East Asia: Identities and Change in the Modern World (1700 to Present)

Paperback | September 7, 2007

byR. Keith Schoppa

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In East Asia : Identities and Change in the Modern World, accomplished historian R. Keith Schoppa uses the prism of cultural identities to examine the four countries that make up the East Asian cultural sphere—China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam—from roughly 1700 to the present. This book explores modern East Asian history through the themes of identities and change.

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From the Publisher

In East Asia : Identities and Change in the Modern World, accomplished historian R. Keith Schoppa uses the prism of cultural identities to examine the four countries that make up the East Asian cultural sphere—China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam—from roughly 1700 to the present. This book explores modern East Asian history through the the...

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In East Asia: Identities and Change in the Modern World, accomplished historian R. Keith Schoppa uses the prism of cultural identities to examine the four countries that make up the East Asian cultural sphere—China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam—from roughly 1700 to the present. This book explores modern East Asian history through the them...

Format:PaperbackDimensions:576 pages, 9 × 7.4 × 0.9 inPublished:September 7, 2007Publisher:Pearson EducationLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0132431467

ISBN - 13:9780132431460

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Extra Content

Table of Contents

Chapter One Basic Identities

         The Chasm between the Cultures of Traditional East Asia and the Modern World

                Senses of Time and Space

                Basic Social Unit

                Social Hierarchy

                Social Goals and Patterns

                State and Government

                Ways of Thinking about Life and the World

        Rice Culture: The World of East Asian Agriculture

        Three Ways of Thought in Traditional East Asia





Chapter Two From Multicultural Empire to Semicolony: The Qing Dynasty, 1750—1870

      The Manchus

        Buying into Chinese Culture

                        The Civil Service Examination

                        Rituals, Religion, and Values

        Dealing with the Other

            Identity and Change: The Qianlong Emperor

                Identity Crisis

        Emerging Problems

        The Early Western Role

            China and the West: Mutual Perceptions

            Early-Nineteenth-Century Political and Social Instability

            The Opium Tragedy and War             The Unequal Treaty System

                Foreign Concessions

                        Extraterritoriality with Consular Jurisdiction

                Foreign Ambassadorial Residence

        The Missionary and Cultural Imperialism


Chapter Three  Rebellion and War: The Qing State in Decline, 1850—1901         The Taiping Rebellion (1851—1864): Attempts to Revolutionize Identity

                The Taiping Revolution

                Why the Revolution Failed

        Guerrilla Warfare: The Nian Rebellion (1853—1868)

        Muslims versus Chinese: Clashes in Ethnic Identity


        Russia in China

        Imperialism and China's Tributary States

                Loss of the Liuqin (Ry u—kyu—) Islands

                Vietnam and French Colonialism

                Struggling for Korea

                The Sino-Chinese War, 1894—1895

        The Scramble for Concessions

        The Reform Movement of the 1890s

        The Boxer Catastrophe


Chapter Four  From Tributary Younger Brother to Colony: Vietnam, 1770s—1925

        Patterns in Vietnamese History

        The Tay Son Rebellion

        The Nguyen Dynasty

                The Reigns of the Gia-long and Mmh-mang Emperors

                The Course of French Imperialism

                The Nature of French Colonialism

        The Vietnamese Response to French Control

                Phan Boi Chau (1867—1940) and Phan Chu Trinh (1872—1926)

                Key Journalists and the Identity of a Modern Vietnam

        Schools and Education

        Vietnamese Society in the 1920s

        The Trial of Phan Boi Chau, 1925


Chapter Five  The Tokugawa Regime (1603—1830): Early Modern Japan

        Issues of Identity

        The Tokugawa System

                Controlling the Daimyo

                Other Measures of Control

        Tokugawa Society: The Samurai

        The Floating World

        Tokugawa Society: Peasants

        Tokugawa Political Thought

        Traditional Education

        Values and Attitudes in the Wider Society


Chapter Six  The Last Years of Feudal Japan, 1830—1868

        The Tempo Crises (1830—1844)

