What produces emotions? Why do we have emotions? How do we have emotions? Why do emotional states feel like something? What is the relation between emotion, and reward value, and subjective feelings of pleasure? How is the value of a good represented in the brain? Will neuroeconomics replaceclassical microeconomics? How does the brain implement decision-making? Are gene-defined rewards and emotions in the interests of the genes, and does rational multistep planning enable us to go beyond selfish genes to long-term plans and social contracts in the interests of the individual? This bookseeks explanations of emotion and decision-making by considering these questions. The topics covered include:* The nature of emotion, and a theory of emotion* The functions of emotion, including a Darwinian theory of the adaptive value of emotion, which helps to illuminate many aspects of brain design and behaviour* The brain mechanisms of emotion* Affective states and motivated behaviour: hunger and sexual behaviour* The pharmacology of emotion, and brain mechanisms for action* Neuroeconomics, and the foundation of economic value* Decision-making* Emotional feelings, and consciousness* Neural networks involved in emotionThe book will be valuable for those in the fields of neuroscience and neurology, psychology, psychiatry, and philosophy.