East of Asia Minor: Romes Hidden Frontier

Paperback | December 22, 2016

byTimothy Bruce Mitford

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The north-eastern frontier of the Roman Empire - one of the great gaps in modern knowledge of the ancient world - has long eluded research. It has defied systematic exploration and been insulated against all but passing survey by wars, instability, political sensitivities, language, and theregion's wild, remote mountains, mostly accessible only on horseback or on foot. Its path lay across eastern Turkey, following the Euphrates valley northwards from Syria, through gorges and across great ranges, and passing over the Pontic Alps to reach the further shores of the Black Sea. Vespasianestablished Rome's frontier against Armenia half a century before Hadrian's Wall. Five times as long, and climbing seven times as high, it was garrisoned ultimately by four legions and a large auxiliary army, stationed in intermediate forts linked by military roads. The two volumes of East of Asia Minor: Rome's Hidden Frontier - based on research, field work conducted largely on foot, and new discoveries - document the topography, monuments, inscriptions, and sighted coins of the frontier, looking in detail at strategic roads, bridges, forts, watch andsignalling systems, and navigation of the Euphrates itself. Study of the terrain provides a foundation for interpreting the literary and epigraphic evidence for the frontier and its garrisons. Military activity, which extended to the Caucasus and the Caspian, is placed in the context of climate,geography, and inter-regional trade routes. 28 colour maps and over 350 photographs, plans, and travellers' sketches not only document the history of eastern Turkey as a frontier region of the Roman empire, but also reveal an ancient way of life, still preserved during the 1960s and 1970s, but nowalmost obliterated by the developments of the modern world.

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The north-eastern frontier of the Roman Empire - one of the great gaps in modern knowledge of the ancient world - has long eluded research. It has defied systematic exploration and been insulated against all but passing survey by wars, instability, political sensitivities, language, and theregion's wild, remote mountains, mostly access...

Timothy Bruce Mitford is an Associate Member of the Corpus Christi College Centre for the Study of Greek and Roman Antiquity at the University of Oxford and Commander, Royal Navy.
Format:PaperbackDimensions:1024 pages, 10.87 × 8.62 × 0.01 inPublished:December 22, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198725175

ISBN - 13:9780198725176

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Table of Contents

VOLUME IForewordPrefaceList of Maps, Plates, and FiguresAncient Sources1. The Geography and Climate of the Frontier and Adjacent Areas2. Historical Outline3. The Course of the LimesCommagene3.1 SamasotaCappadocia3.2 The Taurus3.3 The Taurus Gorge3.4 East of Melitene: The Euphrates Crossing3.5 Melitene3.6 North of Melitene: Ciaca3.7 The Basin of the Arabkir and#x00C7;ay: Dascusa3.8 The Southern Approaches to the Antitaurus: Sabus3.9 The Antitaurus3.10 The Antitaurus GorgeArmenia Minor3.11 From the and#x00C7;alti and#x00C7;ay to the Karabudak: Zimara3.12 The Road System of Armenia Minor3.13 Per Ripam to Satala3.14 From the Euphrates to Nicopolis3.15 Nicopolis and the Support Roads to Satala3.16 3.17 Across the Mountains to SatalaSatalaPontus3.18 The Pontic Mountains3.19 Trapezus3.20 The Pontic CoastVOLUME II4. The Garrison4.1 The Legionary Garrison4.1.1 XII Fulminata4.1.2 XVI Flavia Firma4.1.3 XV Apollinaris4.1.4 I Pontica4.1.2 The Auxilia4.2.1 Alae4.2.2 Cohorts5. Coin Finds6. InscriptionsAppendix 1: Ancient Geographical SourcesAppendix 2: Notitia Dignitatum: Dux Armeniae (Oriens 38)Appendix 3: Turkish Place-names, Maps, and MeaningsAppendix 4: Notes on Provisions, Transport, and Population in Late Ottoman TimesAppendix 5: Beyond the Euphrates: Some Points of TopographyJournals and Book AbbreviationsBibliographyIndex 1: EpigraphicIndex 2: TopographicalIndex 3: General