Effective Grading: A Tool for Learning and Assessment in College by Barbara E. WalvoordEffective Grading: A Tool for Learning and Assessment in College by Barbara E. Walvoord

Effective Grading: A Tool for Learning and Assessment in College

byBarbara E. Walvoord, Virginia Johnson Anderson

Paperback | November 16, 2009

Pricing and Purchase Info

$53.67 online 
$54.00 list price
Earn 268 plum® points
Quantity:

In stock online

Ships free on orders over $25

Not available in stores

about

The second edition of Effective Grading—the book that has become a classic in the field—provides a proven hands-on guide for evaluating student work and offers an in-depth examination of the link between teaching and grading. Authors Barbara E. Walvoord and Virginia Johnson Anderson explain that grades are not isolated artifacts but part of a process that, when integrated with course objectives, provides rich information about student learning, as well as being a tool for learning itself. The authors show how the grading process can be used for broader assessment objectives, such as curriculum and institutional assessment.

This thoroughly revised and updated edition includes a wealth of new material including:

  • Expanded integration of the use of technology and online teaching
  • A sample syllabus with goals, outcomes, and criteria for student work

  • New developments in assessment for grant-funded projects

  • Additional information on grading group work, portfolios, and service-learning experiences

  • New strategies for aligning tests and assignments with learning goals

  • Current thought on assessment in departments and general education, using classroom work for program assessments, and using assessment data systematically to "close the loop"

  • Material on using the best of classroom assessment to foster institutional assessment

  • New case examples from colleges and universities, including community colleges

"When the first edition of Effective Grading came out, it quickly became the go-to book on evaluating student learning. This second edition, especially with its extension into evaluating the learning goals of departments and general education programs, will make it even more valuable for everyone working to improve teaching and learning in higher education."
L. Dee Fink, author, Creating Significant Learning Experiences

"Informed by encounters with hundreds of faculty in their workshops, these two accomplished teachers, assessors, and faculty developers have created another essential text. Current faculty, as well as graduate students who aspire to teach in college, will carry this edition in a briefcase for quick reference to scores of examples of classroom teaching and assessment techniques and ways to use students' classroom work in demonstrating departmental and institutional effectiveness."
Trudy W. Banta, author, Designing Effective Assessment

Barbara E. Walvoord is professor emerita at the University of Notre Dame. For more than thirty years she has been leading faculty workshops across the country on the topics of grading, assessment, teaching, learning, and writing across the curriculum. She is the author of Assessment Clear and Simple from Jossey-Bass. Virginia Johnson ...
Loading
Title:Effective Grading: A Tool for Learning and Assessment in CollegeFormat:PaperbackDimensions:272 pages, 11 × 8.5 × 0.6 inPublished:November 16, 2009Publisher:WileyLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0470502150

ISBN - 13:9780470502150

Look for similar items by category:

