Doing Science: Design, Analysis, and Communication of Scientific Research

Paperback | September 10, 2009

byIvan Valiela

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Doing Science, second edition, offers a rare compendium of practical advice based on how working scientists pursue their craft. It covers each stage of research, from formulating questions and gathering data to developing experiments and analyzing results and finally to the many ways forpresenting results. Drawing on his extensive experience both as a researcher and a research mentor, Ivan Valiela has written a lively and concise survey of everything a beginning scientist needs to know to succeed in the field. He includes chapters on scientific data, statistical methods, andexperimental designs, and much of the book is devoted to presenting final results. Now in its second edition, Doing Science has been completely updated and expanded to include a brand-new chapter on doing science in society, as well as increased coverage of the ethics of avoiding conflict of interest.

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Doing Science, second edition, offers a rare compendium of practical advice based on how working scientists pursue their craft. It covers each stage of research, from formulating questions and gathering data to developing experiments and analyzing results and finally to the many ways forpresenting results. Drawing on his extensive expe...

Ivan Valiela is Senior Resident Scientist at The Ecosystems Center at the Marine Biological Laboratory Laboratory in Woods Hole, Massachusetts.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:304 pages, 10 × 7 × 0.68 inPublished:September 10, 2009Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019538573X

ISBN - 13:9780195385731

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Table of Contents

1. Obtaining Scientific Information1.1 Introduction1.2 Empirical Science1.3 Deductive Science2. Elements of Scientific Data and Tests of Questions2.1 Kinds of Data2.2 Accuracy and Precision2.3 Frequency Distributions2.4 Descriptive Statistics2.5 Distributions and Transformations of Data2.6 Tests of Hypotheses3. Statistical Analyses3.1 Analysis of Variance3.2 Regression3.3 Correlation3.4 Analysis of Frequencies3.5 Summary of Statistical Analyses3.6 Transformations of Data4. Principles of Research Design4.1 Desirable Properties of Research Design4.2 Design of Treatments4.3 Design of Layout4.4 Response Design4.5 Sensible Experimental Design5. Communication of Scientific Information: Writing5.1 The Matter of Publication5.2 The Matter of Which Language to Use5.3 Writing Scientific English6. The Scientific Paper6.1 Organization of a Scientific Paper6.2 The Life History of a Scientific Paper7. Other Means of Scientific Communication7.1 The Scientific Talk7.2 The Poster Presentation7.3 The Proposal8. Presenting Data in Tables8.1 Why Show Data in Tables?8.2 The Elements of Tables8.3 Layout of Tables8.4 Tables That Need Not Be Tables9. Presenting Data in Figures9.1 Graphical Perception9.2 Types of Figures9.3 Principles of Graphical Representation10. Case Studies of Graphical Data Presentation10.1 Bivariate Graphs10.2 Three-Variable Graphs10.3 Histograms10.4 Bar Graphs10.5 Pie Diagrams11. Doing Science in Society11.1 The Profession of Science11.2 Unbiased and Independent Judgment11.3 Validity of Facts11.4 Giving Credit to OthersHow Widespread is Questionable Behavior in Science?12. Perceptions and Criticisms of Science12.1 Current Perceptions about Science12.2 Science and Some Modern Critics12.3 Sharpening Perceptions about ScienceIndex