Encyclopedia Of Geomagnetism And Paleomagnetism by David GubbinsEncyclopedia Of Geomagnetism And Paleomagnetism by David Gubbins

Encyclopedia Of Geomagnetism And Paleomagnetism

byDavid GubbinsEditorEmilio Herrero-Bervera

Hardcover | June 25, 2007

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Understanding the process underlying the origin of Earth magnetic field is one of the greatest challenges left to classical Physics. Geomagnetism, being the oldest Earth science, studies the Earth's magnetic field in its broadest sense.

The magnetic record left in rocks is studied in Paleomagnetism. Both fields have applications, pure and applied: in navigation, in the search for minerals and hydrocarbons, in dating rock sequences, and in unraveling past geologic movements such as plate motions they have contributed to a better understanding of the Earth.

Consisting of more than 300 articles written by ca 200 leading experts, this authoritative reference encompasses the entire fields of Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism in a single volume. It describes in fine detail at an assessable level the state of the current knowledge and provides an up-to-date synthesis of the most basic concepts. As such, it will be an indispensable working tool not only for geophysicists and geophysics students but also for geologists, physicists, atmospheric and environmental scientists, and engineers.

David Gubbins is Research Professor of Earth Sciences in the School of Earth & Environment, University of Leeds, UK. He did his PhD on geomagnetic dynamos in Cambridge, supervised by Sir Edward Bullard (qv.) and has worked in the USA and in Cambridge before moving to Leeds in 1989. His work has included dynamo theory and its connection...
Title:Encyclopedia Of Geomagnetism And PaleomagnetismFormat:HardcoverDimensions:1054 pagesPublished:June 25, 2007Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:1402039921

ISBN - 13:9781402039928


Table of Contents

Aeromagnetic surveying

Agricola, Georgius (1494-1555)

Alfvén waves

Alfvén, Hannes Olof Gösta (1908-1995)

Alfvén's theorem and the frozen flux approximation

Anelastic and Boussinesq approximations

Anisotropy, electrical

Anti-dynamo and bounding theorems

Archaeology, magnetic methods


Auroral oval

Baked contact test

Bangui anomaly

Barlow, Peter (1776-1862)

Bartels, Julius (1899-1964)

Bauer, Louis Agricola (1865-1932)

Bemmelen, Willem van (1868-1941)

Benton, Edward R. (1934-1992)

Bingham statistics


Blackett, Patrick Maynard Stuart, Baron of Chelsea (1897-1974)

Bullard, Edward Crisp (1907-1980)

Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Terrestrial Magnetism

Carnegie, research vessel


Chapman, Sydney (1888-1970)

Coast effect of induced currents


Conductivity geothermometer

Conductivity, ocean floor measurements

Convection, chemical

Convection, non-magnetic rotating

Core composition

Core convection

Core density

Core motions

Core origin

Core properties, physical

Core properties, theoretical determination

Core temperature

Core turbulence

Core viscosity

Core, adiabatic gradient

Core, boundary layers

Core, electrical conductivity

Core, magnetic instabilities

Core, thermal conduction

Core-based inversions for the main geomagnetic field

Core-mantle boundary topography, implications for dynamics

Core-mantle boundary topography, seismology

Core-mantle boundary, heat flow across

Core-mantle coupling, electromagnetic

Core-mantle coupling, thermal

Core-mantle coupling, topographic

Cowling, Thomas George (1906-1990)

Cowling's Theorem

Cox, Allan V. (1926-1987)

Crustal magnetic field

D'' and F Layers of the Earth

D'' as a boundary layer

D'', anisotropy

D'', composition

D'', seismic properties

Della Porta, Giambattista (1535-1615)


Depth to Curie temperature

Dipole moment variation

Dynamo waves

Dynamo, Backus

Dynamo, Braginsky

Dynamo, Bullard-Gellman

Dynamo, disk

Dynamo, Gailitis

Dynamo, Herzenberg

Dynamo, Lowes-Wilkinson

Dynamo, Model-Z

Dynamo, Ponomarenko

Dynamo, solar

Dynamos, experimental

Dynamos, fast

Dynamos, kinematic

Dynamos, mean field

Dynamos, periodic

Dynamos, planetary and satellite

Earth structure, major divisions

Elsasser, Walter M. (?-1991)

EM modeling, forward

EM modeling, inverse

EM, industrial uses

EM, lake bottom measurements

EM, land uses

EM, regional studies

EM, tectonic interpretations

Environmental magnetism

Environmental magnetism, paleomagnetic applications

Equilibration of magnetic field, weak and strong field dynamos

Euler deconvolution

First-order reversal curve (FORC) diagrams

Fisher statistics

Fleming, John Adam (1877-1855)

