Doing Grammar

Paperback | December 3, 2013

byMax Morenberg

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A practical guide to discovering how the English language works, Doing Grammar is a compact volume that is essential for students in advanced grammar courses. Using an engaging style, Max Morenberg uses modern linguistic theories to build upon traditional models and provides accessibleexplanations about the composition of sentences, illustrating them at every step with diagrams and other visual models. Using real-life sentences as examples and exercises, the author clarifies the study of grammar without oversimplifying the concepts.For the fifth edition, Doing Grammar retains its unique voice and clarity, while the book has been reorganized to begin with more accessible concepts first, starting with Parts of Speech, so it presents a more intuitive progression of topics. This new edition also contains expanded coverage onsyntax, punctuation, style and usage, and more current grammar anecdotes throughout that will give the reader a sense of how English varies, with special attention paid to ESL/ELL topics, and new compositional contexts like social media (how does one punctuate a Tweet?). Doing Grammar, 5th edition features an updated glossary of terms, as well as new pedagogical elements added to each chapter, including boxes on practical issues, such as controversies in grammar (e.g., the wording of the second amendment), as well as new "Try This" exercises following most majorlessons, and end-of-chapter summaries and critical thinking questions to engage students from across disciplinary backgrounds (English, Education, Linguistics Anthropology, etc).

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A practical guide to discovering how the English language works, Doing Grammar is a compact volume that is essential for students in advanced grammar courses. Using an engaging style, Max Morenberg uses modern linguistic theories to build upon traditional models and provides accessibleexplanations about the composition of sentences, il...

Max Morenberg was Professor of English Emeritus at Miami University, where he codirected the Ohio Writing Project. He was the coauthor of The Writer's Opinions: Lessons in Style and Arrangement, Eighth Edition (2007) and The Writing Teacher as Researcher: Essays in the Theory and Practice of Class-Based Research (1990).

other books by Max Morenberg

Format:PaperbackDimensions:352 pages, 8.25 × 5.5 × 0.68 inPublished:December 3, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199947333

