Ecosystem Dynamics of the Boreal Forest: The Kluane Project

Hardcover | March 15, 2001

EditorCharles J. Krebs, Stan Boutin, Rudy Boonstra

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The boreal forest is one of the world's great ecosystems, stretching across North America and Eurasia in an unbroken band and containing about 25% of the world's closed canopy forests. The Kluane Boreal Forest Ecosystem Project was a 10-year study by nine of Canada's leading ecologists tounravel the impact of the snowshoe hare cycle on the plants and the other vertebrate species in the boreal forest. In much of the boreal forest, the snowshoe hare acts as a keystone herbivore, fluctuating in 9-10 year cycles, and dragging along secondary cycles in predators such as lynx andgreat-horned owls. By manipulating the ecosystem on a large scale from the bottom via fertilizer additions and from the top by predator exclosures, they have traced the plant-herbivore relationships and the predator-prey relationships in this ecosystem to try to answer the question of what drivessmall mammal population cycles. This study is unique in being large scale and experimental on a relatively simple ecosystem, with the overall goal of defining what determines community structure in the boreal forest. Ecosystem Dynamics of the Boreal Forest: The Kluane Project summarizes these findings, weaving new discoveries of the role of herbivores-turned-predators, compensatory plant growth, and predators-eating-predators with an ecological story rich in details and clear in its findings of a community wherepredation plays a key role in determining the fate of individuals and populations. The study of the Kluane boreal forest raises key questions about the scale of conservation required for boreal forest communities and the many mammals and birds that live there.

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The boreal forest is one of the world's great ecosystems, stretching across North America and Eurasia in an unbroken band and containing about 25% of the world's closed canopy forests. The Kluane Boreal Forest Ecosystem Project was a 10-year study by nine of Canada's leading ecologists tounravel the impact of the snowshoe hare cycle on...

Charles J. Krebs is at University of British Columbia, Vancouver. Stan Boutin is at University of Alberta, Edmonton.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:544 pages, 9.41 × 7.25 × 0.98 inPublished:March 15, 2001Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195133935

ISBN - 13:9780195133936

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Table of Contents

ContributorsPART I INTRODUCTION1. Charles J. Krebs: General Introduction2. Charles J. Krebs and Rudy Boonstra: The Kluane Region3. A.R.E. Sinclair and Charles J. Krebs: Trophic Interactions, Community Organizations, and the Kluane Ecosystem4. Stan Boutin et al: Experimental Design and Practical Problems of ImplementationPART II PLANT DYNAMICS5. Roy Turkington et al: Herbs and Grasses6. Charles Krebs et al: Shrubs7. Mark R. T. Dale et al: TreesPART III HERBIVORES8. Snowshoe Hare Demography9. Rudy Boonstra et al: The Role of Red Squirrels and Arctic Ground Squirrels10. Rudy Boonstra: Voles Mice11. Kathy Martin et al: Forest Grouse and Ptarmigan12. James N. M. Smith and Nicholas F.G. Folkard: Other Herbivores and Small Predators: Arthropods, Birds, and MammalsPART IV MAMMALIAN PREDATORS13. Mark O'Donoghue et al: Coyotes and Lynx14. Mark O'Donoghue et al: Other Mammalian PredatorsPART V AVIAN PREDATORS15. Christoph Rohner et al: Great Horned Owls16. Frank I. Doyle and James N.M. Smith: Raptors and ScavengersPART VI COMMUNITY AND ECOSYSTEM ORGANIZATION17. A.R.E. Sinclair: Testing Hypotheses of Community Organization for Kluane Ecosystem18. David Choquenot et al: Vertebrate Community Structure in the Boreal Forest: Modeling the Effects of Trophic Interaction19. Jennifer L. Ruesink: Trphic Mass Flow Models of the Kluane Boreal Forest Ecosystem20. Charles J. Krebs et al: Conclusions and Future DirectionsAppendix 1Appendix 2Index

Editorial Reviews

"Just as every picture tells a story, so too does every scientific project. This book is the story of the Kluane Boreal Forest Ecosystem Project, told brilliantly by the researchers who toiled for ten years from 1986 to uncover the drama and complexity of this Canadian ecosystem. ... Thistype of project is ... exactly what is needed to enable ecologists to help politicians manage the biological diversity of the Earth when faced with a growing population ... Before the Kluane Project we had no role model--now we have one."--Nature