Fluid dynamics experiments

Galvanic distortion

Gauss' determination of absolute intensity

Gauss, Carl Friedrich (1777-1855)

Gellibrand, Henry (1597-1636)

Geocentric axial dipole hypothesis


Geodynamo, dimensional analysis and timescales

Geodynamo, energy sources

Geodynamo, numerical simulations

Geodynamo, symmetry properties

Geomagnetic deep sounding

Geomagnetic dipole field

Geomagnetic excursion

Geomagnetic field, asymmetries

Geomagnetic hazards

Geomagnetic jerks

Geomagnetic polarity reversals

Geomagnetic polarity reversals, observations

Geomagnetic polarity timescales

Geomagnetic pulsations

Geomagnetic reversal sequence, statistical structure

Geomagnetic reversals, archives

Geomagnetic secular variation

Geomagnetic spectrum, spatial

Geomagnetic spectrum, temporal

Geomagnetism, history of

Gilbert William (1544-1603)

Gravitational torque

Gravity-inertio waves and inertial oscillations

Grüneisen's parameter for iron and Earth's core

Halley, Edmond (1656-1742)

Hansteen, Christopher (1784-1873)

Harmonics, spherical

Harmonics, spherical cap

Hartmann, Georg (1489-1564)


Higgins-Kennedy paradox

Humboldt, Alexander von (1759-1859)

Humboldt, Alexander von and magnetic storms

IAGA, International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy

Ideal solution theory

IGRF, International Geomagnetic Reference Field

Induction arrows

Induction from satellite data

Inhomogeneous boundary conditions and the dynamo

Inner core anisotropy

Inner core composition

Inner core oscillation

Inner core rotation

Inner core rotational dynamics

Inner core seismic velocities

Inner core tangent cylinder

Inner core, PKJKP

Instrumentation, history of

Interiors of planets and satellites

Internal external field separation


Iron sulphides

Jesuits, role in geomagnetism

Kircher, Athanasius (1602-1680)

Langel, Robert A. (1937-2000)

Laplace's equation, uniqueness of solutions

Larmor, Joseph (1857-1942)

Lehmann, Inge (1888-1993)

Length of day variations, decadal

Length of day variations, long term

Lloyd, Humphrey (1808-1881)

Magnetic anisotropy, sedimentary rocks and strain alteration

Magnetic anomalies for geology and resources

Magnetic anomalies, long wavelength

Magnetic anomalies, marine

Magnetic anomalies, modeling

Magnetic domain

Magnetic field of Mars

Magnetic field of Sun

Magnetic indices

Magnetic mineralogy, changes due to heating

Magnetic properties, low-temperature

Magnetic proxy parameters

Magnetic remanence, anisotropy

Magnetic shielding

Magnetic surveys, marine

Magnetic susceptibility, anisotropy

Magnetic susceptibility, anisotropy, effects of heating

Magnetic susceptibility, anisotropy, rock fabric

Magnetic susceptibility, low-field

Magnetization, anhysteretic remanent (ARM)

Magnetization, chemical remanent (CRM)

Magnetization, depositional remanent (DRM)

Magnetization, isothermal remanent (IRM)

Magnetization, natural remanent (NRM)

Magnetization, oceanic crust

Magnetization, piezo-remanent

Magnetization, remanent, application

Magnetization, remanent, fold test

Magnetization, thermoremanent (TRM)

Magnetization, thermoremanent, in minerals

Magnetization, viscous remanent (VRM)


Magnetohydrodynamic waves


Magnetometers, laboratory

Magnetosphere of the Earth




Main field maps

Main field modelling

Main field, ellipticity correction

Mantle, electrical conductivity, mineralogy

Mantle, thermal conductivity

Marine controlled source EM

Matuyama, Motonori (1884-1958)

Melting temperature of iron in the core, experimental

Melting temperature of iron in the core, theory

Microwave palaeomagnetic technique

Nagata, Takesi (1913-1991)

Natural sources for EM induction studies

Neél, Louis (1904-2000)

Non-dipole field

Non-dynamo theories

Norman, Robert (1560-1585)

Observatories, overview

Observatories instrumentation

Observatories automation

Observatories, intermagnet

Observatories programme in Australia

Observatories programme in the British Isles

Observatories programme in France

Observatories programme in USA

Observatories in Antarctica

Observatories in Benelux countries

Observatories in Canada

Observatories in China

Observatories in East and Central Europe

Observatories in Germany

Observatories in India

Observatories in Italy

Observatories in Japan and Asia

Observatories in Latin America

Observatories in New Zealand and the South Pacific

Observatories in Nordic countries

Observatories in Russia

Observatories in southern Africa

Observatories in Spain

Ocean, electromagnetic effects

Oldham, Richard Dixon (1858-1936)

Ørsted, Hans Christian (1777-1851)

Oscillations, torsional

Paleointensity, absolute, determination

Paleointensity, absolute, techniques

Paleointensity, relative, in sediments

Paleomagnetic field collection methods

Paleomagnetic secular variation


Paleomagnetism, deep-sea sediments

Paleomagnetism, extraterrestrial

Paleomagnetism, orogenic belts

Parkinson, Wilfred Dudley (1919-2001)

Peregrinus, Petrus (c. 1220-?)

