Elections and Democracy in Greater China: Elections & Democracy In Great

Paperback | June 15, 2001

EditorLarry Diamond, Ramon H. Myers

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The authoritarian Chinese regimes governing Taiwan, Mainland China, and Hong Kong allowed limited electoral competition during the last half century. In Taiwan that process evolved over more than three decades before leading to the formation of an opposition party under martial law in lateSeptember 1986 and the blossoming of full democracy in March 2000 when that opposition party replaced the ruling party. In Mainland China and Hong Kong, limited electoral competition has only evolved over the last fifteen years or so. This volume examines why and how limited electoral competition developed in Greater China. The editors use a typology and different concepts to analyse how the political centre in these three Chinese societies historically interacted with society and how different regime change took place. Theiranalysis attributes Taiwan's robust electoral competition under martial law to political breakthroughs in the political, ideological, economic, and organizational marketplaces. Without similar political breakthroughs in Mainland China and Hong Kong, their limited electoral processes are not likely to lead to the election of one or more opposition parties in Mainland China and the direct election of a Hong Kong governor and parliament. These two authoritarian regimes haveadopted different institutions, or rules, to limit electoral competition. Moreover, different changes have been taking place in their political, ideological, economic, and organizational marketplaces than occurred in Taiwan. Therefore, whether these two Chinese societies can mimic the Taiwandemocratization path remains problematic. Only the passage of time will reveal whether their limited electoral competitive processes can transform into full democracy.

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The authoritarian Chinese regimes governing Taiwan, Mainland China, and Hong Kong allowed limited electoral competition during the last half century. In Taiwan that process evolved over more than three decades before leading to the formation of an opposition party under martial law in lateSeptember 1986 and the blossoming of full democ...

Larry Diamond is Senior Research Fellow at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University. Ramon H. Myers is Senior Fellow and Curator--Scholar of the East Asian Collection of the Hoover Institution, Stanford University.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:208 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.51 inPublished:June 15, 2001Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199244170

ISBN - 13:9780199244171

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Table of Contents

1. Larry Diamond and Ramon H. Myers: Introduction: Elections and Democracy in Greater China2. Linda Chao and Ramon H. Myers: How Elections Promoted Democracy in Taiwan under Martial Law3. Suzanne Pepper: Elections, Political Change and Basic Government Law: The Hong Kong System in Search of a Political Forum4. Richard Baum: Democracy Deformed: Hong Kong's 1998 Legislative Elections---and Beyond5. Kevin J. O'Brien and Lianjiang Li: Accommodating "Democracy" in a One-Party State: Introducing Village Elections in China6. Robert A. Pastor and Quingshan Tan: The Meaning of China's Village Elections7. Jean C. Oi and Scott Rozelle: Elections and Power: The Locus of Decision-Making in Chinese Villages8. Tianjian Shi: Cultural Values and Democracy in the People's Republic of China