Energy: Perspectives, Problems, and Prospects

Hardcover | January 4, 2010

byMichael B. Mcelroy

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The book offers a comprehensive account of how the world evolved to its present state in which humans now exercise a powerful, in many cases dominant, influence for global environmental change. It outlines the history that led to this position of dominance, in particular the role played by ourincreasing reliance on fossil sources of energy, on coal, oil and natural gas, and the problems that we are now forced to confront as a result of this history. The concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is greater now than at any time over at least the past 650,000 years with prospects toincrease over the next few decades to levels not seen since dinosaurs roamed the Earth 65 million years ago. Comparable changes are evident also for methane and nitrous oxide and for a variety of other constituents of the atmosphere including species such as the ozone depleting chlorofluorocarbonsfor which there are no natural analogues. Increases in the concentrations of so-called greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are responsible for important changes in global and regional climate with consequences for the future of global society which, though difficult to predict in detail, are potentially catastrophic for a world poorlyequipped to cope. Changes of climate in the past were repetitively responsible for the demise of important civilizations. These changes, however, were generally natural in origin in contrast to the changes now underway for which humans are directly responsible. The challenge is to transition to anew energy economy in which fossil fuels will play a much smaller role. We need as a matter of urgency to cut back on emissions of climate altering gases such as carbon dioxide while at the same time reducing our dependence on unreliable, potentially disruptive, though currently indispensable,sources of energy such as oil, the lifeblood of the global transportation system. The book concludes with a discussion of options for a more sustainable energy future, highlighting the potential for contributions from wind, sun, biomass, geothermal and nuclear, supplanting currently unsustainablereliance on coal, oil and natural gas.

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The book offers a comprehensive account of how the world evolved to its present state in which humans now exercise a powerful, in many cases dominant, influence for global environmental change. It outlines the history that led to this position of dominance, in particular the role played by ourincreasing reliance on fossil sources of en...

Michael McElroy is the Gilbert Butler Professor of Environmental Science at Harvard University. His research covers topics ranging from planetary atmospheres to more recently extensive studies of the Earth's environment with particular attention to the impact of human activity including options for policy responses.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:424 pages, 6.42 × 9.29 × 1.1 inPublished:January 4, 2010Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195386116

ISBN - 13:9780195386110

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Table of Contents

PrefaceAcknowledgements1. Introduction2. From Hunter Gatherers to English Factories3. Energy: what is it and how do we measure it?4. Wood, Photosynthesis and the Carbon Cycle5. Coal: Origin, History and Problems6. Oil: Properties, Origin, History, Problems and Prospects7. Natural Gas: Origin, History and Prospects8. Energy from Water and Wind9. Nuclear Power10. Steam Power11. Electricity12. Automobiles Trucks and the Internal Combustion Engine13. The Challenge of Global Climate Change14. Prospects for Carbon Capture and Sequestration15. Ethanol from biomass: can it substitute for gasoline?16. Current Patterns of Energy Use17. Vision for a Low Carbon Energy FutureBibliographyIndex