Enlightened Aid: U.S. Development as Foreign Policy in Ethiopia by Amanda Kay McVetyEnlightened Aid: U.S. Development as Foreign Policy in Ethiopia by Amanda Kay McVety

Enlightened Aid: U.S. Development as Foreign Policy in Ethiopia

byAmanda Kay McVety

Paperback | August 15, 2015

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Enlightened Aid is a unique history of foreign aid. The book begins with the modern concept of progress in the Scottish Enlightenment, follows the development of this concept in nineteenth- and early twentieth-century economics and anthropology, describes its transformation from a conceptinto a tool of foreign policy, and ends with the current debate about foreign aid's utility. In his 1949 inaugural address, Harry Truman vowed to make the development of the underdeveloped world a central part of the U.S. government's national security agenda. This commitment became policy the following year with the creation of Point Four--America's first aid program to the developingworld. Point Four technicians shared technology, know-how, and capital with people in nations around the world. They taught classes on public health and irrigation, distributed chickens and vaccines, and helped build schools and water treatment facilities. They did all of this in the name ofdevelopment, believing that economic progress would lead to social and political progress, which, in turn, would ensure that Point Four recipient nations would become prosperous democratic participants in the global community of nations. Point Four was a weapon in the fight against poverty, but itwas also a weapon in the fight against the Soviet Union. Eisenhower reluctantly embraced it and Kennedy made it a central part of his international policy agenda, turning Truman's program into the United States Agency for International Development. Point Four had proven itself to be a useful tool ofdiplomacy, and subsequent administrations claimed it for themselves. None seemed overly worried that it had not also proven itself to be a particularly useful tool of development. Using Ethiopia as a case study, Enlightened Aid examines the struggle between foreign aid-for-diplomacy and foreign aid-for-development. Point Four's creators believed that aid could be both at the same time. The history of U.S. aid to Ethiopia suggests otherwise.

About The Author

Amanda Kay McVety is Assistant Professor of History at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.

Details & Specs

Title:Enlightened Aid: U.S. Development as Foreign Policy in EthiopiaFormat:PaperbackDimensions:232 pages, 6.1 × 9.02 × 0.71 inPublished:August 15, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0190257784

ISBN - 13:9780190257781

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Table of Contents

IntroductionThe American Answer1. Improving Nations2. A Global Economy3. Strategic Ethiopia4. Truman's Fourth Point5. The Ethiopian Experiment6. The Development Decade7. Rethinking the American AnswerNotesBibliographyIndex

Editorial Reviews

"Amanda Kay McVety's ambitious book situates American development aid to Ethiopia in the broadest context, shedding light on the evolving meanings of development, on American programs in the early Cold War, and on the emergence of the peculiar developmentalist state of Ethiopia. Ranging fromDavid Hume to Walt Rostow, from Haile Selassie to Jeffrey Sachs, Enlightened Aid is a welcome contribution to histories of development, expanding the geographic and chronological boundaries of the field." --David C. Engerman, Associate Professor of History, Brandeis University