Reviews

Read from the Book

%PDF-1.3 %???????????????????????????????? 1 0 obj > endobj 2 0 obj > endobj 3 0 obj > endobj 4 0 obj > endobj 5 0 obj > endobj 6 0 obj > endobj 7 0 obj > endobj 8 0 obj > endobj 9 0 obj [ /Separation /All /DeviceCMYK 11 0 R ] endobj 10 0 obj > endobj 11 0 obj > stream H? ????m?m\?m?~?l?m??"0AJ0????"4aK8???D"2Q?J4????"6q?K ?S???0E(J1??%(I)JS???? hH#??4?9-hI+Z????=?H'':??t?;=?I/z????? 3?? c8#?(F3???c ?s???0G8?1?s????4g8?9?s??\?2W??5?s????6w??=?? > endobj 13 0 obj > stream H??WK??=??`,)G????3=c/?"f?1 I??GC???c??y???/???=???vtG ?????|?x??!''??????RH?x??P???"?#? ?D ??2???(??@]???(2?????{?????V?{|K??~?KI?bA???/??Pw?????Ao?z??+E?"?S????M??R??l???m???l/???x?????z?*?3?c?*/z?;%?~?G????2?NCy????O?4???~???L?c?S?J??~???Z?g%?8T7?K?d??^?+?J?_????? nW?????5W?? ?C???wekE#???E??FM??yd???pAZ ?p5?s ?w? h}??s?kE???O?%?TUN??.?5+?Cc?n ??gT??Y ?Q??QN}?h? 3?V????VI? ?!M??F~?,?????;?~?\??&R??????(?g?A?\?a4????s???L3?OM[w?H??]?4X????F?Jq?1?Y?|??>I ? ?MME?1??Pó??{oG??/}?? ? .?D?H?.K?#??@VAt?????D5????>`Z9?h]?x?Q??uM????3%?>?~? ??8"???????z_?]??M|?''t???M?M?"Aq???I?Nl?4*??????> H?/???m?X??%J??n?^??i?? ? hR?P?d?j???[D:?`''??2??xV?r?[?K?; ????Z7??0X7 ???u??,? ???Ei_(???i??8???W?c?lIj???d????(??? ??O????|??lS)??NB ????A??''?K??m5´6c???1??e??3???;5???~:O?k=????+* ?F~?%??? ??LaP??h?D??b? QIi?JA?-???a???){?4?=??31á~? > /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /ExtGState > /ColorSpace > >> endobj 15 0 obj > endobj 16 0 obj > endobj 17 0 obj > stream H??WK???=A??h???A?&ME?VCC ?tM78 `??=??/dK[?*~???%.E??Df?????k)????????T???nG???''??? fQ???vc_?{?nj?s?b{?q??0Id??7?Da?q|?w?M? ??}?>1?J?????@???z@?fx??F?:''??q?F9(S??um?W??e??e????~(\W?_?x??_???m?|b?eH????Q ??T???????avJ??t??3~??:???&h??)?H?S7y??&?7?[??Gm???? ????qg#?F A?Cy?V???Z???N?9/??}???>????mlL???c????YJ?#?c_?e[??=wjZ???L?aYL???u??T???i???n?y4h?g8w?`g??k? ?5?.?8J|C;I??1O?'')M?'' ?I?2?6??L??]??GEr?U} }?}????>?|??"L??3???E??????l+?c?P?}w*?;?]?K_?I???36A}?0oE?mG??o;r?v?g???wiw??wz? 4??m*????w?O?o??,?$?t????,?N! ??dj??w?SGc?6 ?.??I(????* *u???,?Q??h)??????Z??i%?X?K?B?*h?p?-??p8?? ??_Zuk?>?iy|?Q?A?&??P*??WH??????? ??4???@tVK?M?P?\-Ze+??]???c??''?3????N????E?????m4*??d2L??~JX?;T?N?Qh| ?X?C?49?????? n[C?CR??l =??& TN?fH?>???m?p???C???8?V?b??????D+''??¼?+????,???&T?!?v?g?? ??Q?;M ??-????p^?KC;?j:?vk7X??H?+?[??????8N?R?x?^?3WEX????s??F????Bi?e5+ ??????.[?:?,??6M?0??Z~?,?aj?We????? ??lG?????P???H?????o?_?p??????7c!?\???????>"]????#????H?6??]+?7?h?]????nJ?=n?,??,O- L??x?cX??8???E?B?45H1?$???|b:1???????f?j?QI? +?gg?Q???%??YY]??&]?^?x?%??H\?r?G4????????? ???hakbm]VVIJ|z,#??8?????b???J?EtZ??x-&|Xa?? )?=q????+g?Z???????c? 0Z-?*@?????????}}?[?????fcX??.???(???(????i?E?zcC????s????.tt?????Æ?n?I{ ???g$???X???? ?u??:SG??U?61??f"?tM?[??M(?A?????2??if ?%!4???X????]??~? .??:?2 ???z?&?^-??>5?T#??P/3/%EAAI?1?&S S???Dw?>? 0?CC F?b?BFH`X?a?Aw`????]?A?;B?I*?;???4]=`L??H??P??}?V?VF ?0? ?? endstream endobj 18 0 obj > /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /ExtGState > /ColorSpace > >> endobj 19 0 obj > endobj 20 0 obj > stream H??W?????CG]??(?{&bl??s@E?X?????? _?-~Y ?? ?$?&??DV??=q???g?~?|??}-?`??F???~OY?^???N?_?8? ?s?8??{???lx??$??? ???K?,! ??j?w???t9??O?3T?Dfn?q????N^V???u?3??F??z?}?%a?E??i????Qis??2? G?c~d??a????;???]$?;W$?=?????a,e3?L??OD?y?r??i ?a??j%E????:m{2??7Z????$d[?Q?0? C-L>????d??>/?z???y???uUqdyS?}??X ??fE{:? ??}?1??}?G?u?R?fr????Z?]?C.U);??a???Ky??N???j??oj??5 ¹h?M;?(???u??3??"????????????S??? q?? ????=?xRX??&??? ?:5??(/???[???bas?O?y?f?A:??H ??????xrA ?}?~?r????#+o?tA?4?????PT5??T5U?t??")??L?-"H?_?{?Q??H?+?z?wN-R;fl?$z5T??]??p?zm\^??$?[X??e?w?9:?Q?H}???Y?,?S?Z''???>3? ??KI???^???(?y??ky??O?O{?? ??3?M ???L\/Y???-?W):?xz??hJ?gS?+S???5\?l ??lSQ ?jOU?AB"2? E???????l/??m?uw???T ???/^?J??6?UC???#l??)? e_?){q?w/??qz?????/??????7w;??*??CF;?i???z??P?$240??G??g?P?IC ?HSpK2???C? ????t ?æ?j? ??0?H?:?s6???Ub???7?b??ü w+??p???nD????Z?sp?u??x?25gx@? ?0 C??tF????0??H#?V? ???Q??;?l??3?dL7??Zo,?z?w?IV?%?f$?t9=???h????M???O ??V??54?.?J?S(E????:?q??`??D??b?[)?XE??g?p???7K?QD???G?&^?U?D`?Va?t?&??4?c? 0)?*@????????}}??z{Y Kx?1?1&???0??^}?}??7?C?1?P???}4?5?6tt??????R??v?7?zc??`6?h?*5?9ojg?5"#?:?,???}4?7?Ad? ?[?D???$?~_?}??u0 >?H''c??lUq?O????;N??8N???q8(?W7bBe????`???4? z?????@uX? &?,???jGM???/???-{#Sx?)^?vy#\X.?0?{-?HqeS?vsc???J~?H?}??54??-p??E ?t=?W??+?n???W?bb?? ?v?Rx?B}`???u?y??G?#? ?&?Ij?!??!4?W???B"???WmH_?0????,u .??)K???Rpu)J??????5?G?yDxt?{i?? > endobj 22 0 obj > stream H?|?TSG??xy/A CyA~?J0?????JK?D ??Xi?[(????KAQZQE ZU?*-e?V?V?Mv??>???k???w?|f?;?^???af??i2?????Y???f[''=???e?$`???K?'' !>g|~?????+?w??????l@|?@`x??ie??QE??UcA-AO??]???:Y}68>?p?]????P????a?0CX[?p2|KxU?GDu?9?"??]?^D?D??N?>?Y?%???kJ5?5{5????U?>l??k?dv ??????l5?G?o?!?{?`??w^????W?jZj?)s8qh ?P???f?f???? ??2??/??P?/VgO??dfnd??M????#??Q??O7???Z?+N??E?M?7 ?$Ea??E8C ??@?$??n?8?-Bq5o?LF???g??8??P?&K?~???}???j????~???9?6??~??0 ??g?3 ?? _??? ?? ? ??+f???K??-?D$?z??`B4\ V> Ax???3?p_?` ?T?%cJ??2???z??\?\?K?????m??^?>?T?gWnI????K?*4?y?\???^?-u?Z0?a? ?v??S? ;?*?*?T=???+??^9u?H??????6ayYN?^F?o4???4;Wo*z??l?h?v7u?p?d??e?!???aa???E?y??????;?1-?Adm????XK???$?h?mF??h?O?[??K!?4H''??e?o? 7dM???H¦? Iy w#???3Z!E+?"?%?q???NXb?uHIT??T??DQ%@AG /,i??R ?D?e???????#??-$?($??_?#!*?h ??j?Gh?? J0??(?2@????l???r?GdE?}x?e?s?z_?;??=W?}?Y???o?????C??E?? ?J?????3?PM??Y?7q?jHf??????y] p ? r,F?D9o?\?T???X''??qh??!?[`?X?T(EE!??A 5???D?j@@??????^?`???I???M?y??C?x[?HL??e???/?ZR???f5?0???\?bT]+:G yMY*????$5u????i?(???????*??A??????@?H?Y?????J??????????7?h:??1Y????K????=?A??,??B??F?$uh??w???[N??V??%$%5?0?$?o???[/^????ow2?[??ie??TW?f?f ?????e?{6\???FP??-oz???????5n????V??y?t*F??5?-C??Ri???**?ir????9''?nJ?l?!?Q???G3?0f ?w??y????????o??^~????.+v?}?.???l??;?hq??`?~?c?Q???u?Dp??????.7g??pZ??3??????+G0???o5-Y8wU?ob?2??A U6? ??D???*pg?TjT?,??N?????P ??91??????9?????_?3?l????Z??.0?~???{?r??f?[MUM????vm??-^q?>K??x???yC?E?W???v??5????^?I\Ry????H#??f*}` ({S??*?6s?? ?~Û?U-?n????????hkg?,??A??''????>=(6,,v???o?3Wgn??`?4??Q9?S/????IH??.???9{?_??{Y?d?^;S???4wm???m??K?/? ?(??~?o??6Dv??''k&???q???u????w?7??