To one side of the village, Hosamanehalli, flowed the Sharavathi. On the other was Sita Parvatha. This was no mountain despite its name; it was a hillock. Its back was lush with forestlands but its head was bald. During the times of the Ramayana, Rama, Sita and Lakshmana had crossed theSharavathi and rested in a cave on top of this hill. Now, sprawled at its foot were five families, three areca plantations and three rice fields. Of the five families, three were those of the landlords, the other two of bonded labourers, bonded since birth. Of the three landlords, Heramba Hegde andParameshwarappa were wealthy; they owned the bonded labourers, Byra and Hala, who worked their land. Ganapayya was neither rich nor poor. He did not own labourers; he hired some and paid them wages. But that did not make a difference to his status. The respect the landlords commanded came from theirplace and role in the community, not from their wealth. This had been the system in the villages for generations.Everything changed with the Sharavathi Hydro-electric Project. Countless villages were submerged and with them went the lifestyle and values that had sustained communities in the Malnad area. The government arranged to compensate the displaced landlords with land. The labourers had no land anyway,so they were not covered by the compensation. A Submersion Office was set up to see to the process but only those landlords who could grease the palms of the officials were given land elsewhere. Ganapayya was not wealthy enough to bribe. So his application was "lost". He decided to stay back with his wife and father and face the consequences of the change in the landscape, thanks to modernisation. When the river did rise and submerge the land around the Linganmakki Dam, it sparedGanapayya's house. Sharavathi did not drown him but people did. He was judged by an alien urban yardstick and found wanting. As money became the new criterion for respect, he felt degraded by his community and his wife. In losing his self-worth as a person, Ganapayya lost everything else.