Early Category And Concept Development

Paperback | January 1, 2009

byDavid H. Rakison, Lisa M. Oakes

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Whether or not infants' earliest perception of the world is a "blooming, buzzing, confusion," it is not long before they come to perceive structure and order among the objects and events around them. At the core of this process, and cognitive development in general, is the ability tocategorize--to group events, objects, or properties together--and to form mental representations, or concepts, that encapsulate the commonalities and structure of these categories. Categorization is the primary means of coding experience, underlying not only perceptual and reasoning processes, butalso inductive inference and language. The aim of this book is to bring together the most recent findings and theories about the origins and early development of categorization and conceptual abilities. Despite recent advances in our understanding of this area, a number of hotly debated issuesremain at the center of the controversy over categorization. Researchers continue to ask questions such as: Which mechanisms for categorization are available at birth and which emerge later? What are the relative roles of perceptual similarity and nonobservable properties in early classification?What is the role of contextual variation in categorization by infants and children? Do different experimental procedures reveal the same kind of knowledge? Can computational models simulate infant and child categorization? How do computational models inform behavioral research? What is the impact oflanguage on category development? How does language partition the world? This book is the first to address these and other key questions within a single volume. The authors present a diverse set of views representing cutting-edge empirical and theoretical advances in the field. The result is a thorough review of empirical contributions to the literature, and a wealth offresh theoretical perspectives on early categorization.

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Whether or not infants' earliest perception of the world is a "blooming, buzzing, confusion," it is not long before they come to perceive structure and order among the objects and events around them. At the core of this process, and cognitive development in general, is the ability tocategorize--to group events, objects, or properties t...

David H. Rakison is at Carnegie Mellon University. Lisa M. Oakes is at University of Iowa.

other books by David H. Rakison

Format:PaperbackDimensions:492 pages, 9.25 × 6.13 × 0.68 inPublished:January 1, 2009Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195142942

ISBN - 13:9780195142945

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Table of Contents

Frank C. Keil: Foreword: Categories, Cognitive Development, and Cognitive SciencePrefaceAcknowledgmentsContributors1. Lisa M. Oakes and David H. Rakison: Issues in the Early Development of Concepts and Categories: An IntroductionPART I. CONCEPTS AND CATEGORIES BEFORE THE EMERGENCE OF LANGUAGE2. Peter W. Jusczyk: Chunking Language Input to Find Patterns3. Paul C. Quinn: Concepts Are Not Just for Objects: Categorization of Spatial Relation Information by Infants4. Barbara A. Younger: Parsing Objects into Categories: Infants' Perception and Use of Correlated Attributes5. Jean M. Mandler: Conceptual Categorization6. Lisa M. Oakes and Kelly L. Madole: Principles of Developmental Change in Infants' Category Formation7. David H. Rakison: Parts, Motion, and the Development of the Animate-Inanimate Distinction in Infancy8. Leslie B. Cohen: Commentary on Part I: Unresolved Issues in Infant CategorizationPART II: CONCEPTS AND CATEGORIES DURING EARLY LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT9. Sandra R. Waxman: Links between Object Categorization and Naming: Origins and Emergence in Human Infants10. Carolyn B. Mervis, John R. Pani, and Ariel M. Pani: Transaction of Child Cognitive-Linguistic Abilities and Adult Input in the Acquisition of Lexical Categories at the Basic and Subordinate Levels11. Linda B. Smith, Eliana Colunga, and Hanako Yoshida: Making an Ontology: Cross-linguistic Evidence12. Alison Gopnik and Thierry Nazzi: Words, Kinds, and Causal Powers: A Theory Theory Perspective on Early Naming and Categorization13. Susan A. Gelman and Melissa A. Koenig: Theory-Based Categorization in Early Childhood14. Denis Mareschal: The Acquisition and Use of Implicit Categories in Early Development15. Ellen M. Markman and Vikram K. Jaswal: Commentary on Part II: Abilities and Assumptions Underlying Conceptual Development16. Robert L. Goldstone and Mark K. Johansen: Final Commentary: Conceptual Development from Origins to AsymptotesAuthor IndexSubject Index

Editorial Reviews

"This clearly written and well-edited book adds to the chorus of opinion that might inform answers to those questions plaguing the study of reality and its construction. This book is a must-read for those who study human categorization and conceptualization. It offers an up-to-date andwell-argued compendium of opinion and research from the finest minds in developmental psychology, and illuminates the current status of the empiricist-rationalist debate within psychology."-Shannon M. Pruden, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, and Julia Parish, Philosophical Psychology