this inquiry - political economic distributive justice. It then proceeds to explicate the concept of desert, evaluate proposed ways of justifying desert claims, formulate a number of desertist theories of justice, and draw out the special features of the versiondefended here. Once the proposed form of desertism has been stated, its implications are compared to those of egalitarianism, luck egalitarianism, sufficientism, the difference principle, libertarianism, and prioritarianism, with the aim of showing that desertism yields more attractive results incases that prove difficult for other theories currently being discussed in the literature. Arguments - especially arguments deriving from Rawls - against desertism are explained and shown to be ineffective. There is discussion of the distinction between comparative and non-comparative justice. Emphasis is placed on the distinction between (a) theories about the moral rightness ofdistributions, (b) theories about the intrinsic value of distributions, and (c) theories specifically about the justice of distributions. There is discussion of the unfortunate results of confusion of these different sorts of theory. The views of Rawls, Nozick, Parfit, Frankfurt, Feinberg and othersare discussed. A version of the method of reflective equilibrium is explained and defended. The book concludes with a series of admissions concerning puzzles that remain unsolved.

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This book presents and defends a novel theory of distributive justice, according to which political economic distributive justice reigns in a state if the government of that state ensures that citizens receive the benefits and burdens they deserve from it. The book starts with a more precisecharacterization of the target of this inquir...

Fred Feldman is Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, where he taught from 1969 until his retirement in 2013. His research primarily focuses on normative ethics, metaethics, the nature of happiness, and justice. He has long been fascinated by philosophical problems about the nature and value of...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:288 pages, 9.21 × 6.02 × 0.98 inPublished:August 13, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198782985

ISBN - 13:9780198782988

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Table of Contents

Introduction1. Locating the Target2. Desert Claims and Their Justification3. Four Forms of Desertism4. Political Economic Deserts and Desert Bases5. Desertism and Some Competitors6. The Priority View7. Rawls Against Desertism8. Feinberg on Comparative and Noncomparative Justice9. Concluding Remarks