                The Famine

                The Threat from Outside

                The Reforms

        The Coming of Perry and Japanese Reactions


        Four Narrative Structures

                Revere the Emperor, Expel the Barbarian (Sonrio-jm)

                Domestic Complications

        Terrorism and Civil War

                The Bases of Chosh u—'s and Satsuma's Power

                The End Game

        The Restoration's Meaning


Chapter Seven  Forging a New Japanese Identity: The Meiji Revolution

        The Charter Oath and Its Revolutionary Impact

        The Satsuma Rebellion

        The People's Rights Movement and the Turn to Representative Government

        The Meiji Constitution

        The Early Years of the Japanese Diet

        Economic Development

        Conservative Reaction

        Japan's Dealing with the Outside World


Chapter Eight  "A Sea in a Heavy Gale": Korea, 1724—1905

        Patterns in Korean History

        The Choson Dynasty: The Scourge of Factionalism

        Invasion: A Sea in a Heavy Gale

        Kings and Princes: The Eighteenth Century

        Catholicism (Western Learning)

        The State of Politics and Society in Mid-Nineteenth-Century Korea

        The Tonghak Movement

        The Era of the Taewon'gun

        The Opening of Korea

        The Independence Club and Reform

        The Fall of the Choson Dynasty


Chapter Nine  Chinese Identity in Turmoil: Reform, Revolution, and Reaction, 1901—1937

        The Revolutionary Manchus

                Educational Reform

                Military Reform


        The Anti-Manchu Revolutionary Movement

        The 1911 Revolution

        The Presidency of Yuan Shikai

        The Power of the Gun

        The May Fourth Movement

        The New Culture Movement

        The Language Revolution

        The May Fourth Incident and Its Aftermath

        Political Change First; Cultural Change Will Follow

        Cultural Change First; Political Change Will Follow

        The Historical Significance of the May Fourth Movement

        The Birth of the Communist Party

        Giving the Guomindang a New Identity

        Things Fall Apart

        The Beginning of Mass Mobilization

        The Northern Expedition

        A Failed Revolution: The Nanjing Years


Chapter Ten  "Grown, But Not Grown Up":  Japan, 1912—1937

        The Taisho-Era Political System

        The Heyday of Political Parties

        Taisho Society

            Japan and the Wider World, 1912—1928

        The Waning of Party Dominance


        The Military and the Revolutionary Right

        Politics and Society in the 1930s

        Japanese Aggression on the March

        The Xi'an Incident

        The Marco Polo Bridge Incident




Chapter Eleven  Under the Imperialist Gun: Vietnam , Korea, and Taiwan

        Vietnam : France's Colony

                The Beginning of the Revolution, 1925—1941

                Searching for New Communities in a Period of Malaise

                The Communist Movement in the 1930s: Like a Yo-Yo

        Korea : Japan's Colony

                The Elimination of a Nation: Korea Becomes Chosen

                Under the Black Umbrella

        Taiwan : Japan's Colony

                Resistance and Suppression

                The Beginning of Modernization

                A More Liberal Colonialism

                Colonial Policies during the War (1937—1945)


Chapter Twelve  Cataclysm: East Asia in World War II         The Course of the War in China

                The War in Central China

                The War hi North China

                Keeping the Pressure on Jiang

                The Ichigo Offensive

        The Exodus

        Soldiers and the Military


        Wartime Guomindang China

        The United States and China during the War

        Japan's Greater East Asia Co- Prosperity Sphere

        The Pacific War

        The Japanese Home Front

        Wartime Experiences in Korea and Taiwan

        The Firebombmgs

        The End Game


Chapter Thirteen  From Success to Tragedy: The Chinese Communist Revolution, 1931— 1976

        Years in the Wilderness: Incipient Revolution

        The Communists at Yan'an, 1937—1945

        The Civil War

        The People's Republic: Successes, 1949—1957

            Land Reform

                Revolution in the Family

                Urban Revolution

                The First Five-Year Plan

        The War in Korea, 1950—1953

        The Hundred Flowers Movement and the Antirightist Campaign

        The Great Leap Forward (and Backward)

            The Great Famine, 1959—1961

        The Sino-Soviet Split

        The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, 1966—1976

        Mao in Retrospect


Chapter Fourteen  The Phoenix: Japan, 1945—1973

        The Occupation

        Japanese Political Developments, 1952—1973: "The More Things Change . . ."

