Ecological Responses to the 1980 Eruption of Mount St. Helens

Paperback | May 20, 2005

EditorVirginia H. Dale, Frederick J. SwansonForeword byJ.F. Franklin

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The eruption of Mount St. Helens on May 18, 1980, had a momentous impact on the fungal, plant, animal, and human life from the mountain to the far reaches of the explosion's ash cloud and mudflows. Although this intense natural event caused loss of substantial life and property, it also created a unique opportunity to examine a huge disturbance of natural systems and their subsequent responses. Based on one of the most studied areas of volcanic activity, Ecological Responses to the 1980 Eruption of Mount St. Helens synthesizes the ecological research that has been conducted for twenty-five years since the eruption. Research from geology as well as plant and animal ecology has been integrated in this unprecedented look at the complex interactions of biological and physical systems in the response of the volcanic landscape. Lessons from the volcano inform our larger understanding of ecosystem disturbances, natural processes, and the impact of land-use practices. Included are results of significant and long-term research on vegetation, mycorrhizae, plant and animal interactions, arthropods, amphibians, mammals, fish, lakes, nutrient cycling, geomorphology, and environmental management. This comprehensive account will be of value to those interested in natural history, ecology, disturbance, conservation biology, limnology, geoscience, and land management. Questions about what actually happens when a volcano erupts, what the immediate and long-term dangers are, and how life reasserts itself in the environment are discussed in full detail.About the Editors:Virginia Dale is a Corporate Fellow in the Environmental Sciences Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. She is also an adjunct faculty member in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Tennessee. Fred Swanson is a Research Geologist at the USDA Forest Service Pacific NW Research Station in Corvallis, OR. Charles Crisafulli is an Ecologist at the USDA Forest Service Pacific Northwest Research Station in Olympia, WA.  2007 Award of Excellence:Springer is pleased to announce that the editors and authors of Ecological Responses to the 1980 Eruption of Mount St. Helens have won the 2007 Technical Publication Award from the Society of Technical Communication, Willamette Valley Chapter.Springer is pleased to announce that the editors and authors of Ecological Responses to the 1980 Eruption of Mount St. Helens have won a 2007 Merit Award in the "Books" category of the Society for Technical Communication's (STC) International Technical Publications Competition. To read the press release, click on this link: http://www.springer-sbm.com/index.php?id=291&backPID=132&L=0&tx_tnc_news=3309&cHash=64b44bbd74

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The eruption of Mount St. Helens on May 18, 1980, had a momentous impact on the fungal, plant, animal, and human life from the mountain to the far reaches of the explosion's ash cloud and mudflows. Although this intense natural event caused loss of substantial life and property, it also created a unique opportunity to examine a huge di...

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The eruption of Mount St. Helens on May 18, 1980, had a momentous impact on the fungal, plant, animal, and human life from the mountain to the far reaches of the explosion's ash cloud and mudflows. Although this intense natural event caused loss of substantial life and property, it also created a unique opportunity to examine a huge di...

Virginia Dale is a Corporate Fellow in the Environmental Sciences Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.  She is also an adjunct faculty member in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Tennessee. Fred Swanson is a Research Geologist at the USDA Forest Service Pacific NW Research Station in Corvall...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:362 pages, 10.98 × 8.5 × 0 inPublished:May 20, 2005Publisher:Springer New YorkLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0387238506

ISBN - 13:9780387238500

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Table of Contents

Foreword.- Disturbance ecology.- Geological and ecological setting before May 18, 1980.- Geophysical environments & events at Mt. St. Helens since March 1980.- Spatial & temporal stratified analysis of landscape-scale vegetation change during the first 20 years following the eruptions.- Plant recovery in forest understories of the tephra- fall zone.- Vegetation recovery on volcanic mudflows.- Plant succession on the debris avalanche.- Proximity effects, microsites & biotic interactions during early primary succession.- Ups & downs of a biological mutualism: mycorrhizae & Mt. St. Helens.- The importance of herbivores in early primary succession at Mt. St. Helens.- Arthropods as pioneer (primary) colonists of the blast zone.- Post-eruption arthropod succession on Mt. St. Helens: ground-dwelling beetle fauna (Coleoptera).- Fish responses & recovery in systems impacted by the 1980 eruptions.- Resistance & resilience of an amphibian assemblage to catastrophic disturbance at Mt. St. Helens.- Reorganization of avian assemblages on lands impacted by the 1980 eruptions.- Small mammal colonization on Mt. St. Helens 1980-2000.- Response & recovery of lakes in the blast zone.- Policy implications.- Synthesis.

Editorial Reviews

From the reviews:"On May 18, 1980, Mount St. Helens in Washington state erupted violently . . In 20 chapters written by 48 contributors, this book provides an overview of the ecological and geological setting before the 1980 eruption and the geophysical environment created afterward. . A major contribution to disturbance ecology, this book belongs on every ecologist's bookshelf. Summing Up: Highly recommended. Lower-level undergraduates through faculty/researchers." (R. L. Smith, CHOICE, November, 2005)"The eruption of Mt. St. Helens in 1980 was one of the most significant events of recent times. It allowed us to haven an almost unprecedented chance to examine ecological processes . . This is a fascinating book. It provides one of the very few detailed accounts of change. . It follows that for those interested in this study, this is a crucial text. Mt. St. Helens makes a superb case study: this text makes the work accessible for those outside the immediate research community." (TENews, August, 2005)"The eruption of the Mount St. Helens in May 1980 was the most spectacular eruption since that of Krakatau in 1880 . . Due to the great progress in science, it was possible to organize immediately systematic and very complex research, results of which are comprehensively presented in the book published for 25th anniversary of the eruption. . The book is relevant not only for ecological theory, but also for practical restoration of disturbed sties. Moreover, one can read the book as a thrilling story." (Karel Prach, Folia Geobotanica, Vol. 41 (4), 2006)