Elements of Sociology: A Critical Canadian Introduction by John SteckleyElements of Sociology: A Critical Canadian Introduction by John Steckley

Elements of Sociology: A Critical Canadian Introduction

byJohn Steckley

Paperback | February 1, 2017

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Acclaimed by instructors and students alike for its fresh, innovative approach to the discipline, Elements of Sociology is back and better than ever. Filled with entertaining anecdotes, relatable real-life examples, compelling narratives, and thought-provoking discussion questions, the fourthedition challenges students to think differently about both sociology and the world around them.
John Steckley was a professor of sociology and anthropology at Humber College for more than 20 years. He is the author of over a dozen books and 200 articles in scholarly journals. A specialist in Aboriginal languages, culture, and history, he has previously worked as a consultant on CBC's Canada: A People's History and is currently se...
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Title:Elements of Sociology: A Critical Canadian IntroductionFormat:PaperbackDimensions:528 pages, 11 × 8.5 × 0.6 inPublished:February 1, 2017Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199019630

ISBN - 13:9780199019632

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Table of Contents

Note: Each chapter includes:- Wrap It Up- Think Back- Read OnPart One: Foundations of Sociology1. Introduction to SociologyFor Starters: Doughnut Shops, Drive-Throughs, and the Value of SociologyIntroduction: Why This Textbook Is a Little DifferentIntroduction to Sociology- Sociology and Issues- Sociology as a Discipline- What Is Sociology?- Why Study Sociology?The Heart of Sociology: The Sociological ImaginationThe Origins of Sociology- The Development of Sociology in the West- Max Weber: A Founder of Modern Sociology- The Spread of Sociology to North AmericaThe Development of Canadian Sociology- McGill University: Dawson, Hughes, and Miner- The University of Toronto: Harold Innis and S.D. Clark- Social Class and Ethnicity: John Porter- Three Early Women Sociologists and the Writing of Gender in Canada- The Growth of Sociology in CanadaDifferent Kinds of Sociology1. Sociology by Approach2. Sociology by Audience2. Social Research MethodsFor Starters: Fact, Theory, Hypothesis, and Wondering Why People Speed Up When I Pass ThemIntroduction: Research Methodology Is No Joking MatterInsider versus Outsider Perspective: Challenging Sociology's Positivist TraditionQualitative versus Quantitative ResearchQualitative Research- Ethnography- Institutional Ethnography- The Case Study Approach- NarrativesAlternative Qualitative Research Methods- Content Analysis- Discourse Analysis- GenealogyQuantitative Research- Understanding Statistics- Using Operational Definitions- Research Surveys and a Lesson in Interpreting Poll Results- Variables and Correlations- Spurious Reasoning: Correlation Is Not Causation- Critical Thinking and Statistics- Ethics and ResearchSocial Research Methods: A Final WordPart Two: Social Structures3. CultureFor Starters: Culture and Claiming SpaceIntroduction: What We Mean by Culture and Why It's ContestedWhat Kinds of Cultures Are There?- Dominant Culture versus Subculture and Counterculture- High Culture versus Popular CultureNorms- Sanctions- Folkways, Mores, and TaboosCulture Symbols- The Veil as a Symbol for Canadian Muslim WomenValues- Canadian and American ValuesEthnocentrism- The Potlach Act of 1884- Eurocentrism- Cultural GlobalizationCultural Relativism- Cultural Relativism, Ethnocentrism, and Smell: Two StoriesSociolinguistics- Dialect as a Sociological Term- Linguistic Determinism and Relativity4. SocializationFor Starters: Playing for Fun vs Playing to Win: A New Policy and Its Effect on Youth Sports as an Agent of SocializationIntroduction: Socialization Is a Learning ProcessDeterminism: Nature versus Nurture- Biological Determinism- Social or Cultural Determinism: Behaviourism- Sigmund Freud: Balancing the Biological and the Sociocultural- The Oversocialized View of Human