Early Responses to the Periodic System

Hardcover | March 2, 2015

EditorMasanori Kaji, Helge Kragh, Gabor Pallo

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The reception of the periodic system of elements has received little attention. Many historians have studied Mendeleev's discovery of the periodic system, but few have analyzed how the scientific community perceived and employed it. American historian of science Stephen G. Brush concluded thatthe periodic law had been generally accepted in the United States and Britain and suggested the need to extend this study to other countries. Early Responses to the Periodic System is the first collection of comparative studies on the reception, response, and appropriation of the periodic system of elements. This book examines the history of pedagogy and popularization in scientific communities, educational sectors, and popular culturefrom the 1870s to the 1920s. Fifteen historians of science explore eleven countries (and one region) central to chemical research, including Russia, Germany, the Czech lands, and Japan, one of the few nation-states outside the Western world to participate in nineteenth century scientific research. The collection, organized by nation-state, explores how local actors regarded the new discovery as law, classification, or theoretical interpretation. The section on France discusses how a small but significant group of authors, including Adolphe Wurtz and Edouard Grimaux, introduced the periodicsystem as support for the atomic theory - not as the final solution to the longstanding quest for a natural classification of elements. The chapter on Germany discusses the role of Lothar Meyer, also awarded The Davy Medal for the discovery of the periodic system. Meyer's role was considered lessimportant, and he was forgotten in his home country, where educational tradition was well established, and the periodic system was not used as a novel didactic approach. In addition to discussing the appropriation of the periodic system, the collection examines metaphysical reflections of naturebased on the periodic system outside of chemistry and considers how far we can push the categories of "response" and "reception."

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The reception of the periodic system of elements has received little attention. Many historians have studied Mendeleev's discovery of the periodic system, but few have analyzed how the scientific community perceived and employed it. American historian of science Stephen G. Brush concluded thatthe periodic law had been generally accepte...

Masanori Kaji is an Associate Professor of the History of Science at the Tokyo Institute of Technology. He wrote Mendeleev: The Discoverer of the Periodic Law of Elements (Toyo Shoten, 2007) and Mendeleev's Discovery of the Periodic Law of the Chemical Elements--The Scientific and Socieal Context of His Discovery (Hokkaido University ...

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Early Responses to the Periodic System
Early Responses to the Periodic System

Kobo ebook|Jan 29 2015

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:344 pages, 9.41 × 6.3 × 0.91 inPublished:March 2, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0190200073

ISBN - 13:9780190200077

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Table of Contents

ForewordList of Illustrations1. IntroductionPart I: Discovery and Early Work on the Periodic System2. Masanori Kaji, Nathan Brooks: The Early Response of Mendeleev's Periodic System in Russia3. Gisela Boeck: The Periodic System and its Influence on Research and Education in Germany between 1870 and 1910Part II: Early Response at the Center of Chemical Research4. Gordon Woods: British Reception of Periodicity5. Bernadette Bensaude Vincent, Antonio Garc!a Belmar: Mendeleev's Periodic Classification and Law in French Chemistry TextbooksPart III: Response in the Central European Periphery6. Sora Strbrov: Nationalism and the Process of Reception of Reception and Appropriation of the Periodic System in Europe and the Czech LandsPart IV: Response in the Northern European Periphery (Scandinavian Countries)7. Anders Lundgren: When a daring chemistry meets a boring chemistry: The Reception of Mendeleev's Periodic System in Sweden8. Helge Kragh: Reception and Early Use of the Periodic System: The Case of Denmark9. Annette Lykknes: Ignored, Disregarded, Discarded? On the Introduction of the Periodic System in Norwegian Periodicals and Textbooks, c. 1870-1930sPart V: Response in the Southern European Periphery10. Jose Ramon Bertomeu-Sanchez, Rosa Muroz-Bello: Chemical Classifications, Textbooks, and the Periodic System in Nineteenth-Century Spain11. Isabel Malaquias: Echoes from the Reception of Periodic Classification in Portugal12. Marco Ciardi, Marco Taddia: Popular Science, Textbooks, and Scientists: The Periodic Law in ItalyPart VI: Response Beyond Europe13. Masanori Kaji: Chemical Classification and the Response to the Periodic Law of Elements in Japan in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries