Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures by Shashikant K. Duggal

Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures

byShashikant K. Duggal

Paperback | October 19, 2013

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Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures 2e aims to explain the different sources of damage that can be triggered by an earthquake and the conceptual method of earthquake-resistant design. The book would also be useful for postgraduate students of civil engineering, practising engineers, andarchitects.Beginning with an introduction to earthquakes and ground motion, the book provides a detailed coverage of structures and soil in terms of their seismic response. The need for placing emphasis on conceptual design is covered in detail by enumerating factors that cause damage and by offeringguidelines for efficient seismic-resistant design, with special attention to timber, masonry, concrete, and steel buildings.

About The Author

S.K. Duggal currently a Professor in the Civil Engineering Department at Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Allahabad, has over 36 years of experience in teaching undergraduate as well as postgraduate students. A PhD from Allahabad University, he has published a number of research papers in both national and international...

Details & Specs

Title:Earthquake Resistant Design of StructuresFormat:PaperbackDimensions:528 pages, 10 × 6.5 × 0.68 inPublished:October 19, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198083521

ISBN - 13:9780198083528

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Table of Contents

1. Earthquakes and Ground Motion1.1 Interior of Earth1.2 Causes of Earthquakes1.2.1 Indian Plate and Himalaya Earthquakes1.2.2 Elastic Rebound Theory1.2.3 Plate Tectonic Theory1.2.4 Causes of Volcanic Earthquakes1.3 Nature and Occurrence of Earthquakes1.4 Seismic Waves1.5 Graphical Method of Locating Earthquakes1.6 Effects of Earthquakes1.7 Consequences of Earthquake Damage1.8 Measurements of Earthquakes1.8.1 Intensity1.8.2 Magnitude1.8.3 Moment Magnitude1.8.4 Magnitude and Intensity inSeismic Regions1.8.5 Seismographs1.9 Strong Ground Motion1.10 Local Site Effects1.10.1 Topographic Effects1.10.2 Basin Effects1.10.3 Lateral Discontinuity Effects1.11 Classification of Earthquakes1.12 Seismic Zoning1.13 Response of Structure to Earthquake Motion1.14 Seismic Design2. Dynamics of Structures and Seismic Response2.1 Modelling of Structures2.1.1 Lumped Mass Approach2.1.2 Generalized Displacement Procedure2.1.3 Finite Element Procedure2.2 Equations of Motion2.2.1 Direct Equilibration Using d'Alembert's Principle2.2.2 Principle of Virtual Displacements2.2.3 Energy Method - Hamilton's Principle2.3 Systems with Single Degree of Freedom2.4 Dynamic Response of Single-Storey Structure2.4.1 Free Vibration Response2.4.2 Forced Vibration Response2.5 Seismic Response of SDOF Structures2.5.1 Elastic Seismic Response2.5.2 Inelastic Seismic Response2.6 Response Spectrum2.6.1 Elastic Systems2.6.2 Inelastic Systems2.7 Design Spectrum2.7.1 Elastic Systems2.7.2 Inelastic Systems2.8 Systems with Multiple Degrees of Freedom2.8.1 Equations of Motion2.9 Periods and Modes of Vibration of MDOF Systems2.10 Elastic Response of MDOF Systems2.11 Inelastic Response of MDOF Systems2.12 Restoring Force2.13 Damping2.14 Damping Values for Building2.15 Uncertainties of Dynamic Analysis3. Dynamics of Soils and Seismic Response3.1 Stress Conditions of Soil Element3.2 Dynamic Behaviour of Soil3.2.1 Settlement of Dry Sands3.2.2 Liquefaction of Saturated Cohesionless Soils3.3 Dynamic Design Parameters of Soils3.3.1 Shear Modulus3.3.2 Damping3.4 Soil-Structure Interaction3.5 Dynamic Analysis of Soil-Structure Systems3.5.1 Soil Models3.5.2 Methods of Analysis3.6 Seismic Consideration for Foundations3.6.1 Shallow Foundations (Spread Footing)3.6.2 Deep Foundations (Pile Foundation)3.7 Test of Soil Characteristics3.7.1 Field Tests3.7.2 Laboratory Test4. Conceptual Design4.1 Continuous Load Path4.2 Overall Form4.3 Simplicity, Uniformity, and Symmetry4.4 Elongated Shapes4.5 Stiffness and Strength4.6 Horizontal and Vertical Members4.7 Twisting of Buildings4.8 Ductility4.9 Flexible Building4.10 Functional Planning4.11 Framing Systems4.12 Effect of Non-Structural Elements4.13 Choice of Construction Materials5. Code-based Analysis Methods and Design Approaches5.1 Seismic Design Requirements5.1.1 Regular and Irregular Configurations5.2 Design Earthquake Loads5.2.1 Design Horizontal Earthquake Load5.2.2 Design Vertical Earthquake Load5.2.3 Combination for Two- or Three-component Motion5.2.4 Basic Load Combinations5.3 Permissible Stress5.4 Seismic Methods of Analysis5.4.1 Basic Assumptions5.4.2 Methods of Elastic Analysis5.4.3 Limitations of Equivalent Lateral Force and Response Spectrum Analysis Procedures5.4.4 Equivalent Lateral Force vs Response Spectrum Analysis Procedure5.5 Factors in Seismic Analysis5.5.1 Zone Factor5.5.2 Importance Factor5.5.3 Response Reduction Factor5.5.4 