#?]??R??f??{??6Yq ?+/?ZNJµ???>0??K???* H?`? `^(j?|??Ox????wQK????WI?A????5?'' ?T#???h??_#?RI4???C?#3?Yg?J???!?+V?O??5c#??mh?>????f??$??W??V? ?} ????? ??? K ?xk6?*????Q??+??????? ???+?????e;I?^rl?W["???????[??r33?!?B?K??M?????!c.0????l''????????9?U?m?????q??l??A??Uy?$?s??? ?H(?X???eT_?UC?>.?iO>p?E??E?{RL???#M???3????A?r\x??[?D?0?3???5q??DMT?kd?w???????~?q??IJV?!?8nr\ZL??`??O? ???Z???*?U{?N?)?o????}t?0?R?tls??+?? ???R??? GkPh?%^k??N C;g7 ^_?"?O???i?HA????????cO?C?q?P??''?4??? 4?? ??*??i???a? ah??u?P??3Y??s?O9v?t??A*? ??0??1??n???ps? ?)???Uw??l4?#???b???q??#z??????=?]?1?}d??*?UA?En ?hQ ?X N?:t?|?|2OhL?R>"?t?[G???b5????0p?k?V???{????U???l????:???:?5;>^E??l??`??`?R?l?a??kU????7$lH?? )iC???JWzA?Hwe? ??U^@y?g??h,:ka>???NKB?q0???&?@_??`???~k?? ???" ?^????Kv8??_ }a? ~.??|?i??`R??dB???uf0?I?Hy???*????Tz????%?>?$?,?]??O??msd??1???ho??e?a??#???b?8K?l ??C\????? X??%?#???F???+Hz9F"S?@5F?v???5D ??z??q`???!??_???5%;?Y?:9? 6Nr????u?;?P???j ???l??????8c%ET? (-]?E? ??/>??}?#S?(?h?????d???g?3LF>&3>%? ?xe????h??P?f?3U ?#P?8E?~pJ08}?Bf?_?b??\4B??ZRp?Fna0???y??8?6??l ??.????Q????k????7???+???\????????CLr?L;?[F??C??H???y?>9?\?l?8V??[?2??R?????p??b?, W?-!?F?E?.h U?FS?]??-?gm???''?}??2???uq??{"}?7???????:??L?X?)p??*?&?)a?y?g?-?? W?N{N?*? ?{??|?1y?? ???????u??R:???d???b?dR??#tK??.???+?k?O?4s]U?!??? ?,?m[v?.~g?vO?n?$A??/?vf?_??9?=D=?Q?/???s??s??5?A? ?xI?=$?5?+?}h??r''???W?????R%.B7??Yq?w?i?? ?''? ?A????p????HQ?M?AO??~?|??wK?????R????. %S????h?v??????ps???4B?|NE??5???M? ??c???g?2K?"?ju??gU1???ZxoA?L?? ?N8??Ud.*Q)v??| N?q?1o ?_da????V??"O?1F? ??mQ?C? D?O???S_??\ ~??.?b????n?SO??s? Vf`? ?Q~43d???||???BB????x???*?>x??i?X?n/D ??&???J?ŽU ? ?@? ?$????????x?{r?y?+!_,B??6?/^?y9?~?y9?l-??hhml???-??> ???AB|?"arB?? Z???m?h X9???Z?0?????#?B?X g?j?Z?`f_?f?a????PMfcS?????:??j?b??K?ZA_Yks? a?????U??T1]? ????N?z??>O????RjX???a???1|?"?w??{???,??2??)???^8?U?(5 mp???????A?k?[?6? ¨o?????.?L c2 ??x?)??D??5?/[X???*6^?!L?????TmZ?)-d????E?ucA??S7? Lcq?+J???lO?????X?VW$??=?.L?bM?J?.???^?\? 3e?D!??I)?1???-?%??h???''0?`Dw?:\k?|!??ds?H2y ?1??A?&??? ~ ?o^''??c6??6;?I? q????????=Gx???#>?????[??l????2d3S+E?`?{AR?? ?u?RO\??D??? ??^;D?;??0?,?_??WQ?`?k?@?4???G*? "-sh?_??????|}`??/_?^D???~eJ?????4??u???'??WkXg&?h]???P???e????]???hu?xA,?(D ??H ?A 1?\??A ?1??\4*?,?E?V[??O?u??3?ç???v????w??sµ?}?FM?9??????n?9(? ??{??Ayv??? ?O[L?O???j1?6??g????0???0?2atH???&f?? ??zK?^?l???H''??AI?)?5T?m?t?Oxg??????"a?\?l??U????2???q???s??*G1? n?\P s?6? ? ?n??Mlwlqm?,8#|? ????O??x???Æ??F>?;??>p?N?o?6??U??W|?)??L+?(??r??9k??????wDvF???????Q?????& z?9???3??? ??u? #"1??''?bHX1??^?????yp?vS?y?1?Ow2?I??,??6`???t}?? 1?PyT?|wmd?Ov0???y????\??j"0??-?O;?o|?''?c z?`?--;?[N_?(o??t??D?/6)>*&??XU\i?q?????????2w?B?q?4!1C??Y??U???5?''??K?{?«w??qN;?U??Q?U?uo?J|E~????]t??y?_?C??#?l?"C??Jf???zNw?t?)oJyl??V???{???X?n}?W??D-??@??? ??9??n+0?{??J c#T,q???????y?n??$????? ???w 0??x>?_-%?^??M????1k?? ç??s#??2,(?????????>{A%?wPFg?iM??Q?p?u$?]??{?Fs??94??!??V???:?4???:sI??9*????H}P????3??+?} %FKk?y''v??oV ??,???mTrH?&^??d)?X??y?sE7?(U$~??i??|/L W5?$ ???Y ????!?;Rm l?Y?X?G??{?+?*p???}??m?m-? ???/p1/??????B$??????mR????j?$g??9d????P)U?fy?s??w?$?àK?I`??? ???? sl ??''???`O?Zl??j?C v%?JC?>??Q?0??lGH?vh ???#G) ?rC)?? )??J???Y ???????e?? ` ????7h???l2.?3?c?H e???1!?U[E???*?%J?X?@*JMUL_S?????8??GR?=?#??0|?@?TX?i?`??n??;">y???dO?????]?,m???,????$??;?|??i  (??EM?s???I???k??P:$?D?? ?$ ?w????9????????h#S??S@r???`.??1\?q???j??e!O?+??`xi@??)2`5?? ?>?~[YT\?A?J??AkCK}????f??"?????%?2?2_????Y?V`$O??6-?O??d?(?|m?-z?e???????Eb??B?-?r?c0?F? ^L?Oa??/?DbVaB)?E?k0?RX?W9S?yU?????????8*5?@YJ??_???;?iQ ??G6??[0A^sb?sbdV?n? 9??a??o??H$?k4?,!?? ?q??????+?a????E?g????xz???U`?Wa5S???P??+??/?????0?X]X+? c??R?Y=???,v ?f!????P} ??JZ?S?_I_?X?d?n?P^Q???%V?????~?[>0? -?(?N????:r*???????0!? ??????C?"?? YR+i?Xg?????`)$?O??????????(???}??P????>??ko??A^=???a?$f??&?D???jnV???+9???????\???#Q?T HU?)?k!Q?; 3`=??C?j?????G?~_Z??ar?n??V/??%?1?WN???*NL? O?$F???3? ????M??/??F??????M.5/?M?."?j??5E????d??K?4??l?T?F?|`k?;k??mK`-?pWm?H??e?hrE??+???~?G????6N???j??H?V?"?z??Qk?K???y?W????o???}HaXq??#?????h k7d??t????x?????,??k?2??#E??s?>? ???????BMqna)??A?? U?Wb}?n?-???tdV/?5?D?? 0?N~?~?nt?~?>??T??%V ?:Qez?????{?!?b?;A7i?{p? ???????3"?[?S??????.?1R ?V???Wp??V??>[R*:?5n?h???5???q-?{???''? ]?3?Sn??D???1????Q??pw?d??/#w?¨?*???i???W/|[?_?{??+?N??]??''????9????QCb?ov??u??H-`F??w[??,???7??-Ua?cKx8w`?k?"????B?/?j ?j???z??J0???x???x???H??5?L??`??x???t?L?d?K??%??G? ~??¿??%a1???????^ &??_]TEUhp\A,w{93???GL?}(f|?''??w"?J:d?"??[Q??E5?P?&?? pyÐ60K?iO??)?L?]????????>?YHm ?u2? ?B9#}??A]>??D?!?-?????$???LI`??d??Ty?Y7 D"?*w@F?W1?????V"?y#7d???f?? k??????@????//LA???i? ??????????e???~?[.9???????^?!QDQ?uu?i}??Nh?????(0??HB¶]h??eYF???bQ???????U-*?@?~? R{? ?GD???pf?u??? E?:???;???w?MI???~M???jJ92[??f?? ??_?d?o?d???!,?jyI?O#?)??q??LWG?''????eS???|?\?????]e??e?^QJ?A7???e?v??y??V???]s?D\x ????s?}=???FD2ni?t??YH4)OVA?$w???+??2??Y2?[???Nb?+?j?6??b?P |_??? ??Q?''?O?????&?????B?Q???!?????y?AkTb58B?M?V???6????C????&?Tq??$|????p???2lG??P?Ea?????^??}?R3 ?\n?????c???]JC???$?d??????????=??G??P?OdH;????dO???g?/?60mW?K+?W?r?8?S?X? ??"???k??????aa@q0??$??''~??!_X????T?Y??G`-??6?,Fo?b??> y?e??''??H??p?S??\}?|?ç????.>??4???8Xs??????&Q?pXF?j(?;&??T?%?$?)nq???`RY?/);XV > endobj 24 0 obj > stream H??T}PSWO/ _1??"&?^? "(?B??A@?~lA@?"??t?v?*p?n?BT??Z? R"F?U-U?i??=?????????3;s???=?????s.?ak?`2?N1EZuj??x???i??"fZ\l-???-???;?] ?4??R??a?d????)?Y??i^? ?,r?8?q?F???GxD?t?|V?~[?K?lrv??G?_?>u?????.??@?9+?|5?.iG.''????>?G?6S?D( ?l???H?97?M?ft?skw??]??np?v??K??y?Z?-?G?G??? * ?:??F?bX?H1?x?x??^Y??? ?[" ???&??yA?(??5"1??.?????i{?z??yd????S?u???)h?03?MK???V/"H? )$,?5*2??? ?S{7}?QJY^????rj???u?0X??????1L9????.??S???1? ÀZg?n N???B?} MQZI?u}?^???? k8?QX)??Z? 4+? ?jl?W???3M0+g?!I?9op??9?]??9?[O???x??z/??j ?-?*F?X????&?A1?u???J`? ? _]V?W??ay??0??B#???l?}?&?"V?>?4?f8??e Z?N???????ff?o???p=????8kUc+???j?7 f?Y3??)?? ?=?A?x??? ???? ????L?&???r ?;? `6O@-? pA??D$?S??R?Q`?} ?????UF.?j$|?x?????_?W??????*?????i??f???)l????2??"b???? B??¾x??"F kp?????("????J??d?o1??frrN?