Endless Forms: Species and Speciation

Paperback | December 1, 1998

EditorDaniel J. Howard, Stewart H. Berlocher

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Speciation is one of the great themes of evolutionary biology. It is the process through which new species are born and diversity generated. Yet for many years our understanding of the process consisted of little more than a perception that if populations are isolated geographically, they willdiverge genetically and may come to form new species. This situation began to change in the 1960s as an increasing number of biologists challenged the exclusivity of allopatric speciation and began to probe more deeply into the actual process by which divergence occurs and reproductive isolation isacquired. This focus on process led to many new insights, but numerous questions remain and speciation is now one of the most dynamic areas of research in modern evolutionary biology. This volume presents the newest research findings on speciation bringing readers up to day on species concepts,modes of speciation, and the nature of reproductive barriers. It also discusses the forces that drive divergence of populations, the genetic control of reproductive isolation, and the role played by hybrid zones and hybridization in speciation.

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Speciation is one of the great themes of evolutionary biology. It is the process through which new species are born and diversity generated. Yet for many years our understanding of the process consisted of little more than a perception that if populations are isolated geographically, they willdiverge genetically and may come to form ne...

Daniel J. Howard is at New Mexico State University. Stewart H. Berlocher is at University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:496 pages, 7.01 × 9.8 × 0.79 inPublished:December 1, 1998

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195109015

ISBN - 13:9780195109016

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Table of Contents

PrefacePart I: History1. Stewart H. Berlocher: Origins: A Brief History of Research on SpeciationPart II: Species Concepts2. Richard G. Harrison: Linking Evolutionary Pattern and Process: The Relevance of Species Concepts for the Study of Speciation3. Alan R. Templeton: Species and Speciation: Geography, Population Structure, Ecology, and Gene Trees4. Kerry L. Shaw: Species and the Diversity of Natural Groups5. Kevin de Queiroz: The General Lineage Concept of Species, Species Criteria, and the Process of Speciation: A Conceptual Unification and Terminological RecommendationsPart III: Geography, Ecology, and Population Structure6. Paul A. Johnson and Urban Gullberg: Theory and Models of Sympatric Speciation7. Alexey S. Kondrashov, Lev Yu. Yampolsky, and Svetlana A. Shabalina: On the Sympatric Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection8. Steward H. Berlocher: Can Symatric Speciation via Host of Habitat Shift be Proven from Phylogenetic and Biogeographic Evidence?9. Dolph Schluter: Ecological Causes of Speciation10. Jeffrey L. Feder: The Apple Maggot Fly, Rhagoletis Pomonella: Flies in the Face of Conventional Wisdom about Speciation11. Steph B. J. Menkin and P. Roessignh: Evolution of Insect-Plant Associations: Sensory Perception and Receptor Modifications Direct Food Specialization and Host Shifts in Phytophagous Insects12. Mark R. Macnair and Mike Gardner: The Evolution of Edaphic Endemics13. Amy R. McCune and Nathan R. Lovejoy: The Relative Rate of Sympatric and Allopatric Speciation in Fishes: Tests Using DNA Sequence Divergence between Sister Species and among Clades14. H.A. Lessios: The First Stage of Speciation as Seen in Organisms Separated by the Isthmus of Panama15. James L. Patton and Maria Nazareth F. da Silva: Rivers, Refuges, and Ridges: The Geography of Speciation of Amazonian MammalsPart IV: Reproductive Barriers16. Marta Martinez Wells and Charles S. Henry: Songs, Preproductive Isolation, and Speciation in Cryptic Species of Insects: A Case Study Using Green Lacewings17. Therese Ann Markow and Gregory D. Hocutt: Reproductive Isolation in Sonoran Desert Drosophila: Testing the Limits of the Rules18. John H. Werren: Wolbachia and Speciation19. William R. Rice: Intergenomic Conflict, Interlocus Antagonistic Coevolution, and he Evolution of Reproductive Isolation20. Stephen R. Palumbi: Species Formation and the Evolution of Gamete Recognition Loci21. Daniel J. Howard, Marta Reece, Pamela G. Gregory, Jiming Chu, Michael L. Cain: The Evolution of Barriers to Fertilization Between Closely Related OrganismsPart V: The Genetics of Speciation22. Michael G. Ritchie and Stephen D. F. Phillips: The Genetics of Sexual Isolation23. Dorothy Pashley Prowell: Sex Linkage and Speciation in Lepidoptera24. Franco Spirito: The Role of Chromosomal Change in Speciation25. Horacio Fachal Naveira and Xulio Rodriguez Maside: The Genetics of Hybrid Male Sterility in Drosophila26. Chung-I Wu and Hope Hollocher: Subtle is Nature: The Genetics of Species Differentiation and Speciation27. Sara Via and David J. Hawthorne: The Genetics of Speciation: Promises and Prospects of Quantitative Trait Locus MappingPart VI: Hybrid Zones and Speciation28. Roger Butlin: What Do Hybrid Zones in General, and the Chorthippus parallelus Zone in Particular, Tell Us about Speciation?29. Machael L. Arnold and Simon K. Emms: Paradigm Lost -- Natural Hubridization and Evolutionary Innovations30. James Mallet, W. Owen McMillan, and Chris D. Jiggins: Mimicry and Warning Color at the Boundary Between Races and Species31. B. Rosemary Grant and Peter R. Grant: Hybridization and Speciation in Darwin's Finches: The Role of Sexual Imprinting on a Culturally Transmitted TraitPart VII: Perspectives32. Guy L. Bush: The Conceptual Radicalization of an Evolutionary Biologist33. Daniel J. Howard: Unanswered Questions and Future Directions in the Study of Speciation