BehaviourAgents of Socialization- Significant Other, Generalized Other, and Sense of Self- Family- Peer Group- Community and Neighbourhood- Mass Media- EducationIssues of Socialization- Male Readers- "Hurried" ChildrenSecondary Socialization and Resocialization- Hazing as Resocialization5. Social Roles, Interaction, and OrganizationFor Starters: Learning to Be a StepfatherIntroduction: Why Sociologists Obsess over StatusSocial Status- Sexual Orientation and Status: A Problem Area- Master Status- Status Hierarchy- Status InconsistencySocial Roles- Role Strain- Role Conflict- Role ExitStudying Social Interaction in Small GroupsStudying Social Interaction in Large Groups: An Introduction to Social Organization- Organizational Structure- The Study of Organizations- Feminist OrganizationsBureaucracy- The Origins of Bureaucracy- Bureaucracy and Formal Rationalization- The Evolution of Formal Rationality- The McDonaldization of the World- Social Order through Social Organization6. DevianceFor Starters: Gordon Dias, 1985-2001Introduction: What Is Deviance?Conflict Deviance- Deviance Is Contested across Cultures- Deviance Is Contested within Cultures- Deviance Can Change- Social Constructionism versus Essentialism- The Other- Deviance and the Moral Panic"Race" and Deviance: To Be Non-white Is Deviant- Crossing the Border While Black: A Case of Racial Profiling- The Yellow Envelope Story: A Case of Racializing DevianceGender and Deviance: To Be Female Is Deviant- "Fallen Women" Sexual Deviance as Gendered- Being Incorrigible: Gendered Deviance in OntarioClass and Deviance: To Be Poor Is DeviantSexual Orientation and Deviance: To Be Gay Is DeviantDisability and Deviance: To Be Disabled Is DeviantCriminal Deviance- Three Theories of Criminal Deviance- White Collar CrimePart Three: Social Difference7. Social InequalityFor Starters: A Picture of Poverty in Canada's BackyardIntroduction: Is Social Inequality Inevitable?Marx and Weber: Historical Approaches to the Study of Social Class- Marx's Historical Context- Class as a Social Identity- Weber's Critique of MarxUsing Class to Study Social Inequality TodayHow Class Divisions Are Reflected in Popular Sport- Class Divisions and Popular Sport- Class ReductionismSocial Stratification: An Alternative to Social InequalityIdeology: Explaining Social Inequality- Dominant Ideology and Counter-Ideology- Liberal Ideology- HegemonyPoverty and Excess: The Real Effects of Social Inequality- Canada's Haves and Have-Nots: The Extremes of the Social Inequality Spectrum- Social Inequality and Education- Dentistry as an Indicator of Social Inequality8. "Race" and EthnicityFor Starters: RefugeesIntroduction to "Race": Why the Scare Quotes?Racialization in Canada- Indigenous People in Canada- Blacks in Canada- Mind Traps in the Study of Blacks in CanadaRacism- Four Elements of Racism- Master Narratives and Buried KnowledgeEthnicity- Primordialism- Postcolonialism- Ethnicity as Epiphenomenal- Instrumentalism- Social Constructivism- SummaryEthnicity in Canada: Classic Studies- Ethnic Class: English and French in Quebec- John Porter and the Vertical MosaicLandmarks in the Sociological Study of "Race"- W.E.B. Du Bois: First Black Sociologist- Daniel G. Hill: First Black Canadian Sociologist- Crenshaw, Collins, and Intersectionality Theory: Tracking "Race" and Gender9. Gender and SexualityFor Starters: What It Means to Be a ManIntroduction: Sex and Gender - What's the Difference?Sex, Gender, and Sexuality: A Primer- Case Studies in the Relationship between Sex and GenderFeminism and Gender Theory: Four Categories- Liberal Feminism- Essentialist Feminism- Socialist Feminism- Postmodernist FeminismGendered Occupation and Education- Gendered Jobs- What Keeps Women from Taking Science- and Math-Related Courses?