Economic Progress and the Environment: One Developing Countrys Policy Crisis

Hardcover | March 1, 1987

byDouglas Southgate, Morris Whitaker

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This book provides a probing examination of problems unique to the world's poorest countries as they attempt to achieve environmentally sound economic development. Using Ecuador as an example, the authors present six case studies that focus on tropical deforestation, farmland degradation,inefficient water resource development, oil industry pollution in Amazonian rainforests, disturbance of coastal ecosystems, and management of the Galapagos Islands. The authors argue throughout the book that fundamental policy reforms are needed both to meet the challenge of mounting resourcescarcity and to achieve sustainable economic progress. They also make the case that resource users' property rights must be strengthened, market forces given freer reign, and investment stepped up in human capital and in the rural economy's scientific and technological base. Finally, the bookprovides support for the notion that economic development and environmental conservation can be complementary provided that intelligent policies are implemented. The book will be useful to development and resource economists, resource management specialists, and conservation professionals. Thesecases also offer valuable insights for environmentally concerned general readers.

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This book provides a probing examination of problems unique to the world's poorest countries as they attempt to achieve environmentally sound economic development. Using Ecuador as an example, the authors present six case studies that focus on tropical deforestation, farmland degradation,inefficient water resource development, oil ind...

Douglas Southgate is at Ohio State University. Morris Whitaker is at Utah State University.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:160 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.98 inPublished:March 1, 1987Publisher:Oxford University Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195087860

ISBN - 13:9780195087864

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Table of Contents

Part I: Causes of Renewable Resource Degradation1. Environmental Crisis in the Latin American Countryside1.1. Outline of the Book1.2. The Study's Geographic Focus2. Causes of Increasing Resource Scarcity2.1. Population Growth2.2. Internal Migration2.3. Income Growth2.4. Increasing Domestic Demand for Agricultural Commodoties2.5. Macroeconomic and Sectoral Policies and Performance of the Agricultural Economy2.6. The Challenge of Increasing Scarcity3. Policy Crisis and Environmental Degradation3.1. Discriminatory Macroeconomic and Sectoral POlicies3.2. Factor Market Distortions3.3. Failure to Invest in the Rural Economy's Scientific Base3.4. Labor Markets and the Environment3.5. An Ideal Set of Policies for Environmental DegredationPart II: Case Studies4. Tropical Deforestation4.1. Historical Trends4.2. Current Magnitude4.3. Net Returns4.4. Causes of Agricultural Colonization4.5. Summary and Conclusions5. Farmland Degradation5.1. Soil Erosion and Its Origins5.2. On-Farm Consequences of Soil Loss5.3. Why Farmers Allow Their Land to Deteriorate5.4. Land Degredation and Declining Commodity Prices6. Waste and Misallocation of Water Resources6.1. Water Resources for Agriculture6.2. The Water Law and INHERHI6.3. Irrigation Projects6.4. Hydroelectricity Development6.5. Potable Water Systems6.6. Water Resource Degredation6.7. Summary and Conclusions7. Oil Industry Pollution in the Ecuadorian Amazon7.1. Environmental Impacts7.2. Current Regulatory Environment7.3. The International Controversy Surrounding Development of Block 167.4. The Economic of Pollution Control7.5. Summary and Conclusions8. Shrimp Mariculture and Coastal Ecosystems8.1. Alteration of Coastal Ecosystems8.2. Consequences of Coastal Ecosystem Disturbance8.3. Causes of Environmental Degredation Along the Ecuadorian Coast8.4. The Future of Ecuadorian Mariculture and the Country's Coastal Ecosystems9. Tourism and Species Preservation in the Galapagos9.1. A Short History of the Galapagos9.2. Conservation Initiatives9.3. The Growth of Tourism9.4. Tourism Pricing Issues9.5. ConclusionsPart III: Conclusions and Recommendations10. Development and the Environment: Some Common Fallacies10.1. Will Population Growth Outstrip What the Environment Can Support?10.2. Does Economic Growth Always Harm the Environment?10.3. Is Economic Liberalization Inherently Unfair to Nature and the Poor?10.4. Does Ecuador Have the Fiscal Capacity for Sustainable Development?11. Resolving the Policy Crisis11.1. Non-Discriminatory Macroeconomic and Sectoral Policies11.2. Efficient Markets for Natural Resources and Other Inouts11.3. Formation of Human Capital and Strengthening the Rural Economy's Scientific Base11.4. The Challenge of ReformReferences

Editorial Reviews

"In 130 elegant pages [Southgate and Whitaker] have produced one of the most persuasive contributions of environmental economics to development policy to appear in recent years . . . . The exposition is largely accessible to non-specialists. The book is highly recommended to all students ofdevelopment, applied environmental economists, and policy-makers."--Development Policy Review