Encyclopedia of Soil Science by Ward ChesworthEncyclopedia of Soil Science by Ward Chesworth

Encyclopedia of Soil Science

byWard Chesworth

Hardcover | November 22, 2007

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Soil as the basis of civilization, is the most important resource of the solid earth that we use. It is the source of most of our food and fiber, much of our building materials, and the repository of most of our wastes. Over the last 10,000 years we have learned to manipulate it for our purposes to such a degree that our ecological footprint has notably modified about two thirds of the soils of the Earth. At the beginning of the 21st century, with the issue of the sustainability of human society, it has never been more important for there to be a global understanding of the soil and its processes amongst the educated public in general, and the scientist and technologist in particular.

The Encyclopedia of Soil Science brings together approximately 190 longer articles, together with some 350 definitions of common terms used in soil science. In effect, it is a combination of an encyclopedia and glossary of terms. Furthermore, the book emphasizes the study of soils as an integral part of the earth sciences, and it does this without ignoring the agricultural, environmental and technological aspects of the subject.

Individual soil types are keyed to the World Resource Base (WRB) Classification with concordance to soil taxonomy, in order to meet the needs of an international audience. Appropriately an international roster of authors, from North and South America, from Europe, Africa, Asia and Australasia, has been assembled, and the soils and soil landscapes of all continents are considered.

Ward Chesworth is Professor Emeritus of Geochemistry at the University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada. He co-edited Weathering, Soils and Paleosols, and three volumes of the annual Hammond Lecture Series broadcast in part by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation: Malthus and the Third Millennium, Sustainable Development, and The Human Ecol...
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Title:Encyclopedia of Soil ScienceFormat:HardcoverDimensions:902 pages, 27.9 × 21 × 0.03 inPublished:November 22, 2007Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:1402039948

ISBN - 13:9781402039942

Reviews

Table of Contents

Excluding the ca. 430 glossary terms: Acid Deposition.- Acid Rock Drainage.- Acid Soils.- Acid Sulfate Soils.- Acidity.- Acrisols.- Activity Ratio.- Aggregate Stability .- Aggregation.- Agrogeology.- Agronomy.- Albeluvisols.- Alisols.- Algae.- Alkaline Soils.- Andosols.- Anthrosols.- Arenosols.- Applied Soil Geochemistry.- Base Saturation.- Biogeochemical Cycles.- Biospheric Role of Soil.- Buffers.- Bulk Density.- Calcareous Soils.- Calcisols.- Cambisols.- Capillary Pressure.- Carbon Cycle.- Carbon Sequestration.- Carbonates.- Chemical Analyses.- Chemical Composition.- Chernozems.- Chronology of Soils.- Classification of Soils: Basics.- Classification of Soils: FAO.- Classification of Soils: Soil Taxonomy.- Classification of Soils: World Reference Base.- Clay Mineral Decomposition.- Clay Mineral Formation.- Clay Mineral Structures.- Clay Minerals: Hydrous Oxides.- Clay Minerals: Non- & Para-Crystalline.- Clay Minerals: Silicates.- Clay-Organic Interactions.- Compaction.- Computer Modelling.- Computerized Tomogaphy.- Conductivity: Electrical.- Conductivity: Hydraulic.- Conductivity: Thermal.- Conservation.- Crusts.- Cryosols.- Denitrification.- Diffusion Processes.- Duricrust.- Durisols.- Earth Cycles.- Edaphic Constraints.- Edaphology.- Energy Balance.- Envelope-Pressure Potential.- Enzyme Activity.- Enzymes and Proteins.- Erosion.- Evaporation.- Farming by Soil.- Fauna.- Ferralsols.- Fertilizer Raw Materials.- Fertilizers: Inorganic.- Fertilizers: Organic.- Field pH.- Flocculation.- Flow Theory.- Forest Soils.- Geography of Soils.- Geochemistry in Soil Science.- Gleysols.- Gypsisols.- Heat Capacity.- Histosols.- Horizon Designations: FAO.- Humus.- Hydric Soils.- Hydrologic Cycle.- Hydrophility, Hydrophobicity.- Hygroscopicity, Hygroscopic Constant.- Imbibition.- Infiltration.- Ionic Activities.- Iron Oxides.- Irrigation.- Journals of Soil Science.- Kastanozems.- Kinetics of Solute Sorption.- Labile Pool.- Landscape and Soils.- Law of The Minimum.- Leptosols.- Lime, Liming.- Lixisols.- Luvisols.- Macronutrients.- Management of Soils.- Metal Complexing .- Microbial Ecology and Clay Minerals.- Microbiology.- Microhabitats.- Micrometeorology.- Micromorphology.- Micronutrients.- Microstructure Manipulation.- Mineral Analysis.- Mire.- Moisture Management.- Near Neutral Soils.- Neolithic Revolution.- Nitisols.- Nitrification.- Nitrogen Cycle.- Nitrogen Fixation.- Nutrient Cycling.- Nutrient Potential.- Organic Fertilizers.- Organic Matter.- Particle Density.- Particle Size Distribution.- Peat.- Pedology.- Pedogenesis.- Pedogenesis: Redox-pH Aspects.- Pedogenic Grid.- Pedoturbation.- Percolation.- Periodic Table.- Permeability.- Phase Rule.- Phaeozems.- Phosphorus Cycle.- Physical Chemistry.- Planosols.- Plant Nutrients.- Plant Roots.- Plinthosols.- Podzols.- Pollution.- Pore Size Distribution.- Pore Space, Drainable.- Pore-Size Distribution.- Profile: Physical Modification.- Puddling.- Radiocarbon Dating.- Radioisotopes.- Redox Chemistry of Soils.- Redox-pH Diagrams for Soils.- Regosols.- Rhizosphere.- Root Soil Interface.- Salt Affected Soils.- Saprolite.- Silicates.- Simulation of Soil Systems.- Sludge Disposal.- Soil.- Soil and Health Problems.- Soil Biology.- Soil Chemistry.- Soil Color.- Soil Conservation Service.- Soil Drainage.- Soil Engineering.- Soil Fertility.- Soil Forming Factors.- Soil Health.- Soil Mapping and Survey.- Soil Mechanics.- Soil Microbiology.- Soil Mineralogy.- Soil Physical Conditions.- Soil Physics.- Soil Pores.- Soil Quality.- Soil Reaction.- Soil Root Interface.- Soil Salinity and Salinization.- Soil Science.- Soil Science and Society.- Soil Solution.- Soil Stabilization.- Soil Variation.- Soil Water.- Soil Water Management.- Soils: Non Agricultural Uses.- Soils of Coastal Environments.- Soil-Solvent Interactions.- Soil-Water Management.- Solonchaks.- Solonetz.- Sorption Phenomena.- Sorption-Desorption Kinetics.- Surface Soil Water Content.- Sulfur Transformations and Fluxes.- Tests and Testing.- Thermal Regime.- Thermodynamics of Soil Water.- Thionic Soils.- Thixotropism.- Tillage.- Trace Elements.- Transport Processes.- Tropical Soils.- Umbrisols.- Ventifacts.- Vertisols.- Water Budget in Soil.- Water Content and Retention.- Water Erosion.- Water Fluxes.- Water Movement.- Weathering Systems.- Wetting Front.- Wind Erosion.- Zeta Potential.