_-??????w?[???rWSS?c?????>?e4%\i?Q??{EU?)???5W??CP??N?? 2?,??p?w??q?}?.??t????i0y? ??-UK ?$????+??????*G???[??G7?j??? ?????s+}?????n??^>????-? u??EeR?QZX??E:H??????? ???6??)??)?L?`c???? ?A ?Y??????R?I????.^????2?C?/&$> =U???R ???Q@??N??H??#,???)?H?kH??1?)??s:????>?t\n??[???U^?? ???x??@????(;???)???????1?9?-1@&????Oj`U????*???7??????R?Z?k??S???M"???????11??k#2:?g??M ?F?[X ^?????c??8?9?]? *^?s?~?? ?Q?$???1%)lS )|.?^??8hn?G??v?7?g????8A???6?|?[R??õR?d? ???9=ug??Sk???|?oe?????9??????W|???=????^?Rf8lje???5??3?ýA?K???{;??P???@??ZP?J,?h-????&`m?APD??!oD@?*T?b??(?U??hg?s?W????V~e?????{?}0?T}?o9ä?j6??Tsl>? ?&s?)??%,?5?.68%2Y?DC?I??m?; Kdh?{?xI??u?????u?h??J?????X?C?RB"Fs??E?????!W??1{??F[b;V?v +?g,T''?qfXp?S ?s????)?Ht????4???3?h?tOo?? ??L$??? d7?|]?-??@t?\/?t_ [H8?_ ???[?@??H_?ƒz?71?\?U?N ?B/,f3!? I??3g?O p? ????v?QN#t3??4??e4?)IP?oJ?U%y??????/,???xGS???/ ???s?~?7?=?d?? ?????7??:???''#SE0$?????D??Wn?W=c ?\?R??%?>.@???wH?l??3k???0?f??????t[?*x|??e?%?M?v??K?N?W?kXp?ZC?YF???u?xh*??????L?D?????C?''?A??F_??5??r????Qi?*?x}???O??1o?z,?!?}'' ?PH??Nh ???C??C]?Dx?.????v .0?o???}j/?? ??b?7$??k?D?/???fU+??l?-?,p5??t-(?)?Sn?????EO?9A??"???}?m[????3"q?????R?bq?]??-?F?k?r?W???l&?????&G???9!z|9,???????}L???~?wo???&a SwSy??U?t???tzL???D????d|??|1L#?@??~??????Ui?Rq~ˆa \2???Ee??(?r??TC???+ZVA??l?>?? ?|??wQ??PK:B??4\)????O?O?^????!a ???e*|??|.?FE??r??dX|@??l???j??#?ii]?e!F?f?/????u?P:rCG?)r??? ?g ???OF?F??$r?Xi?J?}YJ?"???W PSW6? ?????"????v?t??*u?? X?Q???#??@@?? j??iAk?????Ve????[?7??~????3?Rf??NYB5}+}K???V ?q(v????? o ?N?CX?GE?? ??).?r?? ?+??? Y??uIu ?#?i??L?:U???^???Z?V[ ?x??Qfc??_?-???;s?])%????tEJ??????$??_???T?5???? ?%????n??§k????????|h?Gx??;n-? ??6?y?7:??Q??hi*5???ep????Q''?d?G?H ???''??{Xt??C???i??W?Wd? ??(?????eF?1? m^y?e1,??,s?R?%`Q???52????Y10,.??%?y???a!)K?? Vh?D/?mR?M?m???0R?=&???x?Q??S?????b???z??@???s,6T% ?=???? E???+?FS}? ???%?J?r7Z????????q9&????+K??/?jm*%v??mLSSEwU??R?? ???>??hG???]?}n?????n;????|?B?d?S???-"???*??r??????hw??X???????E$wF?????P??8YJO\uvZ.?s??r??M}?p???C?{??fr??P?A?A?Y?g????(!8y/?=.?? ? ?H"+$?%HJ???)?A??e!??Y ??,pS?? ???l!a H? ?R;B?a?s?wf?. ???S ?''?Œ?A? ?????n?:D??9?>??????91??R?h???KN??J?.z`r???-v??`???w:3?9?u?ë??J??wr???#/ìR?J?ç(??M?t&?!?Lb????x?d -??4s b?(?q????{h?z?7???ue*G?/?%?see ??????????W&Ox?????VV?j?U?a1????k?w? ?/??t]u?+??8?5U? ????-??X???Z????u ?d?,L}???8 O4???.?-???i q?D6ZZV??e?vw?j0BmW]a??"??%p??? ???"??dI"=~?(?@?´K??\kqú ?)5??L?? ???U?J? ?"????? >? ??Y?2x?k?h?S3A????:??g??65??p??w@?.F?M????O a?4??????&Q??$5???BZ???E Z??oy}??#??bdNA?A|[??^?????? J?P)???qR?2??5??aJ9!6??m?z?2?GK????,,??fi?4????"?? ,??)??]CFj ?w,??@|???q???A? %)???Z???!"5)?;??~???V??Ln6Q??(D&{????WFa?4???]?? ????}??~D?.?????+>??g??Z???O??d??G????-???]?f.?????^-?j]F???~Ib??a%G?D???????:???????7o8?BC??? ?0???;` ??k??????l"J?}??)? `V.-??c ??[?[}??``?|~+r?????5?88????{$??lX S W????? ?z????R??''?U/?????%|??y?3???''CT`??H"&?7?(KHO??1A?@A?Y???0???l_?j`? ???''+?????Qo?A9;???????????rHD3????| ?T[I9?u?VXB??u?????tva?qr*?R?+|?Y??*?w?W=??ts?L]?t?t????G???UZ????$??;,??a(????C??m ???[?_K?-??gw""????????T??X''?H?????*?u???Hw???UJ???Qi)??\?Y??f?!?4~? ?E?Eu?)?''????2}?.??!???K6?V????[W???L?F^??K?]??????r??? ??d??,-''?Dpy?r?????@!??5??? ?mG#.}M???''??1j?#PkR ''-5?-?J?ziA+? YvD]y%??y?3[?0??Zckd?????6Ad#x7iX??[Rkv"?9o???pz?X?&???"A }6asJC?1?[ -???? A&??-??F????;?`?|?)??{??H?T???n?o????g?hg??A??p ????B?????*?MD???J?dX?j??''6?t4?)?@?d?\?_??6?DB?dU???t|?Z???#c?Ttq??1??\x???0E{???L?{m?"?X????EZ??,??=F3?#??S W???R?[???l?(j6j??h??L???edE??''+?![4`???Z?,Û?_??6????O(???0?^???_W ????p?( *?Q?\x????}?l9?&?1?y{ ?rg????]?^{?$l????_?&?y_/1??x??_?Y??=&|????b??gp?¹=??h?_??f???--?*??S??U\N@?*?&IMR???!F????? ?+@*?Om???S{ ?"?~? Ee?.??p?(???w???~??m,????v?????{????oX ?????? U3????[??w?j?D???+z %??K ???DV?u ???,?>?g??M?K?M??''zv?^8M???;G??S-???p ? ?c?4+????1??{''P??Y F8?dD??|??E???????|????3? ??0F ?? b??D?>??? ?%?e??6?À !#?1b? ? ?w??yA?`y bm??????a?O?i?c???g?????M,??"??[???4???\???y??q=?>7???q???"?n?j6% endstream endobj 25 0 obj > endobj 26 0 obj > stream H??T{PSgO7?(F?rn0??"??^?(?;7??UA?A??S"??X?? ?~?Qq?pW??g????m??9?9??C?Y?c?T\??=???@o?03?''?X,?xI?"?,L^??e???>???y?Z?)k7?z?>?????v??B ?7,?]??o?m??4?^\?p?????voVlZ??>???J???C?×/W9jWE8?t?s?????+???CVw??y??Z?u?uV??^u?w?w+v?v?????c??_ ??j?G?@?[????%?9???''?_?x??? J ???B?Ce?A??q?X!Ng?u?3? q????????+?xX ??.???h#N_K?2??X???K?''+??ZE????l?68??E????E??????T?????\?F?????oR5.???A??+T?????? ? ???U???T??%?f?#? b??UjP????Y??`???cW???w%???v?I1d?n??$?9a`?V#???x???A?e???Y?d#>?"5?q???Mk?V???M`??????D?,??Ik??N??R8????\>8?q????S?7???????8? ?x `|C????/"?? ?#-;????k?s??X*>U????r?H?[?a????A\?????t??=v"??}????[??Q???,??7v??e??:y?/?)?}?[?e??f??hh#??????Th+?]?[????s??????h? ?!?!7 ?? !??OF6??X{???,???{?P??:?$?* TH? ??T? c? r?FfD? ?????????o9?iy???_7MX???A?E??H ???0T?N???? *?K??? ~?:q=??5?1?/K_1O??i??(????L-???aA????J?3???9?An({?????)7???J????U???A;??\`A???7?F?4???1??|?h???!??@???Oh?R?i?N???O?L????,?W??E????? ?]??´??r??R]e5E ??2??3?HbU?????pc?M?!X?Ex???1æ,??E?''???b-.?B>Fm?"??1z??z?h>mj?W?????9?s????9?0??????`??}???\mWF?hE???D"??4????48-[??????G?)B?Nn?qI?1=t?;???9?? ????;???^nj??3ls 8l=????''?U?J??V?? ?iK?D??&???S????t??S ?????m?6%?R?%??F? ?aX ? ??+M??;??y?%X?N?[?D?h???H?o ???>?xw?"AE''"k4? œ`??>??????sQ?D,GSV1k?mWs?J`d?FX$??}??o??q?J5?S*o??????x????x}??ez??%[?".?? ~??Lp???h????W?4u?w?p-??w????:??adS???g???? ?uQ??c??:z???-?Y?????????d???M?)~;??i5E??&???e???o?\??"?}???Vuo?Z????W7???|?b?v?9???|?A??)h ??=v9?F>?)?La?W@?*??q?$??P??f7,???1?`;d?T!z#`?*Y?dn?f?l,???9?{ Cl???QO??y???xS??i?x?\?????J?L+d??^;Z?]#?a "?????CLlx? ?3;/4?5?M|??,05BT?N???N.07?wi??LP!_?n??k ?~b?.F? #;??{j??!?A \h???jz?Z??X ???{????R9?wr?]z??X^m?s?-??^gq??? &k??|?:#?4S%??fF?.Z?/??s? M???7?t?} ??#?_r?{????6??????????W?R???[z?>?E?\j?"7?kx?`?(? ?u????????}?M%?y?+??;??Ef??,k7z.F$??azzGO?\????M???d?w???????(L??m?x?C???#???_?? lG ???I?4????h?4??? ??Mg?u ?,?9?H@??MqQ?nuR???;t,pr&+GR45 ???p??lX?????k?(?&?i`L??CT\b\?:?P??,q?*Q{e?0V?kS???W??=? ?c????"????L@?ZY????V''?g+???a!&?qV?????????f??I;41??d?U`??Y?A??r2?T???