Periodic external fields

Plate tectonics, China

POGO (OGO-2, -4 and -6 spacecraft)

Polarity transition, paleomagnetic record

Polarity transitions

Pole, paleomagnetic

Potential vorticity and potential magnetic field theorems

Precession and core dynamics

Price, Albert Thomas (1903-1978)

Principal component analysis in paleomagnetism

Project MAGNET

Proudman-Taylor theorem

Radioactive isotopes, their decay in mantle and core

Reduction to pole

Repeat stations

Reversals, theory

Rikitake, Tsuneji (1921-?)

Ring current

Robust electromagnetic transfer functions estimates

Rock magnetism

Rock magnetism, hysteresis measurements

Rock magnetometer, superconducting

Runcorn, S. Keith (1922-1995)

Runcorn's theorem

Sabine, Edward (1788-1883)

Seamount magnetism

Secular variation model


Seismic phases

Seismo-electromagnetic effects

Shaw and microwave methods, absolute paleointensity determination

Shock wave experiments

Spinner magnetometer

Statistical methods for paleovector analysis

Storms and substorms, magnetic

Stress demagnetization

Superchrons, changes in reversal frequency


Susceptibility, measurements of solids

Susceptibility, parameters, anisotropy

Taylor's condition

Thellier, Émile (1904-1987)

Thermal wind

Time-averaged paleomagnetic field

Time-dependent models of the geomagnetic field

Transfer functions

Transient EM induction

True polar wander

ULVZ, ultra-low velocity zone


Upward and downward continuation

Variable field translation balance

Verhoogen, John (1912-1993)

Vine-Matthews-Morley hypothesis

Volcano-electromagnetic effects

Voyages making geomagnetic measurements

Watkins, Norman David (1934-1977)

Westward drift

Editorial Reviews

From the reviews:"This new encyclopedia focuses mainly on the magnetic field of internal origin; however, some related articles on external sources are included. The editor's goal is to cover the subject in fine detail at a level understandable to anyone with a general scientific education. The work includes 318 alphabetically arranged entries written by 226 specialists in the field. Each entry has a short bibliography and cross-references. . Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-level undergraduates through professionals/practitioners." (L. Joseph, CHOICE, Vol. 45 (6), 2008)"This new Encyclopedia . present universal knowledge in the fields of Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism in the broadest sense and in a single volume. . Written at a level accessible to anyone with a scientific education, this authoritative and speedy reference is . to all whose activities or studies are concerned with both fields. It is therefore a valuable working tool not only for geophysicists and geophysics students but also for physicists, geologists, geographers, atmospheric and environmental scientists and engineers." (Jozef Hus and Jean-Claude Jodogne, Physicalia Magazine, Vol. 30 (1), 2008)"The Encyclopedia of Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism is part of the Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series. . Numerous diagrams, pictures, tables, formulas, and mathematical equations provide clarity to the discussions. A detailed 44-page subject index and a series of color plates, mostly magnetic field maps, appear at the end of the volume. . this encyclopedia will be of particular interest to students and professionals in the earth sciences. This work is recommended for college, university, and larger public libraries." (Ignacio J. Ferrer-Vinent, ARBAonline, Vol. 39, 2008)"This is major work whose aim is to provide a comprehensive review of all aspects of geomagnetism and palaeomagnetism as the subjects are currently understood. . the articles are well illustrated, well written and comprehensible to the reader. . I do believe that it is an indispensible library tool for graduates, academics and professionals alike involved in the application or study of geomagnetism and palaeomagnetism. For those already involved in a particular aspect of this broad discipline it provides a useful pathway to allied subjects." (Graeme Taylor, Geological Magazine, Vol. 145 (3), 2008)"This volume claims to be the first single encyclopaedia to cover the combined fields of geomagnetism and paleomagnetism. . aims to provide a comprehensive and authoritative coverage of these complex and ever expanding subjects. . A very useful list of cross-references is provided at the end of each article, which makes it much easier to link together areas that are less familiar. . In the main this book is for those specialising in geophysics . . vital for academic libraries with geology and geophysics departments." (Helen Ashton, Reference Reviews, Vol. 22 (3), 2008)