Fundamental Natural Period5.5.5 Design Response Spectrum5.6 Seismic Base Shear5.7 Seismic Weight5.8 Distribution of Design Force5.8.1 Equivalent Lateral Force Method5.8.2 Response Spectrum Method5.9 Time History Method5.10 Torsion5.11 Soft and Weak Storeys in Construction5.12 Overturning Moment5.13 Other Structural Requirements5.13.1 Storey Drift5.13.2 Deformation Compatibility of Non-seismic Members5.13.3 Separation between Adjacent Units5.13.4 Foundations5.13.5 Cantilever Projections5.13.6 Compound Walls5.13.7 Connections between parts5.14 Earthquake-resistant Design Methods5.15 Seismic Response Control5.16 Seismic Response Control Systems5.17 Passive Seismic Control System5.17.1 Base Isolation and Isolating Devices5.17.2 Energy Dissipation and Dissipating Devices - Dampers5.17.3 Dynamic Oscillators5.18 Active Seismic Control System5.19 Hybrid Seismic Control Systems5.20 Semi-Active Control SystemsAppendix 5.A The Differential Equation Governing Free Vibration6. Masonry Buildings6.1 Categories of Masonry Buildings6.2 Behaviour of Unreinforced Masonry Walls6.3 Behaviour of Reinforced Masonry Walls6.4 Behaviour of Walls - Box Action and Bands6.5 Behaviour of Infill Walls6.6 Confined Masonry Construction6.7 Improving Seismic Behaviour of Masonry Buildings6.8 Loads Combinations and Permissible Stresses6.9 Seismic Design Requirements6.10 Seismic Design of Masonry Building6.11 Restoration and Strengthening of Masonry Walls6.11.1 Grouting6.11.2 Guniting6.11.3 Prestressing6.11.4 External Binding6.11.5 Inserting New Walls7. Timber Buildings7.1 Structural Form7.2 Connections7.2.1 Nailed Joints7.2.2 Bolted Joints7.2.3 Connector Joints7.2.4 Finger Joints7.3 Lateral Load Transfer in Timber Buildings7.4 Floors and Roofs7.5 Timber Shear Panel Construction7.6 Stud-wall Construction7.7 Brick-Nogged Timber Frame Construction7.8 Substructure7.9 Site Response7.10 Ductile Behaviour of Joints7.11 Fire Resistance7.12 Decay7.13 Permissible Stresses7.14 Restoration and Strengthening7.14.1 Strengthening of Slabs8. Reinforced Concrete Buildings8.1 Damage to RCC Buildings8.2 Principles of Earthquake-resistant Design of RCC Members8.2.1 Ductile Failure8.3 Interaction between Concrete and Steel8.4 Concrete Detailing-General Requirements8.5 Flexural members in Frame8.5.1 Dimensions8.5.2 Logitudinal Reinforcement8.5.3 Lap Splices8.5.4 Web Reinforcement8.6 Columns and Frame Members Subjected to Bending and Axial Load8.6.1 Dimensions8.6.2 Logitudinal Reinforcement8.6.3 Transverse Reinforcement8.7 Special Confining Reinforcement8.8 Joints of Frames8.9 Slabs8.9.1 Diaphragm Action8.9.2 Ductile Detailing8.10 Staircases8.11 Upstands and Parapets8.12 Shear Walls8.13 Behaviour of Shear Walls8.14 Tall Shear Walls8.14.1 Flexural Strength8.14.2 Shear Strength8.14.3 Construction Joints8.15 Squat Shear Walls8.16 Design of Shear Walls8.17 Restoration and Strengthening8.17.1 Restoration8.17.2 Strengthening8.18 Prestressed Concrete Construction8.18.1 Specifications8.18.2 Characteristics8.19 Precast Concrete Construction9. Steel Buildings9.1 Seismic Behaviour of Structural Steel9.2 Materials and Workmanship9.3 Steel Frames9.3.1 Behaviour of Unbraced Frames9.3.2 Behaviour of Braced Frames9.4 Flexural Members9.4.1 Behaviour under cyclic loading9.5 Frame Members Subjected to Axial Compression and Bending9.5.1 Moment - Curvature Relationship for Columns9.5.2 Behaviour of Columns under Cyclic Loading9.6 Connection Design and Joint Behaviour9.6.1 Detailing of Steel Connections9.6.2 Behaviour of Connections under Cyclic Loading9.7 Steel Panel Zones9.7.1 Deformation Behaviour of Panel Zone9.7.2 Detailing Panel Zone for Seismic Resistance9.7.3 Stiffeners in Panel Zone9.8 Bracing Members9.8.1 Behaviour of Bracing under Cyclic Loading9.9 Loads and load Combinations9.10 Ductile Design of Frame Members9.11 Retrofitting and Strengthening of Structural Steel Frames9.11.1 Retrofitting9.11.2 Strengthening10. Non-Structural Elements10.1 Failure Mechanisms of Non-Structures10.2 Effect of Non-Structural Elements on Structural System10.3 Analysis of Structural Elements10.3.1 Dynamic Analysis10.3.2 Equivalent Static Analysis10.4 Prevention of Non-structural Damage10.4.1 Architectural Components10.4.2 Mechanical and Electrical Components10.5 Isolation of Non-structures10.5.1 Architectural Components10.5.2 Mechanical Components11. Bhuj Earthquake 2001: A case Study11.1 Earthquake Parameters and Effects11.1.1 Geological Effects11.1.2 Geotechnical Effects11.2 Buildings11.2.1 Masonry Buildings11.2.2 Reinforced Concrete Buildings11.2.3 Precast BuildingsAppendices:I Some Significant Earthquakes in IndiaII Seismic Zones in IndiaIII Zone Factor for Some Important Towns in IndiaIV Definitions of Irregular Buildings - Plan IrregularitiesV Definitions of Irregular Buildings - Vertical IrregularitiesVI Determination of Natural Frequencies and Mode ShapesVII Horizontal Seismic Coefficient (?o)VIII Importance Factor (I)IX Soil-foundation Factor (?)X Second-order Effects (P-? Effects)XI Bauschinger effectBibliographyIndex