ISBN - 13:9780199947331

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Table of Contents

Preface1. Relating Words, Phrases, and SlotsWhat Grammar DoesGrammar and Our View of LanguageParts of SpeechWhat Nouns DoVerbs, Modal Auxiliaries, and TenseAdjectives and Noun CharacteristicsAdverbs Orient Readers and ListenersPrepositions Precede Noun PhrasesTry ThisWords and GrammarGrammatical Slots Identify PhrasesGrammatical Analysis and Chicken PartsHeads, Attributes, and HierarchiesBasic Sentence StructureThe Yes/No Question TestKnowledge and PracticeChapter Summary: Words, Hierarchies, and ConstituentsEXERCISESI. IDENTIFYING SENTENCE CONSTITUENTSThinking Critically about Grammar2. Identifying Verbs and Core SentencesVerbs and Core SentencesVerbs: The Basic Sentence ComponentsIntransitive VerbsLinking VerbsTransitive VerbsTwo-Place Transitive VerbsVg VerbsVc VerbsTwo-Place Transitives as TransitivesThe Verb BEVerbs and Slots and Sentence NucleiVerbs Change TypesTry ThisReference MaterialTree DiagramsDiagrams as ToolsMultiple-Word VerbsChapter Summary: The Six Verb TypesEXERCISESI. IDENTIFYING VERB TYPES3. Expanding Verb PhrasesTense, Modality, and AspectStatus of the Main VerbVerb FormFinitenessMood and PurposeConditional MoodConditional Mood and PossibilityFuture Time and Conditional Mood AgainSo You SayAspectPerfect AspectPast ParticiplesProgressive AspectPresent ParticiplesConditional, Perfective, and ProgressiveTense Form of Main VerbHow to Expand a Main VerbRegular and Irregular VerbsSo You SayChapter Summary: Components of the Main VerbEXERCISESI. CHANGING MAIN-VERB FORMSII. IDENTIFYING VERB STATUS AND ANALYZING SENTENCESThinking Critically about Grammar4. Exploring Noun PhrasesNoun Phrase ComponentsProper and Common NounsDeterminersDefinite ArticlesDemonstrativesPossessive PronounsNumbersPrearticlesTry ThisPostnoun ModifiersGenitives"Genitive" Rather than "Possessive"Personal, Reflexive, and Indefinite PronounsSo You SayChapter Summary: Function Words Can Expand Noun PhrasesEXERCISESI. IDENTIFYING NOUN CONSTITUENTS AND ANALYZING SENTENCESThinking Critically about Grammar5. Rearranging and CompoundingChanging Core SentencesMaking Negative SentencesChanging Statements into Yes/No QuestionsWh-Question SentencesPassive SentencesDeleting "By" from a PassiveCore Arrangement of Passive ConstituentsPast Participles and Adjectives"Get" as a Passive AuxiliaryRearranging a Passive SentenceStatus and PassiveExistential-There SentencesExpletivesImperative SentencesDeleting "You" and "Will" from Imperative SentencesDiagraming Imperative SentencesImperative Sentences Lack TenseThe Negative Form of ImperativesCompounding StructuresCoordinate and Correlative ConjunctionsConjoining and CommasAttaching ConjunctionsParallel StructureTry ThisConjunctive AdverbsChapter Summary: Rearranging and Compounding Core SentencesEXERCISESI. REARRANGING AND COMPOUNDING SENTENCESII. ANALYZING SENTENCESThinking About Critically about Grammar6. Constructing Relative ClausesDependent ClausesLittle Sentences Combine to Make Big SentencesWhy We Combine ClausesA Relative Clause Embeds into a Noun PhraseThe Way It Was Is the Way It IsRelative Clauses and SentencesRestrictive Relative Clauses as AdjectivesMaking a Relative ClauseRelative Pronouns Replace Noun Phrases"Whose" Replaces a Possessive Pronoun or a Genitive NounRelative Pronouns in Prepositional PhrasesThe Functions of Fronted RelativesFind the Constituents of the Relative ClauseDeleting Object Noun Phrases from Relative ClausesEmbedding Relative Clauses into Subordinate ClausesChapter Summary: Constituents in Independent or Dependent ClausesEXERCISESI. COMBINING SENTENCESII. BREAKING OUT UNDERLYING SENTENCESIII. ANALYZING SENTENCES7. Reducing Relative Clauses to PhrasesDeriving Prepositional and Participial PhrasesReducing ClausesEmbedding PhrasesParticipial Phrases are Verb PhrasesMaking Some Verbs into Present ParticiplesDeriving Past Participial PhrasesEmbedded Prepositional PhrasesConstituency: Adjective or AdverbsHow the Components of an Embedded Phrase FunctionPrepositional Phrases Headed by "With"We Won't Derive One-Word ModifiersEmbedded Phrases and CommasMaking Long Sentences from Just a Few Kinds of Phrases and ClausesThe Clauses That Underlie a Sentence's ConstituentsGrammatical AmbiguityChapter Summary: Phrases Derived from Relative ClausesEXERCISESI. BREAKING OUT UNDERLYING SENTENCESII. COMBINING SENTENCESIII. ANALYZING SENTENCES8. Making Noun Clauses, Gerunds, and InfinitivesNoun Clauses, Gerunds, and Infinitives Fill Noun Phrase SlotsThat-ClausesNoun Clauses Fill Noun Phrase SlotsExtraposing That-ClausesSome Sentences with Expletives and Noun Clauses Don't Seem to Be DerivedWh-Subordinators Act as Content Words within Noun ClausesWh-Clauses Are Related to Question SentencesReducing Clauses to Infinitive PhrasesInfinitives without "To"Infinitive Phrases Introduced by "For... To"Some Infinitives Function as AdverbsGerunds Are "-ing" Verb FormsGerund Phrases May Contain a Subject in the Genitive FormStudying Grammar is CumulativeChapter Summary: Embedded Structures That FillNoun Phrase Slots in Matrix ClausesEXERCISESI. BREAKING OUT UNDERLYING SENTENCESII. COMBINING SENTENCESIII. ANALYZING SENTENCES9. Adding Modifiers to SentencesNonrestrictive ModifiersNonrestrictive Modifiers Are Not Bound within PhrasesNonrestrictive Relative Clauses Sit Next to Noun PhrasesNonrestrictive Relative Clauses Make Added CommentsNonrestrictive Participial PhrasesNonrestrictive Participial Phrases Function as AdverbsAppositives Sit Next to NounsAbsolute PhrasesAdverb Clauses Share Some Characteristics of Nonrestrictive ModifiersAdverb Clauses and Subordinate ConjunctionsNonrestrictive Modifiers Change the Pace, Rhythm, and Movement in SentencesA Grammar Course Should Prepare You to Analyze Real SentencesChapter Summary: Doing Grammar is About Understanding the System That Generates SentencesEXERCISESI. BREAKING OUT UNDERLYING SENTENCESII. COMBINING SENTENCESIII. ANALYZING SENTENCES10. What Can You Do Now That You Can Do Grammar?Reflecting on Writing and ReadingStyleBetter Writers Match Sentence Structure with ContentStudents Writing with StyleMost Punctuation Can Be Addressed with Three PrinciplesTeachers Should Point Out Interesting and Effective Student SentencesChapter Summary: Good Writers, Good Readers, and Good TeachersUnderstand the Options Grammar Gives Us to Construct SentencesEXERCISESAnswer KeyGlossaryIndex