Environmental Chemistry: Green Chemistry and Pollutants in Ecosystems by Eric LichtfouseEnvironmental Chemistry: Green Chemistry and Pollutants in Ecosystems by Eric Lichtfouse

Environmental Chemistry: Green Chemistry and Pollutants in Ecosystems

byEric LichtfouseEditorJan Schwarzbauer, Didier Robert

Paperback | October 14, 2010

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Environmental chemistry is a new, fast developing science aimed at deciphering fundamental mechanisms ruling the behaviour of pollutants in ecosystems. Applying this knowledge to current environmental issues leads to the remediation of environmental media, and to new, low energy, low emission, sustainable processes. This book describes the state-of-the-art advances regarding the pollution of water, soils, atmosphere, food and living organisms by toxic metals, fossil fuels, pesticides and other organic pollutants. Furthermore, the eco-toxicology section presents novel bio-assays to assess the toxicity of various pollutants such as dioxins and endocrine disrupters within complex media. The green chemistry section highlights novel chemical reactions based upon environmentally friendly conditions. The analytical chemistry section describes very sensitive methods which trace the fate of pollutants in complex ecosystems.

Title:Environmental Chemistry: Green Chemistry and Pollutants in EcosystemsFormat:PaperbackDimensions:780 pagesPublished:October 14, 2010Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3642061656

