Encyclopedia of Volcanoes

Other | October 23, 1999

byHaraldur Sigurdsson, Haraldur Sigurdsson, Bruce Houghton...

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Volcanoes are unquestionably one of the most spectacular and awe-inspiring features of the physical world. Our paradoxical fascination with them stems from their majestic beauty and powerful, if sometimes deadly, destructiveness.
Notwithstanding the tremendous advances in volcanology since ancient times, some of the mystery surrounding volcanic eruptions remains today. The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes summarizes our present knowledge of volcanoes. Through its thematic organization around the melting of the earth, it provides a comprehensive source of information on the multidisciplinary influences of volcanic eruptions--both the destructive as well as the beneficial aspects.
The majority of the chapters focus on the geoscience-related aspects of volcanism (radioactive heat source, melting rock, ascent of magma, surface phenomena associated with exiting magma, extraterrestrial volcanism, etc.). In addition, complementary chapters discuss the multidisciplinary aspects of volcanism; these include the history of volcanology, geothermal energy resources, interaction with the oceans and atmosphere, health aspects of volcanism, mitigation of volcanic disasters, post-eruption ecology, and the impact of eruptions on organismal biodiversity.

In addition to its appeal to educators, students, and professional and amateur scientists, the Encyclopedia of Volcanoes functions as an important information resource for administrators and officials responsible for developing and implementing volcanic hazard mitigation around the world.

* The first and only reference work to cover all aspects of volcanology
* More than 80 separate peer-reviewed articles--all original contributions by leading authors from major institutions of science around the world, commissioned for this work
* An integrated transition from the volcanic process through hazards, risk, and societal impacts, with an emphasis on how volcanoes have influenced and shaped society
* Convenient single-volume format with topics arranged thematically--articles provide coverage of nine different aspects of volcanology
* Each entry in the Encyclopedia begins with an outline of the article content and a concise definition of the subject of the article
* 3,000 Glossary entries explain key terms
* Further Reading lists appear at the end of each entry
* Extensive cross-referencing system links related articles
* Sixteen pages of color will convey the science and excitement of this often violent phenomena
* Large 8 1/2" x 11" page size, easy-to-read double-column format

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Volcanoes are unquestionably one of the most spectacular and awe-inspiring features of the physical world. Our paradoxical fascination with them stems from their majestic beauty and powerful, if sometimes deadly, destructiveness. Notwithstanding the tremendous advances in volcanology since ancient times, some of the mystery surrounding...

Steve McNutt is a Professor in the School of Geosciences at the University of South Florida (USF). He has worked on volcanic processes using seismology, infrasound, and lightning instruments for over 35 years. He worked half time for the Alaska Volcano Observatory from 1991-2012 and was closely involved in monitoring efforts for erupti...

other books by Haraldur Sigurdsson

The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes
The Encyclopedia of Volcanoes

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Format:OtherDimensions:1417 pages, 1 × 1 × 1 inPublished:October 23, 1999Publisher:Elsevier ScienceLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0080547982

