Emancipation, the Media, and Modernity: Arguments about the Media and Social Theory

Paperback | April 1, 2000

byNicholas Garnham

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This book adopts a polemical stance. It approaches the problems raised by the media by way of a set of arguments with the two dominant paradigms now current for thinking about the media-post-modernism and Information Society theory. It argues that the media are important because they raise aset of questions that have been central to social and political theory since the Enlightenment. In a series of probes into different sets of questions raised by the media, the argument of the book focuses on the problem raised by what Kant called the unsocial sociability of human kind. Under whatconditions could autonomous, free individuals live in viable social communities. Or to put it another way what are the related scope for, and limits on, human reason and emancipation. In conducting this argument the book first argues for a necessarily historical perspective. It then goes on to examine the implications for emancipation of seeing the media as cultural industries within the wider systems world of the capitalist market economy; of seeing the media as technologies; ofthe specialisation of intellectual production and of the separation and increasing social distance between the producers and consumers of symbols. It then goes on to argue, against current ethnographic trends in audience research and against the focus on everyday life, for a reinstatement ofinterest in the statistical reality of audiences and effects, and for a recognition through a return to the Hegelian roots of commodity fetishism, and the symbolic interactionist creation of identities, that an active audience can be actively involved in its own domination. The argument then turnsto the problem of how we evaluate the symbolic forms that the media circulate and whether such evaluation can be anything more than a matter of personal taste. It is argued that evaluation is in practice unavoidable and without some standards that are more than just subjective any criticism of themedias performance is impossible. Via an examination of the debate between the sociology of art and aesthetics it argues for the ethical foundations of aesthetic judgement and for the establishment of agreed standards of aesthetic judgement via the discourse ethic that underlies the argument of theentire book. This foregrounding of the discourse ethic then leads on to a discussion of the media and politics. Here the argument is that arguments about the media and politics are at the heart of arguments about politics itself. These arguments focus, it is argued, upon the shifting divisionbetween the public and the private. Here the book returns to the roots of public sphere theory in Rousseaus arguments for the centrality of public spectacle and Kants argument for the centrality of public reason in the practice of democratic politics.

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This book adopts a polemical stance. It approaches the problems raised by the media by way of a set of arguments with the two dominant paradigms now current for thinking about the media-post-modernism and Information Society theory. It argues that the media are important because they raise aset of questions that have been central to so...

Nicholas Garnham is Professor of Media Studies, University of Westminster
Format:PaperbackPublished:April 1, 2000Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019874224X

ISBN - 13:9780198742241

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Table of Contents

Introduction: The media, emancipation and modernityMedia histories, media theories and modernityThe Media as Cultural IndustriesThe Media as TechnologiesMedia ProducersAudiences: Interpretation and consumptionCulture, Ideology and AestheticsMedia and PoliticsBibliography

Editorial Reviews

`This is the first book to start from a recognition of the new kind of polity that has developed out of the past 40 years or so in which politics and the public media are mutually embedded and government impossible without the complementary of both.' Nicholas Garnham, THES, 3rd Nov. 2000.