&?KqD-?b?Ok???&N?? ??ug U?F+V?W ?HBn??H ??????Z?]+n???2?G;?u????fN:?\\(??v??e&s??????}?O_%[?9U?+?@A?:?CBP?u?tMb??????=?!9?>?? }?2p???_D?f?y?;?Am?F%* ?£?N??%!?????????)?j?P?@?kb? ???? ?>J??c??S???E?i? l? @b(???5Q0??u????Y?w????N{??t?Tff6??~xF??k?%?Ÿ???[?Q??y2?q&v??[\I??Q?2h?t?7?^??nm?}l?l]???Cg?????f?Z!???Th??-9\1P:R;???`?l? ??u??)?!O??~?G??wa?t??]?4?G?%G$?Nn??7X??HJ???? x>????s2d8?????_?P?F?\?h:/????w?J??!??l|L? ??U??M???5?m????|????}:_d??y?z??g?Z]?X?;??X?^?9C??E{???~?hB??fL???2?^??????h???&?n/J????[A)???]?]?C?????jP??G????G{8?Z&EUeR???;H5X???F?b??K??Y??h3E *?:C???k?2?C8?~?O?9j??R?P7??????8?C???Ç???8?-E}? ??h#-?? iw??rf;h?%p*??A"Y@????F^d?? ?J?????nt???7?U?t3??Q??{=???''o??? ??y?Zwf?s8?????w???}??v&$???1qm}?N????^??L8''?/ED.86?b???|h??????????????G???T??v?CW?RJY?,W?@MA??i??Zsac+q?;?n4?s?T????XO?&?@HQI?v??s7m>K??k}??05?L?$Y??+??~?-??b??_??5;??rr?yDrN|z??5???h???k?(?????????Z4???O????Ue??GT~{,(d???/?N?Mz?~?????\?`W&?X?lF???`}p?''??5???X6`?}???? +??J??ly??^?!????1?(?O?? b?Q\?Mw?????b?j$HL=???-??D??yW@M?a}?l??G?A?+?y????C??2wi?"i??5l?0?????W?????Hj\\J? ???-??%? ??P???? ?S????O?2Z}F ??w? ??D??Y??Rn?????C?~Bv?'' ]?????KhAJ?\???dr?2?????????j_ x -;g?Q?T[?d?=x???Z?@??g?E??????v^?9??cm ????!???? ?)G??vGp??g??p~R??????(V??$/?@*??3?98f?^???H?s????w????p? ????T{?? ?,+S?q??m?:]?aN???=8Ur?b??????]W?MO^4~???=~?Z??y??#_? ??Z?e.?r?O ??._ ????H???eH??y???''? w?i??M?????;P??S????6Tz?a"5??Y?z? 8-&? = ?????\??)????"?Q?? ?K??????n?2??W?-sCz@;?6T??W????DL{E5?%???/??Z???? ??-?s&?S??? ?''p????&?|iJV&7+?H?KT?!6s??0?/:F5hu?P?? ?|?N` (?=O?E???V?{????y?d?c??t?(&{`?O? ???Dt??5?5???u????bS?[=????7G??M?=?2%}?!?{?dh^??? ???x@.v?? ?>?u?k?u?????DQ?q?????V???,bj8|???gz????Jp??????K?pY????x[mG?Y??}??Cd?????V??( ????O???N?????3x?x{&}j+9V?O???4D?Tm??y?y??O?qG??8o??^?x??????????SS?n????6x??}???`????G???FW?[z?X0Mf??1`Sqj?? ??X??}????R?7?`?r0?????R W??O!?(5?`?;/2?#??>&7??V? ??°??I??? ???y????(?{e?"?Y?2!7*?i?A?U??-? ?(@???J???xN?D???]?. ???J??e??3???UJ2??:???? Y????}?q??R???o?"0??i???? ?M!P$?Z???? _?H?] ?0?An?fiZk?-?6?l=??LT$%%??f?)?)Z?*?`;j^zhZ?(? ??d_?F[??U!z4V????U?:??+?? u,?p?W??2???kV???` Yfb?@''X????`?-?TV??:?b?????XU?sG??EQ???a?W?n??@Rc???d?9???i??n???r?F??:w??+EBB?*a?UQ)?`o?s?Q???h6?Q??????TzN??fZ?*_?Mr?????nW?X]??B??????A@?? ?y????B?Ð? ?????[?*???N[??cg???~??v?vg??vg;???s~????;??+?| ??????k??6?L?uO?k??H/''!a$??t ?? ?D?p|x???b??vo>,?A?~??!??nH???$ ?H?,?L???#??? Clh???#?s?\??J??zo?{?j:Y?p?]L?h=  ???l?[0??s?2??x?S??-??D?R9??\??e???Dwg"Jt????n?=W?/?9???DO?S?-? #dZ}?[??w??:?g?Fj7?p???@?W(??????Gi?82y?L??|m?/?M???^?*????_?z????[|%N?j? ??X?a}j1 Ly?:? ????h???? L??U?8??1^?QM?g??????? ?s?[? g[kU??t????T>t??H?? ?`???!?|%$1! ?hA????f-??8?i+??????n?nuC???=??{o?''??>??SkN?  ??H???ft?`?M??/^??W?&?g?y?gH x ?76j??D??b!????!a?Ib?6 ???}h?éZ?V? ???()???$? ?^. ?q?h???cG?N??$ ?D?d???????Pn?o??u??`?ln?=?*?$#q}&k???Te?Uo???"{ z??=???M??Tu????d??7l? ????p??T\??]??jE????afB???(a$,??b?3?\???,?~B?U.:?????7? u??Vv?\~??5?!p?|??|?9Vg?|?xV???V??]???]?._?o????YD???g?p?.E??5j????-?.?u??}?????(?ES?)?54 ? ????U?x?B2???G?w?m0+7???sp??]X??&''??''''????p?, 6N-?=`?IV''?%!???U??Yw?J???/??>??!?@??3l7?S?wz???$+xe?":?=5??????=cAV(|???ef?s?j0D?XE ??eZK.T*?? X?W/d???? ???6G {?~:V?.?????????-?~????!?o]????Koz):X?), ??]dh? ??R.H???i??*3??,O)?:r?????Y?? ??@?RG?CX?g?)2??J?*??2p? VLo@?%L ?????E??B^T?;?R`bN}4???-O?V$j3???%?2ij? ?;?KM????;??j? *E?-? ?8?k?D???iz????????&????9?1??i.?s?7?3?|???k7?i7$4> ??#????^2???%sP?v?RB{? ?[z?o?A\{??G4?+??;?>w??_?|?tMH??JB?M????? ???D?y2?L]"?DK????jm???}EH??4C???R????V?dj;M?am???6yk #???i?x?B??Ja??A9o??|E?n?;M?sE???xO?37Fy???zY??6?? ?Oz???''??G????7?ZB?\ ]d?Qv????K;,7?LJW?+2?*????J?7b?T?"?H?C??]{????\\h?/-9J5`??H??|A???4?? y?KM????9%?????]???\?.:?8?`?=?? ????~ !??4;??f?#???z??????D??-)?''??????Du??"??7}0X=?hd?7! ?P??2???????k?c?>??7??+ý?:C??H?_??R? ??O??s??????#h???[H?X??|/el?y???7?C?^kx c???y???+?????C?(?O???n????Y????1?K??A???B???wnL$m?? ???S?:?/??si???Y????z? ?T?I???1+@????7?e??}??xs3??s??8r?{7?eZ??????**??x9 D@@$@??& ?@?*?-???@ODPP?;?UA?G?|????z????O?s?~7??????4?DJ?X??Q???u?????J_?4e??JJ=xF)9[??cVY ?J)??QZ?#?e???\yN,???>y7?6,????ê??H#S???~>?W??NX2^C6??S_r?6????=?M?e???-CNL*K?5mZ????????,U??Ev?{??B?k???&??zH?r?5??f?"????V? K*YJ+????k4 Q?????t???/?|x>?.????????M??oP?Ot?2??}%XLph??ETO???_??X$.(b?eyee??|??[?H????W?QAI?i ??[d`?t?j[t}oeqÑr?b=x?P q|??_?b??l?9????b?=????G?????8??p??a??W?;???? BS\?z?Y???????[??>?y?IH4??#??b(??ff_Jm\?A???????m?{_???A??(?sn?;~z??D?{?? ?;?w???`)?%???????nu?Z?>: -_???!????4\?#d????HBt.?????:??????&??t?IoWdP ?i?)b|M????O???g?L?XK????nt??W?"?[+????e@???43??Q?g!?^@d?$?`??_??!?oG?|o??????oN??9??D?Q9????.+??N?{?`?%h??)g.???}''???e?,K?C??????]?XjJN ?8f?/*fU??NOW???RS??47??j}Q?????*Kj%gv5????z$??U??G?f??15????%??-???Yy??F??d?=%?B? ??w????s?f?`??Dn.?1SF?n?????>=g?>?*c??_??5????W?_?CA$V(????)?%|??nr.???Vyrn"??>/??qP?{''???h(????l????L????"??Y,T-SG?zM???Po? x?K???r?9??)????%?IC?+/??SpB?Mq5I??L?0???A\ ?-D?????P???JV?P??&??)a?z8????WC?p?K4?H?PgO*Ï?????(r?T4 ????HQ??cJ??"X2-??D|^`Z?3 ? mbZ&????%S,l???? &?P[Q*??m?`E?S}???j??Ãt??vB???Pmz!?v?s?"?????>/?5???????Um?b?????R x?? FA????-?M??h?y?F?&U??T??y#??a?8q?.??BC???g??i???????|?p??^?.???VY"x?F{????k?h??5Ft??????z?G4??l=??: ??????''?z?m}?3;?IQ?t?L?.?n?ZW??>?????td?`Ft?|??????XS?;???b????:?Y???`??&???h?????SM?TeZ????"?????3?a?]???(?S????7??rq?w? ?9????? ??G{ ?????q?uW????,fM{?!?L%???????T~m????;??????4?????Cj? /R?D??s???#?!b??=E???l?.:!V?m?? ?''?,?M????V??6O?c?x?Z??_?o|?9F???KA+PbzJF??d????")?y??$1?????????qT?)???? ?_L?a?09 /?L?????=Q??(}??????Gm?*?F?3??[??S?m??L0??s0??$?~????V????N7???N??_?p???o??s???;L??? Q?}????P? "?T ?p?[]??8t????Y?W|??65u^???^??m??#??#?qDu?w ?R?????^??MUQ?vm?h?>qk?+?I?Y?????''?msl? e?N?.??.t]??{(c??9H??h5hF??!?m 3?h?L?o9?x_?,????w?''7?wO??????|???????]??*??:z?-??????o??7n9f??|i2???y?`?? Gf?b?+?r?N????RH?#??2?#???$`%=F?T@+)??)?l?!?H? ? ?????????5????!''z?{? ???''R?MGC??Bo??z???2?? ??r??%c1??EQ??^??2PS? I%???c?ny?P????F????v?.???D???B??? endstream endobj 27 0 obj > endobj 28 0 obj > stream H??TiTS?NHn???o??qAv?Mp??