Documentary Media: History, Theory, Practice by Broderick FoxDocumentary Media: History, Theory, Practice by Broderick Fox

Documentary Media: History, Theory, Practice

byBroderick FoxEditorBroderick Fox

Paperback | October 30, 2009

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Documentary Media: History, Theory, Practice facilitates the study of documentary media, its changing forms, and diverse social functions. Fox provides balanced and accessible coverage of the historical, critical, and the practical aspects of documentary media without mandating specialized skills sets in students or access to costly technology.

For practitioners and students alike, Documentary Media lays out fundamental concepts and production processes needed to contribute to the contemporary production of non-fiction media in the digital age. Each chapter engages students by challenging traditional assumptions about documentary form and function, posing critical and creative questions, and offering historical and contemporary examples. Additionally, each chapter closes with an "Into Practice" section that assists readers in applying the chapter's concepts. Fox aims to help the student establish a complete treatment, aesthetic plan, and pre-production strategy for their own documentary project.

Broderick Fox, Occidental College
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Title:Documentary Media: History, Theory, PracticeFormat:PaperbackDimensions:264 pages, 10 × 8 × 0.7 inPublished:October 30, 2009Publisher:Taylor and FrancisLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0205644554

ISBN - 13:9780205644551

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Table of Contents

1 Reimagining Documentary

REALITY?

OBJECTIVITY?

TRUTH?

THE SUBJECT OF DOCUMENTARY

-The Gap Between Subject and Filmmaker

-Countering Ethnography

PUSHING DOCUMENTARY FORM AND FUNCTION

DOCUMENTARY, POWER, AND THE PUBLIC SPHERE

INTO PRACTICE

-Analysis

-Development

-Production

WORKS CITED

2 A Brief History of Documentary: Movements and Modes

ROBERT FLAHERTY: BUILDING CHARACTER AND NARRATIVE COHERENCE

CINEMA AS SOCIAL TOOL: RUSSIAN FORMALISM AND THE REFLEXIVE MODE

WAYS OF SEEING: AVANT-GARDES AND THE POETIC MODE

DOCUMENTARY AS HAMMER: THE EXPOSITORY MODE

DIRECT CINEMA: THE OBSERVATIONAL MODE

CINEMA VERITE:: THE PARTICIPATORY MODE

THE EMERGENCE OF VIDEO: TAKING ON TV & TOP-DOWN MEDIA

-Collective Resistance: Guerilla TV

-Community-Based Media and Independent Investigative Reporting

BODY AS CONDUIT: THE PERFORMATIVE MODE

-Feminist Performativity

-Queer Performativity

-Broader Use of the Performative Mode

PERFORMING SELF: THE AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL MODE

-Second Wave Feminism and Autobiography

-Gay Rights Media and Queer Autobiography

TRYING OUT REALITY: THE ESSAYISTIC MODE

MULTI-MODAL MAKING

INTO PRACTICE

-Analysis

-Development

-Production

WORKS CITED

3 Crafting Your Story

CONTENT: WHAT'S IT REALLY ABOUT?

-The Central Question

-Theme, Story, Plot

-World and Scope

-Who is Your Audience

-Documentary Function

RHETORIC: THE ART OF PERSUASION

-A Sense of Ethos: Character Development

-Feeling Pathos: Emotional Truths

-Building With Logos: Demonstrative Proof

-Choosing Your Rhetoric

STRUCTURE: ORGANIZING REALITY

-Back to Aristotle

-Stuck in the Middle

-Structural Variations: Linear, Episodic, Thematic

-Establishing a Present Tense

-Developing Character Arcs

INTO PRACTICE

-Analysis

-Development

-Production

4 Style: Audio-Visualizing the Documentary

VISUAL DESIGN

-Shooting Format

-Aspect Ratio

-Color vs. Black and White

-Framing

-Shot Size

-Camera Placement

-Movement

-Lighting

-Visual Metaphors and Structural Motifs

-Challenging Expectations

SOUND DESIGN

-Tracks

-Smart Design

-Sound Alternatives: Beyond Voiceover and Talking Heads

THE BIG PICTURE

INTO PRACTICE

-Analysis

-Development

-Production

5 Documentary Ethics: Focusing Your Professional "Gaze"

THE GAZE

-The Accidental Gaze

-The Helpless Gaze

-The Endangered Gaze

-The Interventional Gaze

-The Humane Stare

-The Professional Gaze?

APPROACHING THE OTHER

ETHICAL PRODUCTION METHODS

THE LEGACIES OF INTERVENTION

AN ETHICS OF THE ARCHIVE

YOUR PROFESSIONAL GAZE?

INTO PRACTICE

-Analysis

-Development

-Production

Project Information Sheet

Subject Release Form

6 Capturing Reality: Production Strategies

IN FOR THE LONG HAUL: HARLAN COUNTY, U.S.A.

PLANNING AHEAD AND LETTING GO: TOUCH THE SOUND

A VESTED CREW: DARK DAYS

THE PRODUCTION NOTEBOOK

-Project Information Sheets, Release Forms, and Emergency Medical Forms

-Location Releases and Permits

-Production Insurance and Carnets

-Shooting Schedule

-Call Sheets

-Treatment, Prospectus, and Aesthetic Plan

-Camera Reports and Editing Log

THE RIGHT TOOLS FOR THE JOB: CAMERA/SOUND TESTS

-Location Scouting

-Camera Test

-Lighting and Exposure

-Making Sound Decisions

-Types of Microphones

-Handling and Positioning

-Tethered or Wireless

-Covering Your Bases

SHOOTING ON THE FLY: FIELD TECHNIQUES

-Interviewing Tips

-Coverage, Handles, and Transitions

-Room Tone and Wild Sound

-Developing a Routine

INTO PRACTICE

-Analysis

-Development

-Production

7 Shaping Reality: The Post-Production Process

EDITING: CUTTING OUT THE BAD PARTS?

-Selects: One Man's Trash, Another Man's Treasure

DEVELOPING AN EDITING STYLE

-Shots, Scenes, and Sequences

-Transparency vs. Reflexivity

-Modes and Editing Style

-Manipulating Space and Time

-Suspense vs. Surprise

-Teasers and Trailers

DESIGNING SOUND

-Track Organization

-Sound Masking

-Words, Words, Words

-Mickey Mousing

-Dynamics

-Towards an Ethics of Scoring and Sound Design

-Music Rights

-Working With a Composer

-A Grizzly Case Study

CONCLUSION: A POST-PRODUCTION MAP

INTO PRACTICE

-Analysis

-Development

Music Release Form

-Practice

8 Distribution Strategies: From Movie to Movement

DON'T UNDERESTIMATE YOUR AUDIENCE

ALTERNATE ACCESS

ACTIVE SPECTATORSHIP

BUILDING COMMUNITY

THE FUTURE OF DOCUMENTARY?

INTO PRACTICE

-Analysis

-Development

-Practice

APPENDICES:

A Project 1: Camera-less Documentary

B Project 2: Exploring Modes of Representation

C Project 3: Gaining Perspective

D Project 4: Editing a Teaser and Trailer

E Project 5: Establishing a Web Presence

F Exercise: Camera Concepts

G Exercise: Sound Decisions

H Quick Reference: Modes Reviewed

I Quick Reference: Sample Forms

J Quick Reference: Prospectus Checklist and Guidelines

K Filmography

INDEX