Ecological Significance of the Interactions Among Clay Minerals, Organic Matter and Soil Biota

Other | June 1, 2002

byViolante, A., A. Violante

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Volume B covers the ecological significance of the interactions among clay minerals, organic matter and soil biota. Soil is a dynamic system in which soil minerals constantly interact with organic matter and microorganisms. Close association among abiotic and biotic entities governs several chemical and biogeochemical processes and affects bioavailability, speciation, toxicity, transformations and transport of xenobiotics and organics in soil environments. This book elaborates critical research and an integrated view on basic aspects of mineral weathering reactions; formation and surface reactivity of soil minerals with respect to nutrients and environmental pollutants; dynamics and transformation of metals, metalloids, and natural and anthropogenic organics; effects of soil colloids on microorganisms and immobilization and activity of enzymes, and metabolic processes, growth and ecology of microbes. It offers up-to-date information on the impact of such a processes on soil development, agricultural production, environmental protection, and ecosystem integrity.

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623435-28b.gifVolume B covers the ecological significance of the interactions among clay minerals, organic matter and soil biota. Soil is a dynamic system in which soil minerals constantly interact with organic matter and microorganisms. Close association among abiotic and biotic entities governs several chemical and biogeochemical pro...

Format:OtherDimensions:454 pages, 1 × 1 × 1 inPublished:June 1, 2002Publisher:Elsevier ScienceLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0080930034

ISBN - 13:9780080930039

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Table of Contents

Preface. Clays and Humic Acids Affect Persistence and Biological Activity of Insecticidal Proteins from Bacillus Thuringiensis in Soil (G. Stotzky). Microbial Ecology of Soil Biofilms: Substrate Bioavailability, Bioremediation and Complexity (R.G. Burns, J.E.M. Stach). Biogeochemistry of Phosphorus, Iron, and Trace Elements in Soils as Influenced by Soil-Plant-Microbial Interactions (A.C. Chang et al.). Adsorption of the Insecticidal Toxin from Bacillus Thuringiensis Subspecies Tenebrionis to Clay Fractions of Tropical Soils (P. Muchaonyerwaet al.). Toxins from Bacillus Thuringiensis Subsp. Israelensis Sorbed on Clays: Persistence and Activity Against the Mosquito Culex Pipiens (P. Gonzálezet al.). Soil Ecosystem Properties, Microbial Diversity, and Ecosystem Assessments (R.L. Tate III, B.F. Rogers). Effects of Soil Abiotic Processes on the Bioavailability of Anthropogenic Organic Residues (P. Ruggieroet al.). Interactions of Minerals-Organic Matter-Living Organisms on the Fate of Allelochemicals and Xenobiotics in Soil: A Methodological Evaluation (H.H. Cheng, W.C. Koskinen). Environmental Effect of Metsulfuron-Methyl on the Size of Microbial Biomass and N-Mineralization in a Loamy Sand Soil (A.M. El-Ghamryet al.). Transformation and Binding of 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene in Soil Amended with Activated Carbon (G.K. Vasilyevaet al.). Phytoremediation of Oil-Contaminated Soils (J.J. Germidaet al.). Secondary Mobilization of Heavy Metals in Polluted Soils under Microbial Influence (Model Experiment) (A.Yu. Bespalovaet al.). Microbial Biomass Response to Heavy Metals in the Field (C. Gigliotti, A. Farini). Role of Fire on Soil Organic Matter Turnover and Microbial Activity in a Mediterranean Burned Area (F.A. Rutiglianoet al.). Soil Development and Microbial Community along an Altitudinal Transect in Trentino Mountains (M. Castaldiniet al.). Soil Microbial Activity in Three Evergreen Oak (Quercus ilex) Woods in a Mediterranean Area (S. Papaet al.). A Method to Recover Salmonella from Compost by IMS-PCR (M. Civilini). Study of Temporal Variability in the Microbial Community of Two Forest Soils: Biomass and Activity (C. Gigliotti, A. Farini). Effect of Cu2+ and Hg2+ on Gene Transfer by Transformation and Transduction in Bacillus subtilis (M. Franchiet al.). Cadmium and Zinc Toxicity to Soil Microbial Biomass and Activity (G. Renellaet al.). Impact of Tillage Practices on Seasonal Nitrate Dynamics, Leaching and Microbial Activity in a Crop Rotation
(R. Papiniet al.). Characterization of Enzymatic or Abiotic Immobilization of Xenobiotics in Soil (J.-M. Bollaget al.). Enzymes in Soil: Properties, Behavior and Potential Applications (L. Gianfredaet al.). Response of Organic Matter Pools and Enzyme Activities in Particle Size Fractions to Organic Amendments in a Long-Term Field Experiment (M.H. Gerzabeket al.). Indirect Approaches for Assessing Intracellular Arylsulfatase Activity in Soil (F. Fornasier). Changes in Soil Organic Matter, Enzymatic Activities and Heavy Metal Availability Induced by Application of Organic Residues (P. Burgoset al.). Oxygenase Systems in an Oligotrophic Bacterial Community of a Subsurface Water Polluted by BTEX (L. Cavalcaet al.). Lichen-Rock Interactions and Bioformation of Minerals (P. Adamoet al.). Soil Humic Acids Formation and Characteristics in a Xeric Mollisol Reforested with two Tree Species (M.T. Dell'Abateet al.). Energy Use in the A and B Horizons of the Soil under a Pine and a Cedar Stand (F. Pinzariet al.). Future Perspectives on the Environment and Human Health Interactions (C. De Kimpe). Index.