Earthworm Ecology: From Darwin to Vermiculture by J. SatchellEarthworm Ecology: From Darwin to Vermiculture by J. Satchell

Earthworm Ecology: From Darwin to Vermiculture

byJ. Satchell

Paperback | January 7, 2012

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'Darwin cleared: official' This 1982 Times (7 January) head­ line of a first leader, reporting the astonishing case brought in Arkansas against compulsory teaching of a biblical account of creation, hopefully set at rest doubts about Darwin in the minds of a public confused by media presentations of such unfamiliar concepts as punctuated equilibria, cladism and phenetics. Mud sticks, but Darwin's perturbed ghost may have found some consolation in the concurrent celebrations at Grange-over-Sands, a modest township in Cumbria, UK, of the centenary of the publication of his less controversial book The Formation of Vegetable Mould through the Action of Worms. In the form of a symposium on earthworm ecology, this attracted some 150 participants, predominantly adrenalin-charged research workers in the full heat of peer-group interaction. This book comprises a selection of the more ecologically oriented papers contributed to the symposium, brutally edited in the interests of brevity and thematic continuity. The book opens with an appraisal of Darwin's earthworm work in its historical and philosophical context and relates his views on 'vegetable mould' to current concepts of humus formation. Thereafter, quotations from Darwin made out of piety have been rigorously excluded. Subsequent sections each comprise a review chapter and two or three 'case studies' presenting new data on a related topic.
Title:Earthworm Ecology: From Darwin to VermicultureFormat:PaperbackDimensions:496 pagesPublished:January 7, 2012Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9400959672

ISBN - 13:9789400959675

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Table of Contents

Darwin's Contribution to Earthworm Ecology.- 1 Darwin's Formation of Vegetable Mould- its philosophical basis.- 2 Darwin on earthworms - the contemporary background and what the critics thought.- Earthworms and Organic Matter.- 3 Darwin's 'vegetable mould' and some modern concepts of humus structure and soil aggregation.- 4 Organic matter turnover by earthworms.- 5 Effect of earthworms on the disappearance rate of cattle droppings.- 6 Soil transport as a homeostatic mechanism for stabilizing the earthworm environment.- Earthworm Ecology in Grassland Soils.- 7 Earthworm ecology in grassland soils.- 8 Effect of earthworms on grassland on recently reclaimed polder soils in the Netherlands.- 9 The activities of earthworms and the fates of seeds.- Earthworm Ecology in Cultivated Soils.- 10 Earthworm ecology in cultivated soils.- 11 Nitrogen turnover by earthworms in arable plots treated with farmyard manure and slurry.- 12 Earthworm population dynamics in different agricultural rotations.- Earthworm Ecology in Forest Soils.- 13 Earthworm ecology in forest soil.- 14 Earthworm ecology in deciduous forests in central and southeast Europe.- Earthworm Ecology in Tropical and Arid Soils.- 15 Earthworms of tropical regions -some aspects of their ecology and relationships with soils.- 16 The ecology of earthworms in southern Africa.- 17 Effects of fire on the nutrient content and microfiora of casts of Pheretima alexandri.- Earthworms and Land Reclamation.- 18 Earthworms and land reclamation.- 19 Earthworm ecology in reclaimed opencast coal mining sites in Ohio.- 20 Development of earthworm populations in abandoned arable fields under grazing management.- Earthworms and Soil Pollution.- 21 Heavy metal uptake and tissue distribution III earthworms.- 22 Heavy metals in earthworms in non-contaminated and contaminated agricultural soil from near Vancouver, Canada.- 23 Earthworms and TCDD (2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin) in Seveso.- Utilization of Wastes by Earthworm Culture.- 24 Earthworms as a source of food and drugs.- 25 Assimilation by the earthworm Eisenia jetida.- 26 The culture and use of Perionyx excavatus as a protein resource in the Philippines.- 27 Utilization of Eudrilus eugeniae for disposal of cassava peel.- 28 Cultivation of Eisenia fetida using dairy waste sludge cake.- 29 The earthworm bait market in North America.- 30 A simulation model of earthworm growth and population dynamics: application to organic waste conversion.- Earthworms and Microflora.- 31 Earthworm microbiology.- 32 The effects of fungi on food selection by Lumbricus terrestris (L.).- 33 Introduction of amoebae and Rhizobium japonicum into the gut of Eisenia jetida (Sav.) and Lumbricus terrestris L..- 34 Enterobacter aerogenes infection of Hoplochaetella suctoria.- Earthworms in Food Chains.- 35 Predation on earthworms by terrestrial vertebrates.- 36 Predation on earthworms by the Black-headed gull (Larus ridibundus L.).- 37 Agastrodrilus Omodeo and Vaillaud, a genus of carnivorous earthworms from the Ivory Coast.- Earthworm Evolution and Distribution Patterns.- 38 The establishment of earthworm communities.- 39 The structure of earthworm communities.- Taxonomy and Nomenclature.- 40 The scientific names of earthworms.- 41 A guide to the valid names of Lumbricidae (Oligochaeta).- Systematic index.- General Index.