ISBN - 13:9783642061653

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Table of Contents

Analytical Chemistry.- In-situ Method for Analyzing the Long-Term Behavior of Particulate Metal Phases in Soils.- Analysis of Toxic Metals by Micro Total Analytical Systems (?TAS) with Chemiluminescence.- Diffuse Infrared Fourier Transform Spectroscopy in Environmental Chemistry.- Detection of Biomarkers of Pathogenic Bacteria by Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry.- Multi-Isotopic Approach (15N, 13C, 34S, 18O and D) for Tracing Agriculture Contamination in Groundwater.- 2H and 18O Isotopic Study of Ground Waters under a Semi-Arid Climate.- 13C/12C Ratio in Peat Cores: Record of Past Climates.- Isotopic Composition of Cd in Terrestrial Materials: New Insights from a High-Precision, Double Spike Analytical Method.- Organic Petrology: A New Tool to Study Contaminants in Soils and Sediments.- The Comminution of Large Quantities of Wet Sediment for Analysis and Testing with Application to Dioxin-Contaminated Sediments from Lake Ontario.- Study on the Large Volume Stacking Using the EOF Pump (LVSEP) for Analysis of EDTA by Capillary Electrophoresis.- Toxic Metals.- A Framework for Interpretation and Prediction of the Effects of Natural Organic Matter Heterogeneity on Trace Metal Speciation in Aquatic Systems.- Binding Toxic Metals to New Calmodulin Peptides.- Leaching of Selected Elements from Coal Ash Dumping.- Storm-Driven Variability of Particulate Metal Concentrations in Streams of a Subtropical Watershed.- A Model for Predicting Heavy Metal Concentrations in Soils.- Phytoremediation of Thallium Contaminated Soils by Brassicaceae.- Mercury Recovery from Soils by Phytoremediation.- Effect of Cadmium and Humic Acids on Metal Accumulation in Plants.- Selection of Microorganisms for Bioremediation of Agricultural Soils Contaminated by Cadmium.- Electrodialytic Remediation of Heavy Metal Polluted Soil.- Electrodialytic Removal of Cu, Cr and As from Treated Wood.- Treatment of Wastewater Contaminated by Mercury by Adsorption on the Crandallite Mineral.- Low Cost Materials for Metal Uptake from Aqueous Solutions.- Removal of Copper(II) and Cadmium(II) from Water Using Roasted Coffee Beans.- Organic Pollutants.- Bioremediation for the Decolorization of Textile Dyes - A Review.- Degradation of the Indigo Carmine Dye by an Anaerobic Mixed Population.- Biodegradation of Benzothiazoles by Rhodococcus Bacteria Monitored by 1H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR).- Biotransformation of Nonylphenol Surfactants in Soils Amended with Contaminated Sewage Sludges.- Quantification of in-situ Trichloroethene Dilution versus Biodegradation Using a Novel Chloride Concentration Technique.- Anthropogenic Organic Contaminants Incorporated into the Non-Extractable Particulate Matter of Riverine Sediments from the Teltow Canal (Berlin).- Behaviour of Dioxin in Pig Adipocytes.- Control of Halogenated By-Products During Surface Water Potabilisation.- Organic Pollutants in Airborne Particulates of Algiers City Area.- A Reactive Transport Model for Air Pollutants.- Polycyclic Aromatic Compounds.- Analysis of High-Molecular-Weight Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Laser Desorption-Ionisation/Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry and Liquid Chromatography/Atmospheric Pressure Chemical Ionisation Mass Spectrometry.- Atmospheric Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Two French Alpine Valleys.- Evaluation of the Risk of PAHs and Dioxins Transfer to Humans via the Dairy Ruminant.- Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) Removal during Anaerobic and Aerobic Sludge Treatments.- Photodegradation of Pyrene on Solid Phase.- Degradation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Sewage Sludges by Fenton's Reagent.- Pesticides.- Pesticide Mobility Studied by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance.- Photo- and Biodegradation of Atrazine in the Presence of Soil Constituents.- Behaviour of Imidacloprid in Fields. Toxicity for Honey Bees.- Impact of a Sulfonylureic Herbicide on Growth of Photosynthetic and Non-Photosynthetic Protozoa.- Abiotic Degradation of the Herbicide Rimsulfuron on Minerals and Soil.- Binding of Endocrine Disrupters and Herbicide Metabolites to Soil Humic Substances.- Potential Exposure to Pesticides during Amateur Applications of Home and Garden Products.- Green Chemistry.- Carbon Dioxide, a Solvent and Synthon for Green Chemistry.- Mechanochemistry: An Old Technology with New Applications to Environmental Issues. Decontamination of Polychlorobiphenyl-Contaminated Soil by High-Energy Milling in the Solid State with Ternary Hydrides.- Development of a Bioreactor for Cometabolic Biodegradation of Gas-Phase Trichloroethylene.- Enhanced Solubilization of Organic Pollutants through Complexation by Cyclodextrins.- Chemical Samples Recycling: The MDPI Samples Preservation and Exchange Project.- Photodecomposition of Organic Compounds in Aqueous Solution in the Presence of Titania Catalysts.- Depollution of Waters Contaminated by Phenols and Chlorophenols Using Catalytic Hydrogenation.- Treatment of Wastewater Containing Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO).- Productive Use of Agricultural Residues: Cements Obtained from Rice Hull Ash.- Ecotoxicology.- Environmental Metal Cation Stress and Oxidative Burst in Plants. A Review.- The LUX-FLUORO Test as a Rapid Bioassay for Environmental Pollutants.- Effects of Two Cyanotoxins, Microcystin-LR and Cylindrospermopsin, on Euglena gracilis.- A New Bioassay for Toxic Chemicals Using Green Paramecia, Paramecium bursaria.- Detection of Toxic Pollution in Waste Water by Short-Term Respirometry.- Environmental Biosensors Using Bioluminescent Bacteria.- Evaluation of Water-Borne Toxicity Using Bioluminescent Bacteria.- Bacteria-Degraders Based Microbial Sensors for the Detection of Surfactants and Organic Pollutants.- Study of Cr(VI) and Cd(II) Ions Toxicity Using the Microtox Bacterial Bioassay.- Cultured Human Cells as Biological Detectors for Assessing Environmental Toxicity.- Genotoxic Impact of 'Erika' Petroleum Fuel on Liver of the Fish Solea Solea.- Heavy-Metal Resistant Actinomycetes.

Editorial Reviews

From the reviews:"The book consists of 69 chapters, which are organized around seven themes: analytical chemistry, toxic metals, organic pollutants, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, pesticides, Green chemistry, and ecotoxicology. ... all the articles describe up-to-date research in areas that are currently of concern. Thus, this book will mainly be useful for practitioners in the field who wish to explore areas related to their current research or as a course resource for graduate students. Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates through professionals." (H.E. Pence, CHOICE, Vol. 42 (11), July, 2005)"Environmental Chemistry is a fast-developing discipline aiming at understanding the fate of pollutants in ecosystems and at designing novel processes that are safe for ecosystems. This book is a collection of 69 papers arranged into seven topics . . it will be of interest to scientists who are working in specific domains dealt with." (International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 85 (15), 2005)