Editorial Reviews

From the reviews:"The encyclopedia contains about 190 academic articles . . All items are illustrated with many tables, graphs, figures and colour photographs. . a summary of the present knowledge in the field of soil science, authored by internationally well known scientists. It is a remarkable tool, not only for soil scientists, but also for agronomists, geologists and even archeologists dealing with soils. Especially for the already somewhat older soil scientists it is an excellent way for updating in an easy way their knowledge and references." (G. Stoops, PEDON Newsletter, Issue 19, February, 2008)"A nice addition to the numerous encyclopedias that have come recently. . The topics overlap several other encyclopedias as well. There are many tables and figures, including a few color figures. The authors of the entries are international in scope, and well-respected soil scientists. . the audience to include scientists, engineers, technology experts, as well as environmental and land use planners. Most full entries are geared toward college or higher level, including students and scientists who are not soil scientists . ." (Sally Logsdon, Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 72 (3), 2008)"Encyclopedia of Soil Science is an updated version of R. W. Fairbridge and C. W. Finkl Jr.'s edited encyclopedia . . It contains both lengthy research articles and shorter glossary definitions . . This useful combination of research articles and definitions makes this title invaluable for users . . Libraries . will be interested in this volume edited by Chesworth. . highly useful resource for both students and researchers in major programs in agriculture, geology, and environmental science. Summing Up: Recommended. Lower-level undergraduates and above." (J. K. Oleen, CHOICE, Vol. 45 (11), 2008)"This book is well worth reading because it puts the content in wider context. . The book is well produced. Even with 900 pages it can be held in one hand, and can be used as a stand up reference book. The illustrations are excellent, and nearly all in colour. The diagrams, maps and statistical presentations are clear. . The market for this book will be for higher education and research, and for science based companies involved in agriculture."(John Goodier, Reference Reviews, Vol. 22 (6), 2008)