Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards by Pedro BasabeEncyclopedia of Natural Hazards by Pedro Basabe

Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards

OtherPedro Basabe, Tom BeerEditorPeter T. Bobrowsky

Hardcover | April 3, 2013

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Few subjects have caught the attention of the entire world as much as those dealing with natural hazards. The first decade of this new millennium provides a litany of tragic examples of various hazards that turned into disasters affecting millions of individuals around the globe. The human losses (some 225,000 people) associated with the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, the economic costs (approximately 200 billion USD) of the 2011 Tohoku Japan earthquake, tsunami and reactor event, and the collective social impacts of human tragedies experienced during Hurricane Katrina in 2005 all provide repetitive reminders that we humans are temporary guests occupying a very active and angry planet. Any examples may have been cited here to stress the point that natural events on Earth may, and often do, lead to disasters and catastrophes when humans place themselves into situations of high risk. Few subjects share the true interdisciplinary dependency that characterizes the field of natural hazards. From geology and geophysics to engineering and emergency response to social psychology and economics, the study of natural hazards draws input from an impressive suite of unique and previously independent specializations. Natural hazards provide a common platform to reduce disciplinary boundaries and facilitate a beneficial synergy in the provision of timely and useful information and action on this critical subject matter. As social norms change regarding the concept of acceptable risk and human migration leads to an explosion in the number of megacities, coastal over-crowding and unmanaged habitation in precarious environments such as mountainous slopes, the vulnerability of people and their susceptibility to natural hazards increases dramatically. Coupled with the concerns of changing climates, escalating recovery costs, a growing divergence between more developed and less developed countries, the subject of natural hazards remains on the forefront of issues that affect all people, nations, and environments all the time.This treatise provides a compendium of critical, timely and very detailed information and essential facts regarding the basic attributes of natural hazards and concomitant disasters. The Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards effectively captures and integrates contributions from an international portfolio of almost 300 specialists whose range of expertise addresses over 330 topics pertinent to the field of natural hazards. Disciplinary barriers are overcome in this comprehensive treatment of the subject matter. Clear illustrations and numerous color images enhance the primary aim to communicate and educate. The inclusion of a series of unique "classic case study" events interspersed throughout the volume provides tangible examples linking concepts, issues, outcomes and solutions. These case studies illustrate different but notable recent, historic and prehistoric events that have shaped the world as we now know it. They provide excellent focal points linking the remaining terms in the volume to the primary field of study. This Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards will remain a standard reference of choice for many years.
Peter Bobrowsky is an Adjunct Professor at the Centre for Natural Hazard Research, Department of Earth Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC, Canada (ptbobrow@sfu.ca). With over 30 years of professional experience as an environmental and engineering geologist he has worked in Africa, China, India, North America, Middle East an...
Title:Encyclopedia of Natural HazardsFormat:HardcoverDimensions:1176 pagesPublished:April 3, 2013Publisher:Springer NetherlandsLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9048186994

