Empty Ideas: A Critique of Analytic Philosophy

Hardcover | June 18, 2014

byPeter Unger

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Peter Unger's provocative new book poses a serious challenge to contemporary analytic philosophy, arguing that to its detriment it focuses the predominance of its energy on "empty ideas." In the mid-twentieth century, philosophers generally agreed that, by contrast with science, philosophy should offer no substantial thoughts about the general nature of concrete reality. Leading philosophers were concerned with little more than the semantics of ordinary words. For example: Our word"perceives" differs from our word "believes" in that the first word is used more strictly than the second. While someone may be correct in saying "I believe there's a table before me" whether or not there is a table before her, she will be correct in saying "I perceive there's a table before me"only if there is a table there. Though just a parochial idea, whether or not it is correct does make a difference to how things are with concrete reality. In Unger's terms, it is a concretely substantial idea. Alongside each such parochial substantial idea, there is an analytic or conceptualthought, as with the thought that someone may believe there is a table before her whether or not there is one, but she will perceive there is a table before her only if there is a table there. Empty of import as to how things are with concrete reality, those thoughts are what Unger calls concretelyempty ideas. It is widely assumed that, since about 1970, things had changed thanks to the advent of such thoughts as the content externalism championed by Hilary Putnam and Donald Davidson, various essentialist thoughts offered by Saul Kripke, and so on. Against that assumption, Unger argues that, with hardlyany exceptions aside from David Lewis's theory of a plurality of concrete worlds, all of these recent offerings are concretely empty ideas. Except when offering parochial ideas, Peter Unger maintains that mainstream philosophy still offers hardly anything beyond concretely empty ideas.

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Peter Unger's provocative new book poses a serious challenge to contemporary analytic philosophy, arguing that to its detriment it focuses the predominance of its energy on "empty ideas." In the mid-twentieth century, philosophers generally agreed that, by contrast with science, philosophy should offer no substantial thoughts about th...

Peter Unger is a Professor of Philosophy at New York University. He is the author of five previous self-standing books, all currently available from the Oxford University Press: Ignorance: A Case for Scepticism; Philosophical Relativity; Identity, Consciousness and Value; Living High and Letting Die: Our Illusion of Innocence; and All...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:296 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.98 inPublished:June 18, 2014Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199330816

ISBN - 13:9780199330812

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Table of Contents

1. How Empty is Mainstream Philosophy?2. Promising Examples of Concretely Substantial Philosophy3. Thinkers and What They Can Think About: Empty Issues and Individualistic Powers4. The Origins of Material Individuals: Empty Issues and Sequentialistic Powers5. The Persistence of Material Individuals: Empty Issues and Self-Directed Propensity6. Empty Debates About Material Matters7. Individuals, Properties and Time: A Few Substantial Thoughts and Many Empty Ideas8. What Will Become of Us: Empty Issues and Substantial Speculations9. When Will There Be Some Serious New Substantial Philosophy?

Editorial Reviews

"This incisive book lays crucial challenges at the door of mainstream analytic philosophy, for Unger argues persuasively that (contrary to its explicit self-conception), a great deal of recent philosophy has been concerned with merely conceptual issues-nothing 'concretely substantial'. Thebook is sure to provoke controversy and healthy debate about the role and value of philosophy." --Amie L. Thomasson, Professor of Philosophy and Cooper Fellow, University of Miami