Earth Observation for Water Resource Management in Africa by Benjamin KoetzEarth Observation for Water Resource Management in Africa by Benjamin Koetz

Earth Observation for Water Resource Management in Africa

EditorBenjamin Koetz, Zoltán Vekerdy, Massimo Menenti

Hardcover | January 11, 2016

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Reliable access to water, managing the spatial and temporal variability of water availability, ensuring the quality of freshwater and responding to climatological changes in the hydrological cycle are prerequisites for the development of countries in Africa. Water being an essential input for biomass growth and for renewable energy production (e.g. biofuels and hydropower schemes) plays an integral part in ensuring food and energy security for any nation. Water, as a source of safe drinking water, is furthermore the basis for ensuring the health of citizens and plays an important role in urban sanitation.
The concept of Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) is seen as an opportunity to help manage water variability and the wide spread water scarcity in Africa. One key component missing from IWRM in Africa is the limited knowledge of the available extent and quality of water resources at basin level. Earth Observation (EO) technology can help fill this information gap by assessing and monitoring water resources at adequate temporal and spatial scales. 
The goal of this Special Issue is to understand and demonstrate the contribution which satellite observations, consistent over space and time, can bring to improve water resource management in Africa. Possible EO products and applications range from catchment characterization, water quality monitoring, soil moisture assessment, water extent and level monitoring, irrigation services, urban and agricultural water demand modeling, evapotranspiration estimation, ground water management, to hydrological modeling and flood mapping/forecasting. Some of these EO applications have already been developed by African scientists within the 10 year lifetime of the TIGER initiative: Looking after Water in Africa (http://www.tiger.esa.int), whose contributions are intended to be the starting point of this Special Issue and is only one example of the wide range of activities in the field. Contributions from the entire African and international scientific community dealing with the challenges of water resource management in Africa are the target of the special issue.
In the years to come, an ever increasing number of international EO missions, such as the Landsat, ALOS, CBERS and RESOURCESAT mission suites, the family of Sentinel missions and the SMAP mission, will provide an unprecedented capacity to observe and monitor the different components of the water cycle. This Special Issue aims also at reviewing the latest developments in terms of new missions as well as related EO products and techniques that will be available in the near future to face some of the major challenges for IWRM in Africa.

Title:Earth Observation for Water Resource Management in AfricaFormat:HardcoverDimensions:556 pages, 9.61 × 6.69 × 1.63 inPublished:January 11, 2016Publisher:MDPI AGLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3038421537

ISBN - 13:9783038421535

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Water Resource ManagementEnabling the Use of Earth Observation Data for Integrated Water Resource Management in Africa with the Water Observation and Information SystemApplication of the Regional Water Mass Variations from GRACE Satellite Gravimetry to Large-Scale Water Management in AfricaChapter 2: Hydrological ModelingUse of Radarsat-2 and Landsat TM Images for Spatial Parameterization of Manning's Roughness Coefficient in Hydraulic ModelingHydrological Impacts of Urbanization of Two Catchments in Harare, Zimbabwe Effect of Bias Correction of Satellite-Rainfall Estimates on Runoff Simulations at the Source of the Upper Blue NileApplicability of Multi-Frequency Passive Microwave Observations and Data Assimilation Methods for Improving NumericalWeather Forecasting in Niger, AfricaChapter 3: EvapotranspirationA Life-Size and Near Real-Time Test of Irrigation Scheduling with a Sentinel-2 Like Time Series (SPOT4-Take5) in MoroccoMonitoring of Irrigation Schemes by Remote Sensing: Phenology versus Retrieval of Biophysical VariablesEarth Observation Based Assessment of the Water Production and Water Consumption of Nile Basin Agro-EcosystemsApplication of a Remote Sensing Method for Estimating Monthly Blue Water Evapotranspiration in Irrigated AgricultureFAO-56 Dual Model Combined with Multi-Sensor Remote Sensing for Regional Evapotranspiration EstimationsValidation of Global Evapotranspiration Product (MOD16) using Flux Tower Data in the African Savanna, South AfricaTowards the Improvement of Blue Water Evapotranspiration Estimates by Combining Remote Sensing and Model SimulationEvaporative Fraction as an Indicator of Moisture Condition and Water Stress Status in Semi-Arid Rangeland EcosystemsEvapotranspiration Variability and Its Association with Vegetation Dynamics in the Nile Basin, 2002-2011Chapter 4: Surface Water HydrologyRemotely Sensed Monitoring of Small Reservoir Dynamics: A Bayesian ApproachSentinel-1 for Monitoring Reservoirs: A Performance AnalysisEvaluating MERIS-Based Aquatic Vegetation Mapping in Lake VictoriaWater Level Fluctuations in the Congo Basin Derived from ENVISAT Satellite AltimetryEstimation of Reservoir Discharges from Lake Nasser and Roseires Reservoir in the Nile Basin Using Satellite Altimetry and Imagery DataInundations in the Inner Niger Delta: Monitoring and Analysis Using MODIS and Global Precipitation DatasetsSeven Years of Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR) Global Monitoring (GM) of Surface Soil Moisture over Africa