+Te??f $?H??#8? ??jq?qdS+?V?.hg?zt??7?=M??zzz??{?y??=??1l??\HI?*?a???4N???B?v ;??@knl??P???a?Yt? ?|??????q?Y???_~?E?5|k???m?m????= z,>/!$W%7$w$?????G?K-???5eO9Q???%?¨H*?RS??)????Z?K? 5F?Q???[j?B?mD/???mC;?h/:?????>??@?3?|????????? ?y3??????8U?_??x??oj]]I?a}P?{US?4?m?????+em??K????~&????a~s~?{)???n? ?;?d?P?ç??M?b$?Y#?Mˆ?? ??Migt?e?? ????l?q&????????` ?G???F2???,?+ ?N?>??[?????@wW?!&\b?h?#U??jT:5?A?G"K?a??.??[???+7????/?{0??/f???1??#??a????? ???`l>? ???W????ci?u?p? ????8???Y???5W?X0??b?/;?Hj?A??d??h??????wga?c????k?z?W??x8^??r\4}?vG?S????44_?\d!w??rZf???&_??>h????=?=?xwJ????GB??3K?J??????:?Qe?4?????4????  ???6?*j?+???N+?T?6??q??&? 5?''wq??d?[jG?2??N???4??:?oU?T???H|?L?w ???????Z??-v?u???6?xL?cw?Q?????{??h??H?$RG??~l??f??Tb?N?/:}?%80B@??b????j??dEy??](4?????U??|~??Jb???]y9?GX=??????+X8?Ab??7YkcwicI?\?7??s?P???A??t $????u??#yW?Ñ?+?$>w?.[??e ?w?H???Q.n?H?/??;?''???;?uk?)|???R|?O??O?????O?xH?v?X?:?{t???w >?&"O??^?2z?)|??(;?i??Q???#??X?Q??0?h?M????7?]?o>k8?%???LH????????}r??Eo ?1J????$^????????????c5n^???+.^k?~?C?s?]S;??;???#|?Yx?Z?r?????h?????s?{?kG''?f?R-? ?tglPXBDR ????Cm????:6b@???s???? ?4v7?H?V????L-?t????R?@+@??C???D?(V?E*???(??=e?9?J??9N?? ?8?`????????J??F?? ?''???7?|?t13w?o??W?J! u?\VL ?G?x?o W?S?-?]?s?me?M;E????\I??y?*4''vW?.?~??#? ???????;??T?????&???f?1[???QUV??@T?r{ {??9?i???????W9;??R??3?????_^???YX??I.$z?]?"Xw VC?W?3??B??????p???} ?????3?[?V? ??#?.??0W????1jijC????~?Q????? ?:?4?>5!?x? ''?0?2???FHD89a???cn??1??????T??E???[^>?,Y??m4?L? ????_??DU???q%????s????W?U?`?s??9?O@Bhk2??aZ/;? ?f~ ?V??? -y M??? *??-+??3W)?B???!?vv?3???x?pN??CY(8?%z???x.?????.??0?o?????mrSnw;??&Y??:???g??B?6g???[?!???*F??5??29g?~??????#?;?+jf????DU??c=??u??}??.}i29(??j??m ??l?L? f??@>?/?_f?>??*f_???I??~??S???n??W?$U?R????U?rg~ ?|??/z??q???? o?;?[L??mm??1????!?wz??-^?Q[y *)????? ?%X~??[???B?D&I??T,???yl?sMä???8???LyS???C????D?????X?)uW????r?(??D?>??U@??{a ???Kz}?M??????o=???????C???O?$?3? A[_W]?????????D?"??`+??r????M?T{{;?.??K5W4??a?H??????7?X{?B?@&pv0?J????8X?Kw? ?.??? ???????8?G`>ar??NO?''?P> ???''????ANWt?.?uWr\??w??^~?1??O??X6*?????w??w)?oiD" |??z????n???^H?>h4??? e??T|Mp??F?YA??\??[%A7x???X?r?B??/"^A?y???e?c??1?G? ??[.??? ~j??0O|?\??D????>?}6?/?*6????P?''mS~=E?Et????J??7?? ?!?j??O????=??{? YI? ?F?w????>?@??p? ?y??? ?x???????L?H?Ns,??B??, ??a???f?a?a??????j? lg/z?c;[????9?s??u??}=!/U???mP3???B?mO?w? ???X 6? NI?.??^]?08???M *0x+\a??;?H?0?JY?"??? Gc"??>0A6? ???~}@???^?7?}R??j???q>?}???^??2 ??[b8C??H?A?qW?xt&??)??J?"I?b!??|????7?k?V???g#?M?I)?!H???(XLlF?GA??f? ???%?????j?? ??? c?e?y?R???6K?r?? ???AfaJ?qJF????Tck?|????)?t\??r3B?] B,\??M+???Dd''????r?s?&S????:1=z???Q?!?N,b??M????,??sJK??X?30?????*8?????E?y"???^|?|oY v?????hVQc??Q?Yz??c???+m~? 0L?Y?? hH ???&;"y;???I???''?R?[?m??????M?%mO?32??-H}Y~M?e????K`???l?????E??Z?( y?L?Y???;=~???1???R??imfGm#??!????p?8}+??to???P???=w?ç|????d?r??NTdP*2?{??/d,O/^?e)K?Hi?{?''??+>??.????+?Q???l???.aaZfF????j LF>?"HY\ ht?????Acb?r????+g??ij7L??????????M^[W}sl??L??W??2?P??^\??RTU ?Dj??H??(??T??e??( ;qu?W?? ???Q~??c??*?a??k?X??????tu?????8??G* ? z????u????v????9?m?t?b???????|i????$ ??A??.mne??,,?????I@gZuV?????mFs?C[?????\??????LEf?r?8???f????xN."?I?n?l?4+Yo?`d?OIw?o???,?0??????,?WK~??6?v???E?=G??g?O??]?mW????S??A? 6?D?1"&/V/?V?r?J??H9 ??k?o8???__????,???Z?"u? ?!?2eQ)?g?zM????i?]?? ???R?T?? 56???L3R?Z?ka?Tnn?oN$??*`s?8y??? dB?3?hZ>?g?($~M?j???L?w3???~7?hq????R^?)?H?o?~??n`^?{2sC??.z$.!?$???.i??D???xe9???6?UVg????pc?lc /?o? W??,nU?pT?#|T$4[H?q?ue??~?,B?L??QWO$?@?3Y;=BU? ??X?|???4?^c=?#??bSx???z?v?.??Y??????v?????~j?3??????Sh??I??T''?H?0 2!?GqK???s1????UU?1?_U)Ga/o ?$N? Z)??j0]??????a?;??z?? ??Wp??H?G> W??v?fK?B.8??s???!?jC??VD?ed??????????-be????i -?????J1*m? ???????Q%????~NB}?P?m??tb?Nz?> ???/?"cu??k?4Pe?a?j?????J??d???????XiC?x0?????X?O???t0>|y?????MV ?x??g?tmZ?P^VIV?o?B???P??T??}??!?@?''?^?n??0???H??0?F5{?? ???1????÷??K#? ?3?o?u.5?M]?????,?Y??6H?l?>ž?#?w ????QeC_???#T????.????? U?T?U????X E? ?@vh?o?@0???m??g[2??#?K?p''??v$q???1GNf?1:??T?06?????e???I? ????????E??!??T? ??#dz]?q ?G?*r?vw??%??;????#"w???H???h???@??wl[`\$Z?I$|?+ ???E?????b???]z0_? ?"?"???hoo=????atqj.??2N???K_g?? /?\? ?)??%*????3??&? %?z! ???????W{ ?? ?_?L?"e?L?PS?9?v?:~Q*%?L??1???0?KD-S?$??js??U?l????= ?/????g??| ?~? ?gCs0~??]?H?VvFIi?^k??U.??u?????V?=qC???W?A??p??q????Xt ?t??L1?B?????No-l???k??yD??ï ????r#???L??0??rh??????ki[????V?]+?Vy?n!?I?VqU4I@n?t??Dm?Q???$????#P?,???%?????p?t]??g?;}??/?g?[?-?b%??Z4#K?}???7k?*?M?`s6^??QP^`*????UJm h0??Wqb????E?xs??????p???"????@w?{Z1??"????C????=d????????F/?>??? ?w??X?W??%Dn?u?^\???%\wJ???`Hpm????;^*k???@?p?B?Y?>@?r ?R??,=]?b??,??w?U.D?nIK??? ??DXw?+:????D{ow?p\|A?t uK???c??u y?+?/p[???*?4_k,?rK?%2?J????C?6;?t%?? h}?F?? I2r??H???u??M??1F??8?7???5?;?7W+??JE5?b??!|?e?q?.??Y?x-??5?????X.?(?!???L?=N???3??? ~.1I??zU?????t??t?U?lm?l??.?`?}???;?a?????7m???|K?????9??o???}?=??W?yfee^5??dc*??v???FF\z?0??????Gw??)?]??n,+!?! ?e??I?K?,?KW??P:,??F??^??A??M?? F???-???Dk??+?V?:?1?z`?L?u.??g?`3?D  n?g?X*????>??0?p?u?? 3g????????????????r????ZAR$X2?x??''_???????9?9?i?5????>?)z$?I? tHz????A%+?{?=???????e?!A??(?n?uz?&?n??S}[??O?>??T?"????/p????` X???.{?U&he?????j???rqc?Sze????e??Q????c?N*~??*JK??|D"?! f???@>L?@BB$ ??+h?P'?u?zg?j???S????nn????p??g??}???? ??]?PJIm?Ni???x??dm!? ?(?,?]??e?????16?????5_???g?o?~????w????w\D>{W^f?.|? 0??,???V0???\L$???{?~?????=???17 2???!T??k1G?F}?@??.K?(?}??Jgn?s]?T??`v?pt??`j?[$?(????????%:JF(?e?Ty??q%?cB?e??f????????6? ?m???(U???v?z???, 3??V??e??????Z?8??)?O????H? ??????5?|m???g?M2???g???|???e???.?]?FUT?G?????n4?uw??p???4????&n?djEr??t?????Z??ER?/??zR-?D?????3z?v?E???0`q ? t?r??(??_????!Cnm?C n??P2.???[?*??????P\??0} kO????? ¬ ? e?e?XQOyh??r@???~t???`A?"?>q???n??R*?|??P???y*"??D??g?dvx.K?Dn$?(5?)???vP?d???Fj?J?ep?,\? kGX` ? ??m>??????I_???b?????????Y??+?({z?9??9Fp??0H?!A0?p?^???????Xt?V^%??J?S????Y?_ ?60???????0g????>Xwp??b?g???/?m??????Ab?sP>??\9?8A?O?JD?y?p ?A~??isgm1n?jy8??!?????a_???$a*??8ÿOVxtQ??Y?t?Tg??1rk.?????4W¯?6]F??5?f??1z=6`?8E??x?;?"?L?:??a???5??\#???A5??L??Xn{?%???^?'T\?( ?2\]y???j??s?%?s?? ]?(?>zL??A?V[??