Environmental Ethics Today by Peter S. Wenz

Environmental Ethics Today

byPeter S. Wenz

Paperback | December 15, 2000

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Environmental Ethics Today is essential reading for anyone interested in the future of the environment, our species, and species diversity. This wide-ranging introduction to major issues and questions in environmental ethics employs an accessible, journalistic style--featuring current facts,real controversies, individual stories, and a vivid narrative--that engages readers and gives meaning to abstract philosophical concepts. Topics discussed include pollution permits for corporations, medical experimentation on animals, genetic engineering, economic globalization, biodiversity, andmuch more. Theories and methods such as utilitarianism, contractarianism, and hermeneutics are introduced as needed to help readers understand and attempt to resolve environmental conflicts. The book considers the views of many thinkers including Father Thomas Berry, Wendell Berry, J. BairdCallicott, Jane Goodall, Garrett Hardin, David Korten, Aldo Leopold, Arne Naess, Val Plumwood, Daniel Quinn, Tom Regan, Holmes Rolston III, Vandana Shiva, Julian Simon, Peter Singer, and Karen Warren. An exceptional primary text for courses in environmental ethics and environmental values,Environmental Ethics Today is also excellent reading for general courses in moral problems, business ethics, environmental studies, and women's studies.

About The Author

Peter S. Wenz is at University of Illinois, Springfield.

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Title:Environmental Ethics TodayFormat:PaperbackPublished:December 15, 2000Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195133846

ISBN - 13:9780195133844

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Table of Contents

PrefaceAcknowledgmentsINTRODUCTIONWhat Is Environmental Ethics?Environmental Ethics Under AttackDisturbing Trends in Human HealthFuture GenerationsWorld TradePopulation Growth and Obligations to the World's PoorObligations to NonhumansPreview of ChaptersPART I: ANTHROPOCENTRISM1. Overpopulation, Markets, and Human RightsOverpopulation and ScarcityWhat Are Free Markets?Cornucopian EconomicsThe Tragedy of the CommonsPublic Goods, Externalities, and Government CoercionTrading Pollution PermitsA Market Approach to OverpopulationLifeboat EthicsPsychological Egoism and the Possibility of SharingHuman Rights2. Energy, Economics, and Future GenerationsGlobal Warming and Future GenerationsHuman Rights and the Futurity ProblemFair Contracts and Future GenerationsEnvironmental Tradeoffs and Cost-Benefit AnalysisCBA and Increasing ScarcityCBA and Political EqualityCBA and Future Generations3. Competing Human-Centered ValuesEnvironmental Hazards in the Third WorldHow Much Money Is a Human Life Worth?Should Prostitution Be Legalized?Non-economic vs. Economic AnthropocentrismAesthetic ValuesNational HeritageTransformative Values and Future GenerationsMoral PluralismMoral RelativismPART II: NONANTHROPOCENTRISM4. Animal Liberation and UtilitarianismCruelty to AnimalsUtilitarianismSpeciesismAnimal HusbandryVegetarianismRodeos and BullfightsThe Replacement ArgumentAgainst HedonismPreference Utilitarianism5. Animal Rights and Medical ResearchIntroductionThe Nature of RightsImmortal Souls and RightsLanguage, Abstract Thinking, and RightsMoral Personality and RightsContracts and RightsAn Animal's Right to LifeThe Benefits of Experiments on AnimalsAnimal Rights vs. Animal ResearchLimited Animal Rights in Reflective EquilibriumAnimal Research in Reflective Equilibrium6. Species Diversity and GaiaMassive Extinction of SpeciesCauses of ExtinctionWhy Do We Protect Endangered Species?Animal Rights vs. Species PreservationSpecies as Individual Living ThingsThe Gaia HypothesisFrom Science to MetaphorMetaphors and Moral ImplicationsMechanical and Organic Metaphors for Nature7. The Land EthicHunting Animals to Preserve EcosystemsThe Nature of EcosystemsDoes Hunting Help or Hurt Ecosystems?Why Value Ecosystems?Conflicting Moral CommitmentsTigers and Elephants in the Third WorldPART III: ENVIRONMENTAL SYNERGISM8. Human Rights, Agriculture, and BiodiversityPoverty, Efficiency, and Human RightsEnvironmental SynergismThe Benefits of High-tech AgricultureSpecialization Leads to Preoccupation with MoneyFouling Our Own NestSustainability ProblemsThe Green RevolutionBiodiversity and Human WelfareAnthropocentrism or Synergism?9. Ecofeminism and Environmental JusticeFrom Feminism to EcofeminismWomen as SubordinateIndigenous People as SubordinateNature as SubordinateWomen and NatureSubordination of Minorities Encourages PollutionSubordination of Women, Environmental Degradation, and OverpopulationSubordination of Native Peoples Reduces Biodiversity10. Religion and NatureShould People "Play God?"The Master Interpretation of ChristianityHermeneutics and the ConstitutionHermeneutics and the BibleNarratives, Grand Narratives, and WorldviewsNaess' Deep EcologyNative American ReligionsThe Stewardship Interpretation of ChristianityThe Citizenship Interpretation of ChristianityPART IV: APPLICATIONS11. Personal Choices, Consumerism, and Human NatureConsumerism vs. SynergismJustifications of Economic GrowthHigh Consumption and Human WelfareMarketing DiscontentExtrinsic Motivations and Their LimitsSome Instrinsic MotivationsLooking for LoveYour Money or Your Life12. Public Policies, Efficiency, and GlobalizationThe Need for Collective ActionSubsidizing InefficiencyMore Efficient TransportationAgricultural PoliciesCorporate Welfare and Campaign Finance ReformThe Promise of GlobalizationGlobalization and Human MiseryThe World Trade Organization, Environmental Protection, and DemocracyFinal Reflections--Is Optimism Justified?Conflicting TrendsFragmenting SocietiesWe Are the WorldValue Nature and Limit Human PowerGlossaryNotesIndexEach chapter ends with a section on "Judgment Calls"

Editorial Reviews

"An engaging introduction to salient issues within the environmental movement. With "jargon-free" prose Professor Wenz challenges students to examine their own beliefs and values, and provides them with the necessary tools."--Thomas D. