Eisenhower's Sputnik Moment: The Race For Space And World Prestige by Yanek MieczkowskiEisenhower's Sputnik Moment: The Race For Space And World Prestige by Yanek Mieczkowski

Eisenhower's Sputnik Moment: The Race For Space And World Prestige

byYanek Mieczkowski

Hardcover | March 12, 2013

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In a critical Cold War moment, Dwight D. Eisenhower's presidency suddenly changed when the Soviet Union launched Sputnik, the world's first satellite. What Ike called "a small ball" became a source of Russian pride and propaganda, and it wounded him politically, as critics charged that he responded sluggishly to the challenge of space exploration. Yet Eisenhower refused to panic after Sputnik—and he did more than just stay calm. He helped to guide the United States into the Space Age, even though Americans have given greater credit to John F. Kennedy for that achievement.

In Eisenhower's Sputnik Moment, Yanek Mieczkowski examines the early history of America's space program, reassessing Eisenhower's leadership. He details how Eisenhower approved breakthrough satellites, supported a new civilian space agency, signed a landmark science education law, and fostered improved relations with scientists. These feats made Eisenhower’s post-Sputnik years not the flop that critics alleged but a time of remarkable progress, even as he endured the setbacks of recession, medical illness, and a humiliating first U.S. attempt to launch a satellite. Eisenhower’s principled stands enabled him to resist intense pressure to boost federal spending, and he instead pursued his priorities—a balanced budget, prosperous economy, and sturdy national defense. Yet Sputnik also altered the world’s power dynamics, sweeping Eisenhower in directions that were new, even alien, to him, and he misjudged the importance of space in the Cold War’s "prestige race." By contrast, Kennedy capitalized on the issue in the 1960 election, and after taking office he urged a manned mission to the moon, leaving Eisenhower to grumble over the young president’s aggressive approach.

Offering a fast-paced account of this Cold War episode, Mieczkowski demonstrates that Eisenhower built an impressive record in space and on earth, all the while offering warnings about America’s stature and strengths that still hold true today.

Yanek Mieczkowski is Professor of History at Dowling College. He is the author of Gerald Ford and the Challenges of the 1970s and The Routledge Historical Atlas of Presidential Elections.
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Title:Eisenhower's Sputnik Moment: The Race For Space And World PrestigeFormat:HardcoverDimensions:368 pages, 9.25 × 6.13 × 0.39 inPublished:March 12, 2013Publisher:CORNELL UNIVERSITY PRESSLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0801451507

ISBN - 13:9780801451508

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Table of Contents

Introduction

Part One: Sputnik
1. What Was the Sputnik "Panic"?
2. "The Most Fateful Decision of His Presidency"
3. Eisenhower's Reaction to Sputnik
4. Eisenhower's Principles

Part Two: Setbacks
5. Cheerleader-in-Chief
6. "Gloom, Gloom, Gloom"
7. Space Highs, Economic Lows
8. Eisenhower's Rival
9. “Radical Moves”
10. Order from Chaos
11. Defeat and a SCORE
12. Priorities and Prestige

Part Three: Space
13. Satellites, Saturn, Spacemen
14. Voyages, Mirages, Images
15. Space, Prestige, and the 1960 Race
16. Eisenhower versus Kennedy

Conclusion

Acknowledgments
Notes
Bibliography
Index

Editorial Reviews

"Yanek Mieczkowski's new book helps greatly to clear away the deep weeds of political rhetoric and posturing about Sputnik in the early Cold War years, enabling the reader to understand fully the moment, President Eisenhower's response to it, and the consequences of his response. In my documentary on Eisenhower's Cold War leadership (Ike: Building Weapons, Talking Peace), I let Mieczkowski and his excellent research tell the real story behind Sputnik's apparent scientific and political 'triumphs' for the Soviet Union in the race for control of the heavens and superiority in the Cold War."—George A. Colburn, writer and producer of Eisenhower's Secret War