                The Yoshida Years

                Conservatism and Polarization, 1954—1960

        The Era of Good Feelings: Ikeda's Plan

        Sato Eisaku (1964—1972): Economic Growth and Healing the Scars of War

        Why the Economic "Miracle"?

        The New Activism


Chapter Fifteen   The Korean Tragedy: War and Identity, 1945—1979

        The Korean People's Republic and Its Demise

        Laying the Groundwork for Disaster, 1945—1948

        Emergence of the States of North Korea and South Korea

        The Korean War, 1950—1953

        The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), 1953—1979

                The Supreme Brain of the Nation"

                Economic Developments

                Emphasizing and Expanding the Military

        The Republic of Korea (ROK): Autocrats, 1953—1979

                The Years of Park Chung-hee (1961—1979)

        Relations between North and South


Chapter Sixteen  The Vietnam Wars, 1941—1975

        The Viet Minh and the August Revolution

        The French War, 1946—1954

        The Geneva Accords, 1954

        The Republic of Vietnam, 1954—1968

                Ngo Dinh Diem and "Nation-Building"

                The Insurgency: The National Liberation Front

        Changing Civil War into an American War

        The Democratic Republic of Vietnam, 1954—1968

            War, 1968—1975

        The End Game


Chapter Seventeen  Socialism with a Chinese and a Vietnamese Face, 1980s to the Present

        China : Reform and Reaction

        Opening the Window to the World

        Political Authoritarianism

                Democracy Wall (1978—1979)

                Exit Hu Yaobang (1986—1987)

        The Democracy Movement (Beijing Spring, 1989)

                The Aftermath: Sino-American Relations

        Economics in Command

        Chinese International Relations: An Overview

        Greater China: Issues of Identity

                Special Administrative Regions: Hong Kong and Macao

                Autonomous Regions: Tibet and Xingjiang

                China and the East Asian Region

                Dealing with the Soviet Union (Russia After 1991)

        The Socialist Republic of Vietnam


Chapter Eighteen  Whither Japan? From the 1970s to the Present

        LDP Hegemony, 1972—1987

        Japan and the United States: Trade, Mutual Perceptions, and Culture Clash

        The New Affluence

        The End of the Showa Era

        After Nakasone


                Economic Collapse

                Dysfunctional Japanese Politics

        The Process of Political Decision Making

        Japan in the World

                The United States


                The Koreas

                Southeast Asia

                The Soviet Union (Russia After 1991)

                The Middle East



Chapter Nineteen A "Democracy" in the South, a "Hermit Kingdom" in the North: Korea, 1980s to the Present

        The South

                Sunday, Bloody Sunday

                Chun's "Fifth Republic," 1981—1987

                The Presidency of Roh Tae-woo (1988—1993)

                The Presidency of Kim Young-sam (1993—1998)

                Economic Crisis of the Late 1990s

                The Presidency of Kim Dae-jung (1998—2003)

        The North

        Relations Between North and South Korea from the 1980s On

        North Korea, the United States, Japan, and Nuclear Weapons


Chapter Twenty   Contemporary East Asian Identities: Commonalities and Differences

        Consumerism and the Culture of Consumption





                The Koreas

        Environmental Crises

        The Family and Gender Relations





                The Koreas

        Political Culture at Century's Beginning





                North Korea

                South Korea


Phonetic Spelling of Chinese, Korean, Japanese, and Vietnamese Words