ISBN - 13:9780080547985


Extra Content

Table of Contents

R.D. Ballard,Foreword.Origin and Transport of Magma:H. Sigurdsson, B. Houghton, H. Rymer, J. Stix, and S. McNutt,Introduction.H. Sigurdsson,The History of Volcanology.R. Jeanloz,Mantle of the Earth.P. Asimov,Melting the Mantle.M. Daines,Migration of Melt.M. Perfit and J. Davidson,Tectonics and Volcanism.N.W. Rogers and C.J. Hawkesworth,Composition of Magmas.T.L. Grove,Origin of Magmas.P.J. Wallace and A.T. Anderson,Volatiles in Magmas.F.J. Spera,Physical and Thermodynamic Properties of Magmas.B.D. Marsh,Reservoirs of Magma and Magma Chambers.M.J. Rutherford and J. Gardner,Rates of Magma Ascent.C. Carrigan,Plumbing Systems.C. Jaupart,Magma at Shallow Levels.Eruption:T. Simkin and L. Siebert,Active Volcanoes on the Earth.D.M. Pyle,Sizes of Volcanic Eruptions.H. Sigurdsson,Episodes of Volcanism.Effusive Volcanism:G.P.L. Walker,Basaltic Volcanoes and Volcanic Systems.C. Kilburn,Lava Flows.J. Fink and S. Anderson,Domes and Coulees.J. Wolff and J. Sumner,Spatter-Fed Lavas and Fire-Fountaining.C. Conner and M. Conway,Basaltic Volcanic Fields.P. Hooper,Flood Basalt Provinces.R. Batiza and J. White,Submarine Lavas and Hyaloclastite.R. Schmidt and H.-U. Schmincke,Seamounts, Submarine Volcanoes, and Volcanic Islands.J. Smellie,Sub-Glacial Eruptions.Explosive Volcanism:Cashman, B. Sturtevant, P. Papale, and O. Navon,Magmatic Fragmentation.M.M. Morrisey, B. Zimoriski, K. Wohletz, and R. Buettner,Phreatomagmatic Fragmentation.S. Vergniolle and M. Mangan,Strombolian and Hawaiian Eruptions.M.M. Morrissey and L.G. Mastin,Vulcanian Eruptions.Cioni, P. Marianelli, R. Santecroce, and A. Sbrana,Plinian Eruptions.J.D.L. White and B. Houghton,Pyroclastic Eruptions.B.F. Houghton, C.J.N. Wilson, R.T. Smith, and J.S. Gilbert,Phreatoplinian Eruptions.S. Carey and M.I. Bursik,Volcanic Plumes.C.J.N. Wilson and B.F. Houghton,Pyroclastic Transport and Deposition.B.F. Houghton, C.J.N. Wilson, and D.M. Pyle,Fall Deposits.G. Valentine and R.V. Fisher,Deposits of Surges and Directed Blasts.A. Freundt, S.N. Carey, and C.J.N. Wilson,Ignimbrites and Deposits of Block-and-Ash Flows.J.W. Vallance,Lahar Deposits.T. Ui and M. Yoshimoto,Debris Avalanche Deposits.S. Carey,Volcaniclastic Sedimentation Around Island Arces.P.W. Lipman,Calderas.J.P. Davidson and S. Da Silva,Composite Cones.D. Vespermann and H.U. Schmincke,Scoria Cones and Tuff Rings.Extraterrestrial Volcanism:P.D. Spudis,Volcanism on the Moon.R. Lopes-Gautier,Volcanism on IO.L. Crumpler,Volcanism on Venus.J.R. Zimbelman,Volcanism on Mars.P. Geissler,Cryovolcanism in the Outer Solar System.Volcano Interactions:P. delMelle and J. Stix,Volcanic Gases.F. Goff and C. Janik,Geothermal Systems.P. Browne and M. Hochstein,Surface Manifestations.D. Butterfield,Submarine Hydrothermal Vents.P. delMelle and A. Bernard,Volcanic Lakes.N.C. White and R.J. Harrington,Mineral Deposits Associated with Volcanism.Volcanic Hazards:T.P. Miller and T.J. Casadevall,Volcanic Ash Hazards to Aviation.M.J. Mills and O.B. Toon,Volcanic Aerosol and Global Atmospheric Effect.S. Nekada,Hazards from Pyroclastic Flows and Surges.D. Peterson and R.I. Tilling,Lava Flow Hazards.K. Rodolfo,Lahars and Jokulhlaup Hazards.H. Rymer and G. Williams-Jones,Volcanic Gas Hazards.J.E. Beget,Volcanic Tsunamis.S.R. McNutt,Volcanic Seismicity.P. Baxter,Impacts of Eruptions on Human Health.M. Arthur,The Volcanic Contribution to the Sulfur and Carbon Geochemical Cycle.I. Thornton,The Ecology of Volcanoes-Biological Recovery and Colonization.M. Rampino and S. Self,Volcanism and Biotic Extinction.Eruption Response and Mitigation:S.R. McNutt,Seismic Monitoring.J.B. Murray, C.A. Locke, and H.Rymer,Ground Deformation, Gravity, and Magnetics.J. Stix and H. Gaonach,Gas, Plume, and Thermal Monitoring.S. McNutt, J. Stix, and H. Rymer,Synthesis of Volcano Monitoring.C. Newhall,Volcano Warnings.S. de la Cruz, R. Quaas, and R. Meli,Volcanic Crisis Management.R. Blong,Volcanic Hazards and Risk Management.D. Johnson and K. Ronan,Risk Education and Intervention.Economic Benefits and Cultural Aspects of Volcanism:S. Arnorsson,Exploitation of Geothermal Resources.C-l. Ping,Volcanic Soils.J. Dehn and S.R. McNutt,Volcanic Materials for Commerce and Industry.H. Sigurdsson and R. Lopes-Gautier,Volcanoes and Tourism.S. Harris, Archaeology and Volcanism.H. Sigurdsson,Volcanoes in Art.H. Sigurdsson and R. Lopes,Volcanoes in Literature and Film. Appendices: Units and Physical Properties of the Earth; Volcanoes of the Earth.