Efficiency and Complexity in Grammars

Paperback | November 17, 2004

byJohn A. HawkinsAs told byJohn A. Hawkins

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This book addresses a question fundamental to any discussion of grammatical theory and grammatical variation: to what extent can principles of grammar be explained through language use? John A. Hawkins argues that there is a profound correspondence between performance data and the fixedconventions of grammars. Preferences and patterns found in the one, he shows, are reflected in constraints and variation patterns in the other. The theoretical consequences of the proposed 'performance-grammar correspondence hypothesis' are far-reaching -- for current grammatical formalisms, for theinnateness hypothesis, and for psycholinguistic models of performance and learning. Drawing on empirical generalizations and insights from language typology, generative grammar, psycholinguistics, and historical linguistics, Professor Hawkins demonstrates that the assumption that grammars are immuneto performance is false. He presents detailed empirical case studies and arguments for an alternative theory in which performance has shaped the conventions of grammars and thus the variation patterns found in the world's languages. The innateness of language, he argues, resides primarily in themechanisms human beings have for processing and learning it. This important book will interest researchers in linguistics (including typology and universals, syntax, grammatical theory, historical linguistics, functional linguistics, and corpus linguistics), psycholinguistics (including parsing, production, and acquisition), computational linguistics(including language-evolution modelling and electronic corpus development); and cognitive science (including the modeling of the performance-competence relationship, pragmatics, and relevance theory).

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This book addresses a question fundamental to any discussion of grammatical theory and grammatical variation: to what extent can principles of grammar be explained through language use? John A. Hawkins argues that there is a profound correspondence between performance data and the fixedconventions of grammars. Preferences and patterns ...

John A. Hawkins completed his PhD at Cambridge University in 1975. He has held positions at the University of Essex, the Max-Planck-Institute for Psycholinguistics, and the University of Southern California. In 2003 he was elected to a chair at Cambridge. His visiting appointments include UCLA, Berkeley, Potsdam, and the Max-Planck-In...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:324 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.75 inPublished:November 17, 2004Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199252696

ISBN - 13:9780199252695

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction2. Linguistics Forms, Properties and Efficient Signaling3. Defining the Efficiency Principles and their Predictions4. More on Form Minimization5. Adjacency Effects Within Phrases6. Minimal Forms in complements/Adjuncts and Proximity7. Relative Clause and Wh-movement Universals8. Symmetries, Asymmetric Dependencies and Earliness Effects9. ConclusionsAbbreviationsReferencesIndex of AuthorsIndex of LanguagesSubject Index