- Feminization of Occupations- Being a Gender Minority in a Gendered Occupation"Race" and Gender: Intersecting Oppression- Opposing Gender/"Race" Stereotypes- Gender and ImmigrationPart Four: Social Institutions10. FamilyFor Starters: Can I Blame It All on My Parents?Introduction: Family Is DiverseNine Changes in the Canadian Family1. The marriage rate is decreasing while the cohabitation rate is rising.2. The age of first marriage is rising.3. There are more divorces overall, but the rate is falling.4. More women are having children in their thirties.5. The number of children per family has dropped below the "replacement rate."6. There are more couples without children than with.7. Children are leaving home at a later age.8. There are more lone-parent families.9. There are more people living alone.Family in QuebecConjugal Roles- Earning and Caring: Changes in Conjugal RolesThe Ethnic Factor in Conjugal RolesMarrying "In" and Marrying "Out"Family and Ethnicity- Attacks on the Indigenous Family11. ReligionFor Starters: The Christmas RantIntroduction: The Sociocultural Elements of ReligionReligion and Class IntersectDurkheim and the Elementary Forms of Religious Life- What Is Religion?- Three Key Elements of Religion- Collective Consciousness and the Sacred and Profane- Durkheim's Study of ReligionCanadian Society and Religion- Trends- Age Group versus CohortReligion and the Family- Religion and the Marginalized Family- Imports from Britain- Hutterites: Religion and FamilyReligion and Gender- Gender Construction among the Hutterites- Women Priests in the Anglican Church- Banning Burkini, Headscarves, and Other Conspicuous Religious SymbolsReligion and Social Change- Christian Religious Colonialism and Its Impact among Indigenous People in Canada- The Missionary Position- Liberation Theology12. EducationFor Starters: The Academic Underclass: Take a Good Look at Your ProfessorIntroduction: Education as a Social InstitutionReligion and Class IntersectThe Rise of Public Education in Canada- Post-war Expansion and the Human Capital Thesis- Models of Public Education in CanadaTopics in the Sociology of Education- The Hidden Curriculum- Cultural Reproduction Theory- Homework and its Sociological Effects- Issues in Indigenous EducationIssues in Postsecondary Education- Long-Term Adjunct Instructors: An Educational Underclass- Online Teaching: A Critical Sociological Approach- Do You Want Fries with that Degree?- The Sociology of Plagiarism- Cultures of Education13. Health and MedicineFor Starters: Men's Pain and Women's PainIntroduction: The Social Side of MedicineThe Sick RoleThe Social Course of DiseaseBiomedicineMedicalization- Ivan Illich: Pioneering Critic of Medicalization- Big Pharma: The Role of Drug Companies in MedicalizationMedical Sociology, Race, and Ethnicity- Unemployed Immigrant Doctors: A Problem with Many Standpoints- The Racialization of Disease: The 2003 SARS OurbreakMedical Sociology and Gender- Physicians and Gender- Male Nurses- Medical Marginality: The Intersectionality of Gender and "Race"Medical Sociology and Class- The Inverse Care Law- Rising Tuition Fees and Medical StudentsFinal Thoughts: Twelve Tips for Better HealthPart Five: Global Perspectives14. The EnvironmentFor Starters: Not In My Country: Rich Countries Dumping Waste in Poor CountriesEnvironmental Sociology: Science or Social Science?Assessing Environmental Arguments: Two Keys for Social Scientists- Operational Definitions- Vested InterestsSocial Ecology- Industrial Pollution and Social Ecology- Industrial Communities and the Disposable People of PollutionThe Environment and "Race"- Ken Saro-Wiwa: Resisting Pollution- The Case of Grassy NarrowsThe Environment and Class- Walkerton and the Social Politics of Water- The China Price: The True Cost of Chinese Competitive Advantage15. Social Change And The FutureFor Starters: Raging Against the MachineIntroduction: Why Predicting the Future is a Fool's GameFive Interpretations of Social Change1. Modernism2. Conservatism3. Postmodernism4. Evolution5. FashionSocial Change in Canada: Two Case Studies- Social Change and the Decline of the Cod Fishery in Newfoundland and Labrador- Religious Change: Islam as a Canadian ReligionSocial Change and Sociology in CanadaConcluding Narrative: Where Does Sociology Go From Here?

Editorial Reviews

"If you are looking for an introductory text that has an edge and emphasizes critical perspectives, this is it." --Xiaoping Li, Okanagan College