@uX?w???? ??(??= ?Y?J?J??*E?N#[b;Z??D?NEDE??dtROL? ??A?Et????0~-|?N??????=L??C????^:?o???+ ??M?L???½?{wg??:kw????*-?uD?!)???$?@IL?$ ?0N?Y}y?5??e?E? ?b??uf ?Q;???? ???g?2&??????_?6 9??J ???W? ?`9??%}4#??Y??''??M??????-?&??6fMW?S%?.?V0[?3U80k??l%?`?[????z?}n??fh?=?s? 9?V`??oQ???Z?~y?Y?W]?\e ???uN?)?????m?p0-??T?VR????Rm3??NF0d??âvY?),??ru?{^|?]?>''Nj?4+?W? S????v??6?? ?Y-(P??YD?,???{Y??j?d3?PYuBCK?{v?j????X?a??q???O8?? xOiBi8?P?j??????>?P.>[?du?????d*2???O68W[g??yC?^p??zV}t?+~?K` L?e?) ? ???k$????¥w\ss??at^?? ??1??3?#?*:??#u???? ????O??M?%?~B??1Q??IzN?}(?HL??0?`h???w?%???P??K?1??????`?&??Ga?? ?????}??/????rz ~8????Cf? ???/:??TBG?H?R????mXG???Mu ????3c?rV_F??F???in??QW;?bRhf4?7?M?z????K???!?????? &?px%3??|????:??5h???Z? {` ??nmG~?\h?a-?&m!???UU]R??+?k-$-¶?j?????L??RkZKiPiK??NuY2??\?(.??`6?&? |??r??X/??$?0?c?cD??l???WEYI?FP:X???\?H1?$+R/??@??d?X?v????? P???AV?E??^??E??Wq???=N?????Z?????????XR?PO?=G?^?4xh1?5S?LRJ??a?.??%??ip??>?_?I?k?a???m?ziS????;Y?qY??k?]??Lk? tA''??w?{??^?6h?s?@y6???JS$d]G?S??D????f > endobj 30 0 obj > stream H??T{TgO?3??2?&?? 3A? ?@??+????4?S? ??????k??_(?eW)?R)??+??P4???(>???v`????g???{??????c?B?? K???t`J =z??????|?7?NO??Y??????d:=???KK??????t|Z"??I?x?~?J?.Q??????}?\??? ??????????q"/?bQ??XtTtA?a??/?|?X??s\?KUx?x??+?5????X???W?qs?|?y??3 ????j? ?h\??q???{?B?4?VzF????r?e?e??A?&?[???Y X{[?~)s???2DL!??|??? K''?''??@??|l?? ??is???c{??n?]??&{?? ?F9&?R?E???t?U{~pd?8?r ?"? n?|??l??b?????$@??z%:"&??????G?K?j3?Q?L?=P`&(}??9%l????s?D??n???# ??? G?xD|??N??Y&??h2??x? ?Lu??^??z!.2*.???c??P?#?}??Z??J2 V?????R+0$d??1?j{?????8????\??NS$L)?3?16(?3If?Z?X//???N?l??%I?5?*????k?$?x???+?-h?+ ?????"f?.(?CSE?G?????N#{~?z??????KFVE?V? ??J???zt?3,? k?H5p?DE^P?v?R ?-/?I5?Wvf??#~?"??n-????mî??u]\[????&7??((V???? ???Wu*D?l?%??r? ??O??>k? p?B??S?;?m???n??.p?r??as?$4? ???? [?o??5*?r?^4[3=???B^/?: ?IO??5????????:???.????~??;H?S!??+P??(1???P?o????S???6??t$o??X?L??*??)?p? ? ?S?5??;@x?g?????????=?*.OT?+?lq?@^h?G????t??????#?N ?Kv?4???????3??Ez?o\?_N)?? ???v@-+?QQ@NQ?g@?%???''\?9/9??2?8?|q?o4JaE0?Qp?=G ??(?P?????????????????? |??`?3t`??I?n??l??c²?GY?D?i[Xu??SVw/?? >-???+yn1wgK???????D?]?}U???gd??QJL>s??@m[Oii???ES? ??\????-p??? {?????Cr???I7?jVc?K?7?#??R??i? l ,FJ??DQ??1?5 l?\R?"??U????3q(???V?0?t???Q????4??? !???c???????k? #u??? }?A?????s?-???????h???0c???? /:qu?Y????I?uF?????RjQ?b???>??y>V???E;?-?????N?-???B+%??9%{w?? ????Z!K5?Zi?1?zA? ?? ????ac??9??w?(???ndy5R? ?]?0??"?^??%8''???s|.?s?sh?*??k??g?t???????o?????? Za??D??????????+g?d?[Z?,? ???h????-??i?l?f????M? .?M??D4z"42.?M"?sx????v?O4J5???;??,??8??f??=B?Bc?X?? y?YP ? Bl=??rC???O? ???5????d??½ ??? ??????26???2%G UL????x8 ????-[?? ???"2%Ev?? ?x??k l~?j>?Y????!M?\*7yJ ?? T?????p?^?D?? "2FS?):?"??:?;K?????S????RC???t^&~?N??z?8??I??kE??5??k2m@?1??vH??J?D???I?I?k?b{???????DH??I?? ?w???? E.?b,?%z?x?A4????}/ ???_???F?q-? ?/ioS?????x?? 4???_????8./{? ??(?3???]??M??euw?C??, ??(? $? ?yM?''??(x? ??? ?(????[??'':????\???hU??"?u[?3az??h??Ag??3}?????%?;B?C8??" ?G????`?*Ig?N?iP??????+f???*? 4???*EL???l?Cv~TR?????q4?E???y=Cr?y??P?Ge''??Y? ?|n~ ??K)+?y?j?NTO?j?F?[>??&??????X?,B$?@N?? ?U?M#_?? ??k??q????,???l??/??x%????ai?(?F?I???*.?f?????=?.?xQIB?2???~?:G?O.?jN??[O??v?$?3??????????#?ab???????8??Z?N4?W:T? P{r r?_???????''?q?m??L?{?8?h?A???6a*T2$=??H????5XN?N???"?@???CY? ?l-8??B^D?Km??.??G? "?n ????? ??U?ShE?????)i??$?)???@?+???#???$????#???*?i0??|?32:''/?3???C,8 Wx???E???C??d????a9?? ?!?@SI? ? ?~?S?!???TKAJ?HWO7???D?RqRGqm??/fa?;OT3G??mWm??C? ?K?\???K ???R??z.&P?9Q?}???s;/9?????/?R??H?L???O??8??Q_n4R?????I??P?n????M???9"7C5?XrNdW,??`p?=(XR??s?,E?? ?Z?????????`&?W?*???a?a)?8?j???4?k?y??*?1?9)????s?bJ?o??S??&;:?>?!??7?U?%w?N??Bo??????>E?? M?[[yr_?ic?6l?:e1?0????m??z??P?mao47???f/?>|??ic??????)c/?#??O?`???%P??R;?.??}???i?ze?@???[f??mz?????*=|?("?? ??"?m???37?;| zAqnN??E>?sP4bn=??[I4?t?!???''??0V?????E???E? ?>???%k;K/N 7G??)19K?? )???]?????y''8?? 4c@???@1_O_?0kH{?k ?I?";?;???A?` ?U?X)`/?????}H,?;???B?]?2^%PM]i?L|???0???&?''?NTD??V?]ZY+""????"?l?&??D???(??D?C}D?(?*:??{????T?xNr????|7??r?? 5h??K??t?F?,[å? ?W??:_?|??''u?t????=L0?3?L?O`??`6??j??S?22k">;#?\??vx?cZ?d''?y/??iy???r?bO2"??P??{6km?`? ?!??`????4?O4~??b??e? ?????? ??? ~4???Dyx?N?1?4???W?2X6|?#?????W"???dk]I????nUk*h4?%6?. a4??/-?{??R?? N??Rg??m>??&7?F''??{????1k?vr???x??7F5Hs??F???&??*??Q????nl ???f????????/?yJ?&r^????_?p?(! g}?o?? ?m?C}??U?>SRx:w4q?)-?S c?|??????1o???M??h? {4a2;?1?zL???\Da???gY-_:?syo???^+?B??+?b??\G?+L???Ck]??B?w?%?M??W?q??XG2???X2?Q?????p????????;?p%?/`??H???+? J????l6$??O? kZ??i??~?????(????:W???:YvY?????[M??uU[\\==]????h????%?U(@a?A?F?WTG???*q?!wW?\??o?R?????????h??;??????:p???u?+A?????^?:???\???g????#??u(???v??G`??o??)??j?3?n3@??t??(?6???[?8.??X)X?l)2?mqO0y?`*???0W???Rf??Z26? D???3?n???F6??RN4??6L?&??M???[|??9?Rh*? ??\?S%?I? ???A?@? S= ?/X5???2R7_???e?n?"?}-???aL?,?? ????vK$h?2A3???x?!?????J ,???l q??a)PT???ya2???yh?>?`?/???%??z ???/??v?t??gk?|?=v,??s??????+??d??)?}??M??o?z????q??J?!?~???3????"?N? D?m????''.??qq?I8|?m?6)??J???v?4h/?W??8wJ ???9:e??>???,?+D_Yf????r??+_??$?''a@h(???t??p?TxS??` ???>>t?,????=R??^???NBC?_ ? ?F??????D??v>-G?m?bR???|?_?!eox?dt????= O??*?? ?lH???%_Ad/}?????m??&?????H"}?$?H?4??? x?9???}?5Wdh?r????5??¯U??EA??u;n?? ???Fw?2????m?&,/?!R9["0$?OI??) R??? ??*??$*+???Dl??#??r??az]??? tm6?c?R!?????U?I`???g ?w???0?R???RH+fp ??J?X?]????_F?V?u||!????6F???n?/Hk?????$?@???W?S????T??b2??8?8???u???N?t??l6??{~?M????????????24??B&e??S?N??? 6???:?!)???`N????K?N??`XC?O??|9??`?? ?9l?G00 X?p`??Y?.???p?@??]?j+2L?^?p$$J;w7W??:3^???1]??@???aR?¢?pj,??|??C?Qz?[y+D??i?q?^?fr??b.x??T$&f???; ??3x??3?Y];V??Rs0s?/m???X???????? F^=?~??0??XjT''o?dqr???8?c ???k??8?;????R?H??NS1??TH?TL11?i???J ???TI???uQm;~Rm)?? w?g~A4???h?q??B?h?-???|? ?v?UX?V>????|?Lf????ql????w4d$????????2}??&???o?>+''I??T^?d??tYj????A?kLE^=?,1?q?????????Y J ?¯J?"& ???z=y)o EK??.+?e?h??=GZ??+????e?]?8%?}W???U??Hp/ ??t?? INH?zI~U^?z??!? ?p:?p:?p:?pL??P)?Z?$ ~%?r/7g ?J?"&??|$?I????):x????p????ix???Wi??S`?#???O????{??=?C??x?7? 