Engineering Thermodynamics

Paperback | December 18, 2015

byP. Chattopadhyay

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Starting with the basic concepts, the book gradually discusses important topics such as entropy, thermodynamic availability, properties of steam, real and ideal gas, power cycles and chemical equilibrium in increasing order of complexity.A lucid exposition of the fundamental concepts of thermodynamics in the book along with numerous worked-out examples and well-labelled detailed illustrations are sure to instil in the beginners a holistic understanding of the subject.

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Starting with the basic concepts, the book gradually discusses important topics such as entropy, thermodynamic availability, properties of steam, real and ideal gas, power cycles and chemical equilibrium in increasing order of complexity.A lucid exposition of the fundamental concepts of thermodynamics in the book along with numerous wo...

P. Chattopadhyay, currently a senior faculty member in the Department of Mechanical Engineering, OmDayal College of Engineering and Architecture, has over 35 years of teaching experience. Formerly associated with HFC Training Institute, HIT, and TICT, he worked as Senior Engineer (Process) at HFCL. He has authored ten textbooks and con...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:916 pagesPublished:December 18, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199456151

ISBN - 13:9780199456154

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Table of Contents

1. Basic Concepts1.1 Thermodynamic Systems 11.2 Control Volume And Control Mass 31.3 Macroscopic And Microscopic Approaches 31.4 Pure Substance 41.5 Thermodynamic Equilibrium 41.6 System Properties 41.7 State 41.8 Process 41.9 Concept Of Continuum 51.10 Path 51.11 Point (State) Function 51.12 Path Function 61.13 Temperature 61.14 Pressure 61.15 Energy 71.16 Work 71.17 Heat 71.18 Work and Heat: A Comparison 71.19 Basic Laws of Gases 71.20 Compressibility Factor 92. Heat and Work Transfer2.1 Work Transfer 232.2 Displacement Work 242.3 PdV Work In Various Quasi-Static Processes 242.4 Some Typical Work Forms other than PdV Work 262.5 Zero Work Transfer 282.6 Net Work Done By System 282.7 Heat Transfer 282.8 Specific Heat 282.9 Latent Heat 283. First Law of Thermodynamics3.1 First Law Of Thermodynamics 473.2 Energy As A System Property 503.3 Different Forms Of Stored Energy 513.4 Enthalpy 523.5 Specific Heats, Internal Energy, And Enthalpy Relationships 523.6 Applications Of The First Law of Thermodynamics 533.7 Stored Energy of a System in a Flow Process 563.8 Steady Flow Energy Equation 563.9 Unsteady-Flow Processes 603.10 Limitations of The First Law of Thermodynamics 623.11 Perpetual Motion Machine I 624. Second Law of Thermodynamics4.1 Heat Reservoir 914.2 Heat Engine 924.3 Heat Pump 934.4 Refrigerator 944.5 Statements Of The Second Law 954.6 Perpetual Motion Machine II 974.7 Carnot Cycle 974.8 Thermodynamic Temperature Scale 1014.9 Types of Irreversibility 1014.10 Clausius Inequality 1025. Entropy5.1 Entropy As A Property 1435.2 Entropy Change For Isolated System 1445.3 Entropy And Disorder 1455.4 Entropy and Third Law of Thermodynamics 1455.5 First And Second Laws Combined 1465.6 Entropy Change of a Pure Substance 1475.7 Change of Entropy of Typical Processes 1515.8 Mechanism of Entropy Transfer 1535.9 Entropy Generation 1555.10 Entropy Balance for Closed Systems 1565.11 Entropy Balance for Steady-Flow Processes 1575.12 Entropy of The Universe Is Increasing 1576. Thermodynamic Availability6.1 Entropy Generation 2056.2 Available Energy of a Heat Source 2056.3 Decrease in Available Energy Because of Finite Temperature Difference Between The Source and the Body 2066.4 Degree of Availability of Energy From a Finite Heat Source 2076.5 Quality of Energy 2086.6 Law of Degradation of Energy, Entropy Generation And Irreversibility 2096.7 Availability (Exergy) 2096.8 Exergy of Ideal Gas Systems in a Non-Flow Process 2116.9 Exergy Consumption and Entropy Generation In a Non- Flow Process 2126.10 Exergy Consumption In Steady Flow Process 2136.11 Exergy Transfer 