Electron Crystallography: Electron Microscopy and Electron Diffraction

Hardcover | October 19, 2011

byXiaodong Zou, Sven Hovmoller, Peter Oleynikov

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In the modern world of ever smaller devices and nanotechnology, electron crystallography emerges as the most important method capable of determining the structure of minute objects down to the size of individual atoms. Crystals of only a few millionths of a millimetre are studied. This is thefirst textbook explaining how this is done. Great attention is given to symmetry in crystals and how it manifests itself in electron microscopy and electron diffraction, and how this symmetry can be determined and taken advantage of in achieving improved electron microscopy images and solvingcrystal structures from electron diffraction patterns.Theory and practice are combined; experimental images, diffraction patterns, formulae and numerical data are discussed in parallel, giving the reader a complete understanding of what goes on inside the "black boxes" of computer programs.This up-to-date textbook contains the newest techniques in electron crystallography, including detailed descriptions and explanations of the recent remarkable successes in determining the very complex structures of zeolites and intermetallics. The controversial issue of whether there is phaseinformation present in electron micrsocopy images or not is also resolved once and for all. The extensive appendices include computer labs which have been used at various courses at Stockholm University and international schools in electron crystallography, with applications to the textbook. Students can download image processing programs and follow these lab instructions to get a hands-onexperience of electron crystallography.

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From the Publisher

In the modern world of ever smaller devices and nanotechnology, electron crystallography emerges as the most important method capable of determining the structure of minute objects down to the size of individual atoms. Crystals of only a few millionths of a millimetre are studied. This is thefirst textbook explaining how this is done. ...

Xiaodong Zou is the chair of Inorganic and Structural Chemistry Unit, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, and director of the Berzelii Centre EXSELENT on Porous Materials, Stockholm University. Sven Hovmoller was visiting scientist in Madrid and Nantes and was Secretary of the IUCr commission on Electron Crystallogra...
Format:HardcoverDimensions:344 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.91 inPublished:October 19, 2011Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199580200

ISBN - 13:9780199580200

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Table of Contents

Preface1. Electron crystallography - an introductionI. Fundamental crystallography2. Fundamental crystallography3. The effects of symmetry in real and reciprocal spaceII. Fundamental electron microscopy4. Fundamental electron microscopy5. Electrons interact strongly with matter6. Electron diffraction7. Phase identification and 3D electron diffraction8. Phase contrast, contrast transfer function (CTF) and high resolution electron microscopy (HRTEM)9. Convergent beam electron diffraction10. Simulation of Images and electron diffraction patternsIII. Structure determination by electron crystallography11. Solving crystal structures from HRTEM images by crystallographic image processing12. Experimental procedures for Crystallographic Image Processing13. Solving crystal structures from ED data14. Structure refinement from ED data15. 3D electron crystallography16. ApplicationsIV. AppendicesAppendix 1: Goals of a course in electron crystallographyAppendix 2: Sample preparationAppendix 3: Reflection conditions generated by symmetry elements and latticeAppendix 4: Characteristics of the 17 plane groups and 3D Space group determinationAppendix 5: Convolutions, Fourier transforms and how to get phases - an introductionAppendix 6: Identify HRTEM images, Calculated FT from HRTEM images, SAED patterns and potential mapsAppendix 7: Computer lab on crystallographic image processing of HRTEM imagesAppendix 8: Indexing electron diffraction patternsAppendix 9: Computer lab on quantifying and analysing electron diffraction patternsAppendix 10. Determining space group and unit cell dimensions from ED patterns- Web page/ Server- Computer labs, including processing HRTEM images and ED patterns, Original Datasets, Figures, Images and ED patterns - related to the examples described in the book, The programs CRISP, ELD and SpaceGroup Explorer

Editorial Reviews

`The fields of electron microscopy and electron diffraction have been around for a long time and, until recently, it has proved difficult to use these techniques to determine the structures of crystals in the way that traditional x-ray crystallographers have been doing. However, the newsubject of Electron Crystallography has been rapidly developing and this book shows beautifully how modern electron microscopes can now be used to solve crystal structures. The authors have produced a unique and thorough work that will enable students and researchers alike to learn how this isdone. Electron Crystallography is the only book that I am aware of that describes modern electron diffraction/microscopy at a genuinely readable level. It should find a place on the shelves of students and researchers alike.' Michael Glazer, Department of Physics, University of Oxford