The essays in this volume explore the diversities, affinities and linkages between different traditions of Indian ethnography, broadly divided into three categories. The first group of essays explore the indigenous traditions of ethnography, ranging from the epic traditions of the Mahabharataand the Dharmashastra to the Varna Ratnakara. The second group of essays explores colonial ethnography - the colonials' documentation of caste, tribe, and races, as well as their methodologies like the census. The last group deals with post-colonial ethnography where ideas such as 'pluralism','synthesis', 'composite culture' and 'unity in diversity' is explored. The Foreword by Sabyasachi Bhattacharya gives an overview of K.S. Singh's work in the field as well as his writings. This book will be of considerable interest to scholars and students of modern Indian history, anthropology, sociology, cultural studies, demographic studies, as well as policymakers and NGOs.