2146.12 Keenan Function 2146.13 Useful Work 2146.14 Maximum Useful Work of a System Exchanging Heat With Ambient Air and another Thermal Energy Reservoir 2146.15 Irreversibility of Nonflow and Steady-Flow Processes 2156.16 Heat Transfer Through a Finite Temperature Difference 2156.17 Second Law Efficiency 2166.18 Properties of Exergy 2166.19 Exergy Balance 2166.20 Thermal Energy Storage and Exergy Principle 2176.21 Exergy Efficiency of Solar Collectors 2206.22 Steady-Flow Processes; Exergetic Efficiency 2216.23 Chemical Exergy 2226.24 Pinch Analysis 2237. Properties of Steam7.1 Definitions 2867.2 TemperatureaEnthalpy Diagram of Water 2877.3 TemperatureaEntropy Diagram of Water 2887.4 Water: LiquidaVapour Transformation 2907.5 Non-Flow Processes With Steam As Working Substance 2937.6 Properties of Steam 2967.7 Steam Tables And The Mollier Diagram 2978. Ideal Gas and Real Gas8.1 Ideal Gas 3288.2 Real Gas 3298.3 Internal Energy and Enthalpy of an Ideal Gas 3298.4 Specific Heats of an Ideal Gas 3298.5 Equations of State 3298.6 Virial Expansions 3308.7 Law of Corresponding States 3308.8 Boyle Temperature 3328.9 Daltonas Law of Partial Pressures 3328.10 Thermodynamic Properties of Gas Mixtures 3338.11 Gibbs Function of Ideal Gas Mixtures 3349. Vapour Power Cycles9.1 Steam Power Plant Cycle 3469.2 Carnot Vapour Cycle 3489.3 Rankine Cycle 3489.4 Qualities of Ideal Working Fluid for Vapour Power Cycles 3569.5 Cogeneration 3569.6 Combined-Cycle Power Gen Systems 3589.7 Binary Vapour Power Cycles 35810. Gas Power Cycles10.1 Simple Gas Turbine 41310.2 Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engines 41710.3 Dual Cycle 42310.4 Comparison of Otto, Diesel, and Dual Cycles 42510.5 Atkinson Cycle 42610.6 Engine Performance Parameters 42711. Refrigeration Cycles11.1 Refrigerators and Heat Pumps 46411.2 The Reversed Carnot Cycle 46511.3 Ideal Vapour Compression Refrigeration Cycle 46711.4 Actual Vapour Compression Refrigeration Cycle 46811.5 Essential Properties of a Good Refrigerant 47011.6 Selecting the Right Refrigerant 47011.7 Heat Pump Systems 47111.8 Innovative Vapour Compression Refrigeration Systems 47211.9 Gas Refrigeration Cycles 47511.10 Absorption Refrigeration System 47711.11 Domestic Electrolux Refrigerator 47911.12 Steam Jet Refrigeration System 48012. Chemical Equilibrium12.1 Equilibrium Criteria 53412.2 Equilibrium and Chemical Potential 53712.3 Reaction Equilibrium and Chemical Potential 53812.4 Chemical Equilibrium Constant 53912.5 Equilibrium Compositions 54012.6 Dependence of Equilibrium Constant with Temperature 54112.7 Thermal Ionization Of A Monoatomic Gas 54213. Combustion13.1 Fuels and Combustion 57713.2 Stoichiometry of Combustion 57813.3 Thermodynamic Analysis of Combustion Processes 58013.4 Combustion Processes: Application of the First Law 58113.5 Combustion Processes: Application of Second Law 58513.6 Chemical Availability of a Hydrocarbon Fuel 58714. Thermodynamic Relations14.1 Thermodynamic Variables 60914.2 Independent and Dependent Variables 60914.3 Exact And Inexact Differentials 60914.4 Some Mathematical Relations 61014.5 Maxwellas Thermodynamic Relations 61014.6 Applications of Maxwellas Thermodynamic Relations 61214.7 JouleaThomson Effect 61415. Psychrometrics15.1 Properties of Atmospheric Air 64015.2 Measurement of Relative Humidity 64215.3 Enthalpy (Total Heat Content) of Moist Air 64315.4 Psychrometric Chart 64415.5 Psychrometric Processes 64716+. Thermodynamics of Turbomachines16.1 Classification of Turbomachines 68716.2 Basic Features of Turbomachines 68716.3 Energy of Fluids Handled by Turbomachines 68716.4 Application of the First Law of Thermodynamics 68816.5 Application of the Second Law of Thermodynamics 68816.6 Stagnation State 69016.7 Thermodynamics of Turbomachine Processes 69216.8 Overall Isentropic Efficiency Versus Finite Stage Efficiency: Compression and Expansion Processes 70317. Reciprocating Air Compressors17.1 Uses of Compressed Air 71917.2 Classification 72017.3 Reciprocating Air Compressor 720Model Question PapersBibliographyIndexList of Colour PlatesPlate 1: Combined Cycle Power PlantsPlate 2: Gas TurbinesPlate 3: Gas TurbinesPlate 4: Steam Turbines