Educational Foundations in Canada

Paperback | November 18, 2014

byAlan Edmunds, Jodi NickelEditorKen Badley

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Educational Foundations in Canada takes a comprehensive look at the sociological, philosophical, historical, legal, and political factors that impact classroom experiences. Embedded throughout this discussion are practical insights and advice drawn from the authors' own extensive teachingexperience. This thought-provoking and thorough introduction is an indispensable resource for teachers both during their pre-service years and throughout their careers.

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Educational Foundations in Canada takes a comprehensive look at the sociological, philosophical, historical, legal, and political factors that impact classroom experiences. Embedded throughout this discussion are practical insights and advice drawn from the authors' own extensive teachingexperience. This thought-provoking and thorough ...

Alan Edmunds is an associate professor in the Faculty of Education at Western University. His teaching emphasis is on helping aspiring teachers understand and construct exemplary teaching methods while his research focus is on the study of highly precocious and gifted children, and developing models for the design and implementation o...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:384 pages, 10 × 8 × 0.52 inPublished:November 18, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195433807

ISBN - 13:9780195433807

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Table of Contents

1. Teaching as Reflective PracticeBecoming a Really Good TeacherThe Teacher's AttitudeWhat Is Reflective Practice?- The Role of Research in Reflective Practice- Theory and Practice ConnectionsWhy Engage in Reflective Practice?Case Study: Teachers' Perspectives on Reflective Practice- Expert TeachersHow to Engage in Reflective Practice- Perspective Taking- My Teaching Log- Suggestions for Engaging in Reflective PracticeExemplary Teaching- Teaching with a Moral Purpose- The Values of Teaching and Education- Common Practices among Highly Effective Teachers2. Classroom ManagementClassroom and Behaviour Management- Problem Behaviour- Ineffective Approaches to Classroom Management- Obstacles to Effective Classroom Management- The Emotional Needs of Students- Case Study: I Like You, but Not What You're Doing- Teacher Orientations to DisciplineClassroom Discipline Models- Behaviour Modification- Assertive Discipline- Logical Consequences- Reality/Choice TherapyTeacher Behaviours That Diminish Student Behavioural ProblemsPositive Behaviour Intervention Support- The Effectiveness of PBISDynamic Classroom Management: The Application of Positive Support Theory- Features of Good Classroom Management Plans- A Model for Classroom Management- Principles of Evaluation- DCM Program Fidelity- Evaluation of DCM3. Curriculum: Designing Meaningful Learning ExperiencesTypes of CurriculumCurriculum Ideologies and Influences- Religious Orthodox Ideologies- Case Study: Religious Teaching in Schools- Rational Humanism- Social Efficiency Ideology- Progressivism- Critical Theory- Reconceptualism- Cognitive PluralismCurriculum in CanadaCurriculum Planning- The Role of Objectives and Outcomes in Curriculum Planning- Backward Design in Curriculum Planning- Selecting Curriculum Priorities- Case Study: A Learning Experience Guided by Specific Learning ObjectivesDeep Understanding and Transfer- Intellectual Engagement and Deep Understanding- Case Study: Intellectual Engagement through an Interdisciplinary Unit- Problem-, Project-, and Inquiry-Based Learning- Disciplinary ThinkingStrategy and Skill InstructionCurriculum Dilemmas4. Classroom Assessment and Student EvaluationCurricular Planning- Instructional PlanningDetermining Exactly What to Teach: Learning Objectives and Lesson Plans- Bloom's Taxonomy- Stiggins's Achievement TargetsChoosing Effective Instructional Practices- Case Study: My Preferred Instructional Mechanisms- How People Learn (HPL) Framework- Direct Instruction- Case Study: Using Direct Instruction in the ClassroomAssessment- Deciding on an Approach to Assessment- Case Study: Talking to Students about AssessmentAssessment of Student Learning- The Purposes of Assessment- The Assessment Design Process- Testing Issues- Types of Assessment Questions- Case Study: My Use of Assessment Tools- Checklists, Rating Scales, and Rubrics- Authentic Activities, Problems, and Questions- Evaluating Teacher-Based Assessments- Standardized Achievement Testing5. The History of EducationApproaches to the History of EducationAncient Education- Spartan Education- Athenian Education- Roman Education- Oriental EducationMedieval and Renaissance Education- Church Control of Education- High Medieval Education and the Scholastics- The Medieval Curriculum- The Eclipse of the Medieval WorldviewEducation in the Modern Period- Richard Mulcaster- Wolfgang Ratke- Jean-Jacques Rousseau- Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi- Johann Friedrich Herbart- Friedrich Froebel- Maria Montessori- John Dewey- Developments in German Schooling- Developments in American SchoolingCanadian Education- Newfoundland- Upper Canada- New France, Lower Canada, and Quebec- The Manitoba Schools QuestionConclusionContemporary Movements in Educational History- Tightened Educational Funding- Assessment- Higher Professional Standards for Teachers- The Digital Revolution6. The Philosophical Roots of EducationBranches of Philosophy- Metaphysics- Epistemology- AxiologyMajor Philosophical Systems- Idealism- Realism- Existentialism- PragmatismNormative Philosophies of Education- Case Study: Preservice Teachers' Beliefs and Assumptions about Teaching and Learning- Perennialism- Essentialism- Progressivism- Social Reconstructionism- Comparing Philosophies of EducationFraming Your Own Philosophy- Case Study: A Preservice Teacher's Philosophy Statement- Case Study: An Experienced Teacher's Philosophy7. Diversity and the Sociocultural Influences on TeachingSocial Class- Theoretical Perspectives on Social Class- Case Study: Reproduction of Social ClassCultural Diversity- "Race" and RacismCanadian Diversity Policies- Canadian Immigration Trends- Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms- Multicultural Policies in CanadaDiversity within the Classroom- Teacher Diversity in Canada- Student Diversity in Canada- Cross-Cultural Communication- Diversity Issues and Teachers' Blind Spots- Multiculturalism and Antiracist Education- Case Study: Accessing the Culture of Power8. The Legal, Economic, and Political Aspects of EducationThe Core Cycle of Teaching Activities Governing Canadian Education- The Constitutional Provisions for Education- Uniquely Canadian Patterns in Educational Provision- School Acts and Education Acts- Provincial and Territorial Departments of Education- Local School Boards- School Councils- Who Inspects the School? Evaluation and Accountability- First Nations Education- Case Study: Residential Schools in Cinema- Who Really Runs Canadian Schools?Funding Canadian Education- Funding Public and Separate Schools- Funding Formulas in Canadian Provinces- Funding Independent Schools- Case Study: Funding Independent Schools in British ColumbiaTeachers and Their Work- Teacher Education in Canada- Teacher Certification and Mobility- Entering the Profession: New Teacher Induction- Collective Agreements and Teachers' Rights- Teacher Contracts and Salaries- Teacher's Standards and Ethics- Case Study: Codes of Conduct from British Columbia and Ontario- How Teachers Are EvaluatedCurriculum and Students- Determining Curriculum: A Shared Responsibility- Taking Attendance- The School Year in CanadaAppendix: Dynamic Classroom Management Case StudyGlossaryReferencesIndex

Editorial Reviews

"Educational Foundations in Canada is very thorough. It addresses all of the major issues that a teacher candidate or beginning teacher needs to reflect upon. . . . I also like the pan-Canadian focus." --Paul Orlowski, University of Saskatchewan