This volume explores the relevance of classical texts and thought-systems alongside contemporary philosophical consciousness. It also evaluates the absences in contemporary thought patterns and the new epistemes relevant to the Indian subcontinent. The book discusses the present lack oforiginal philosophical discourse in the context of South Asia, especially India. Raghuramaraju investigates the reasons for the decline of traditional philosophical schools and Sanskritic studies in the subcontinent. He also discusses the interaction of Indian thinkers with the contemporary issues of philosophical engagement from the times of nineteenth century social reforms tothe present day. Enduring Colonialism begins with an examination of the convergences of existence in the past, present, and future. Subsequent chapters also survey the evoking consciousness of existence novelties and repetitions involved in the new epistemes of thinking and the meanings of"reality".