0???j endstream endobj 31 0 obj > endobj 32 0 obj > endobj 33 0 obj > endobj 34 0 obj > endobj 35 0 obj > endobj 36 0 obj > endobj 37 0 obj [ /Indexed /DeviceRGB 255 39 0 R ] endobj 38 0 obj 428 endobj 39 0 obj > stream 8;X]O>EqN@%''''O_@%e@?J;%+8(9e>X=MR6S?i^YgA3=].HDXF.R$lIL@"pJ+EP(%0 b]6ajmNZn*!=''OQZeQ^Y*,=]?C.B+\Ulg9dhD*"iC[;*=3`oP1[!S^)?1)IZ4dup` E1r!/,*0[*9.aFIR2&b-C#s oRZ7Dl%MLY\.?d>Mn 6%Q2oYfNRF$$+ON nDZ4OTs0S!saG>GGKUlQ*Q?45:CI&4J''_2j $XKrcYp0n+Xl_nU*O( l[$6Nn+Z_Nq0]s7hs]`XX1nZ8&94a\~> endstream endobj 40 0 obj > stream 8;Z]"lOLfT#_dR((Z`p=/i0r]/*[ =S. VPRYsh?7:0dk^5#Z$_9U2"4Lsj9#7RqP5)!ET>m7fqpsLRTWZ5bEC:] HF?^R2qa.FipIJ#29L*-CYp)+9L7\`C61:6%^E,3d3 B]PAc4Y$j#Di1:u.>\Jr=)"a]9a5U(N2mQiT;oG VGh] =a5_?"YSCJ>'':/3hS9!G[GM&dElQ;)~> endstream endobj 41 0 obj 367 endobj 42 0 obj > stream 8;Z]!CCYtN%"iX$$hhoVb:4&BKfhC3A9YosW!#L1G$;; t%Zf.5O6CPhHd-jdrHM@l.b`@#usO0p:[n 1ucPcp4b^5V-l5_a&"ou/ELKK)8]%5P_bKB.I,*''Gm8mP2Oe;7P1&ph!)#ih7r.b* /Db2LcJgUNTHNe"]\:A+V]eDhl0Uggm2"Bp_N.jeahm]ALFi))i097Qc%po`aUlV( OJXb-XEc4@*5tjn+X60%&(6eTPYjN*E-=_]`Dg6r$emQd=!PZ$7 rQP1 HIUuU&p&b$''q+>H/F!.1rI13]3dqP=)9e^&~> endstream endobj 43 0 obj 372 endobj 44 0 obj > stream 8;Z]";%eL($q,1:$h@6b;?goj5cE0l]=+g$aIpPn7O!S+M8\j4;+CjOL+;6["r?BH ;dW-tX_fc8^M*6:]l-&:/uU$?6;tamO44(0jf&T0(YBcg^]A/a31SI''.96ApS/)p+ \aB_nd_dk[DT7jFLWi,"F+P87537H^32D;siFQ](#l#6 iLogMb"RqrSh7og?[J&kL3D-`?nDme7EbQ*bLn:TQC1Jc_,45;.T;7F ^aPIp6%]q#@?bu(D>&=TrT-IY89fW`H3[&iU3G;`&P\Rl;_"3?cc\um)Jj0RGNCs% Y+)W#4Q:N67#I''pOX7G#L?oBuhS5jL[\!X%TdY]O~> endstream endobj 45 0 obj 331 endobj 46 0 obj > stream 8;Z]"m1+_%$q:''m0A&MW?(?;`?sQF0U_hKie@B6Ugl;Q*Dh7i#7>H''l*)#\bqA(F@ HHF0s/?K''0r"F1JT33Ll*#6p^bnG!bP(jdGAXp[F*gYpE8/f + U2]V=][Is/f+`N3@+J_f+V83B9*doaY"Lk*GYK^1GgFqN@j;Wu,$SBKc!#Y/b2[#s ZU_^\JVlM9g"P+r6JT%6g@g056_a@ugCOfhV_Cc8gWYYH(bd1GM:lp[h9_H4ht9pH ,n"=U-LSGJ]''i4R,Y=.%*Tr?7q^t(2]^"OT&lXL]$C*Y19 endstream endobj 47 0 obj > stream c01.indd ctlltd endstream endobj 48 0 obj > endobj 49 0 obj > /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC /ImageI ] /ExtGState > /ColorSpace > >> endobj 50 0 obj > endobj 51 0 obj > endobj 52 0 obj > endobj 53 0 obj > endobj 54 0 obj > endobj 55 0 obj > stream x??ZKo?F??W?Ql??$???;qf7?c??b?%?HE?F??L???????2-??$A?V??^_?????$?n????GX=f?>?n????a5??>cD?"?d4)XAv????????@?? ??#\????f7w?j????]?I??j?''??s?C%MR?U?8??r???A??b?=_P??,i?????A U?''??11?|h*?????1o??jqMe??}?6?????I??c?sn?VJ8? ???I?????R?#3??W????2P?( I???9O??5O???????4??vO&l????{? ?????H-4?FzO?S$ $? ??????+Rv??e????+?Yo?nC?fI???]?-(???9?? ??Q6M??)0e0?Pnf?n??t?b~\??zI?????@??T%|??U?[?+?y?>??Y?UY(_???i?WCIDy???,y??"U???jd??7Y???p^E?UmQX???z????luyhPu????b$?x ? ot3?i?\?M?? H??Y?yQ`*??m??]?X]?>:??=?V+ ?h?%G4??cQ?d?T??y??!? ????{??????)6?J?????4??(?A????? ?xj???Cl?? ${8O`r?=?O?7@E2N??W:???w?Y?6?c?4???&?A ????B???\? F??q/j????`?3?? !n~?X#?\:-!?O?;?n??KqAX????Q?????????K?E???????4??8?@#??[?`??g? u???iZ??=?%?zG??CA??????69????~?\:w?*??7G4???!?}c?5????.?:(??H??Gn??F?Y ??|7D??????PO{?:nr7v ??[????u4)??r?)????9??rn??M{??7?2??2?dHRRC???L?S????&e?u&ub???.O?i??????!?R??????????.??V/(????E?? ???#??;G??j???@A?b?}??(G??o?947??gL8t?4ccN??c?????*O?g\???r????????m?}????? ??T?KH}????;?; ???e??Q3A??u5j?)q?Z???U??G,vw??BE????t?~7?????DN???J??!?D??&?????L?V?g?v?????MHgS???;?`??t?+??-L???????? dfn???8s?m?nVCA4u?V>n]peo vY?p?:jK?]q??yJ??X??a''f????@?R_j?xULLj1+???8???????W?k?X?p??pb?#??qY?J1aFd?B`????z;TMD G?/?)??B 4?FJ?\?>? ???W ???m?P?m?.??A?,]OXt??#U??e???]u?&^P?? ?Y??t??vk! ??d&?+? ????f F ?ts?r??,mwmg??]?,?!???>?;?0L?e,?(?????=??? ??9???0e?f????)???I?D0?! ??$?3R??_.R???"??2??h)????????gT??F??i?gxK?!?%r1k?6??UGQ???^-??q?2P?'' ?H???q-?\psIP?j?N(!@?????V??0?''@coU?x9)????q??=????Zu3???K ??2??Ej{S??T?L?r??$?#)uJ?????=w\,??!? Z#D?X?#?@Gg????@/#?g?_???VoG?k7?b?:[?8 ?w??;?d???Y?9g?9 ???s?t?:z.???,?f???8?)??r;s\?%;????,?[:_ZW????[?.???`?]:?;z.??t?w?????8?/?????z?eA? ????"???p???U?p??:J??R?????? \?????0??!??w?2??????}????????????????? endstream endobj xref 0 56 0000000000 65535 f 0000000044 00000 n 0000000224 00000 n 0000001409 00000 n 0000002602 00000 n 0000003784 00000 n 0000004968 00000 n 0000005083 00000 n 0000005199 00000 n 0000005313 00000 n 0000005368 00000 n 0000005475 00000 n 0000006078 00000 n 0000006259 00000 n 0000009466 00000 n 0000009654 00000 n 0000010841 00000 n 0000011022 00000 n 0000013858 00000 n 0000014036 00000 n 0000014217 00000 n 0000016824 00000 n 0000017046 00000 n 0000031081 00000 n 0000031298 00000 n 0000044936 00000 n 0000045156 00000 n 0000061376 00000 n 0000061599 00000 n 0000079416 00000 n 0000079631 00000 n 0000090411 00000 n 0000090604 00000 n 0000090632 00000 n 0000090673 00000 n 0000090896 00000 n 0000092064 00000 n 0000092151 00000 n 0000092202 00000 n 0000092222 00000 n 0000092745 00000 n 0000093329 00000 n 0000093349 00000 n 0000093872 00000 n 0000093892 00000 n 0000094420 00000 n 0000094440 00000 n 0000094927 00000 n 0000098332 00000 n 0000098529 00000 n 0000098820 00000 n 0000098907 00000 n 0000098966 00000 n 0000099023 00000 n 0000099071 00000 n 0000099171 00000 n trailer ] /Root 36 0 R >> startxref 102393 %%EOF

Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Edition.

The Authors.

Chapter 1 Introduction.

PART ONE GRADING IN THE CLASSROOM.

Chapter 2 Clarifying Goals, Constructing Assignments.

Chapter 3 Fostering Healthy Student Motivation.

Chapter 4 Establishing Criteria and Standards for Grading.

Chapter 5 Linking Teaching, Learning, and Grading.

Chapter 6 Managing Time for Teaching, Learning, and Responding.

Chapter 7 Making Grading More Time-Efficient.

Chapter 8 Calculating Course Grades.

Chapter 9 Communicating with Students About Their Grades.

Chapter 10 Using the Grading Process to Improve Teaching.

PART TWO HOW GRADING SERVES BROADER ASSESSMENT PURPOSES.

Chapter 11 Assessment for Departments and General Education.

Chapter 12 Case Studies of Departmental and General Education Assessment.

Chapter 13 Assessment for Grant Proposals.

Appendix A: Examples of Rubrics.

Appendix B: Example of Departmental Assessment Report.

References.

Index.