ISBN - 13:9789048186990

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Table of Contents

A'lavAccelerometer'Act of God'Aerial photography for hazard recognitionAlbedoAnimals and hazardsAntecedent conditionsAnti-seismic designAshAsteroidsAutomated Local Evaluation in Real Time (ALERT) systemAvalanchesAviation, hazards toAvulsionBase surgeBeach nourishment (replenishment)Beaufort scale of wind speedsBiblical eventsBody waveBreakwaterBuilding codes Building failureBuildings, structures and public safetyCalderCartography of natural hazardsCatastrophe and catastrophe theoryCasualties in natural hazardsCivil protection and civil contingencies managementClassification of disastersClimate changeCloud seedingCoastal erosionCoastal zone, risk managementCognitive dissonanceCold spells and freezing weather hazardsCollapsing soil hazardsCometsCommunity management of hazardsConvergenceCost-benefit analysis of natural hazard mitigationCosting and surveying damageCosts of natural hazards and disastersCreep Critical Incidence Stress SyndromeCryological engineeringCycloneDamage and the built environmentDebris avalanche (Sturzstrom)Debris flowDesertification Disaster Disaster reliefDisease epidemics and pandemicsDisease epidemiology of natural disastersDispersive soil hazardsDoppler radar and NexradDose rate (of risk)DroughtDust Bowl, theDust devilDust stormDvorak classification of hurricane seedlingsEarthquake damageEarthquake predictionEarthquakesEconomics of disastersEducation and training for emergency preparednessElastic rebound, theory ofElectromagnetic radiation (EMR)El Niño Southern Oscillation, hazards associated withEmergency communicationEmergency managementEmergency mappingEmergency planningEmergency shelterEpicentreErodibilityErosionErosivityEvacuationExpansive soils and claysExpert systems for disaster managementExposure to natural hazardsExtensometers and tiltmetersFailsafe designFamineFaultsFederal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), USAFetchFire and firestormFlash floodFlood depositsFlood hazards and disastersFloodplainFlood protectionFlood stageFloodwayFluid withdrawal subsidenceFog hazardsFöhnForest and range fires (wildfire)Frequency and magnitude of eventsFrost hazardsFumaroleGap, seismicGasesGeographic information systems (GIS) and natural hazardsGeological/geophysical disastersGlacier hazardsGlobal change and its implications for natural disasterGlobal Positioning System (GPS) and natural hazardsGlobal Telemetered Seismograph Network (GTSN)GroinHadley cellHail and hailstormsHarmonic tremorHazardHazardousness of placeHeat wavesHigh-rise buildings in natural disasterHistorical eventsHistory of natural disastersHospitals in disasterHuman impact of hazardsHuman life, economic value ofHumanity as an agent of geological disasterHurricane (tropical cyclone, typhoon)Hydrocompaction subsidenceHydrograph, floodHydrometeorological hazardsHypocentreIce and icebergsInclinometerIndian Ocean tsunamiInduced seismicityInformation and communications technologyInsectsInsuranceIntegrated emergency management systemIntensity measuresInternational strategies for disaster reduction: the IDNDR and ISDRInternet, World Wide Web and natural hazardsInversion layerIsoseismalJet streamJökulhlaup (débâcle)Karst hazardsKrakatoa (Krakatau)LaharLandsat (satellite)Landslide (mass movement)Land degradationLand subsidenceLand use, urbanization and natural hazardsLateral spreadingLavaLeveeLightningLiquefactionLoading, consolidation and compaction subsidenceLoessMacroseismic surveyMagmaMagnitude scalesMantled karst, dolines (sinkholes)MarginalizationMarine hazardsMass media and natural disastersMass movementMedical emergenciesMegacities and natural hazardsMercalli, GiuseppeMeteoriteMicrozonation and macrozonation of natural hazardsMisconceptions about natural disasterMitigationModels of hazard and disasterModified Mercalli (MM) scaleMonitoring and prediction of natural hazardsMonsoonMortality and morbidity in natural disastersMudflowMyths and misconceptionsNatural disasterNatural disasters in developing countriesNatural hazardNatural radioactivityNeotectonicsNon-structural mitigationNuée ardente (glowing avalanche)OvergrazingOzonePacific Tsunami Warning System (PTWS)Pahoehoe lavaPaleoseismologyPerception of natural hazards and disastersPermafrostPiezometerPiping hazardsPlanning measures and political aspectsPlate tectonicsPolitical economy of soil erosion disastersPore-water pressurePost-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)Potential evapotranspiration (PET)Prediction of hazardsProbable maximum precipitation (PMP)Primary (P wave)Psychological impacts of natural disastersPublic health and sanitation in natural disastersPyroclastiflowQuick clays and quick sandsRadon hazardsRecovery and reconstruction after disasterRecurrence intervalRed Cross, theRelease rateRemote sensing of natural hazards and disastersReservoir dams and natural hazardsResilienceRichter, Charles F.Risk estimation, assessment, management and communicationRogue waveRotational slideSan Andreas fault, CaliforniaSantorini, eruption ofSea level changeSearch and rescueSea surgeSecondary (S wave)Sedimentation of rivers and reservoirsSeicheSeismic acceleration and attenuationSeismograph/seismometerSeismologyShearShield volcanoSimulation of natural disasterSinkholeSlope stabilitySlumps and slidesSnowstorms and blizzardsSocial behaviourSociology of disastersSolifluctionStorms and storm surgeStructural mitigationSubductionSubsidence: economic and legal aspectsSubsidence induced by underground miningSunspotsSupernovaSurgeSusceptibilityTangshan, China (1976 earthquake)Tectonic and tectono-seismic hazardsTephraThunderstormsTidal boreTime and space in disasterTornadoesTriageTsunamisUnited Nations Organisation and natural disastersUniversal soil loss equation (USLE)Unreinforced masonry buildingUrban environments and natural hazardsVajont Dam, ItalyVesuviusVolcanoes/volcanic eruptionsVulnerabilityWarning systemsWaterspoutsWorld economy, impact of disasters onWorld-wide trends in natural disasters.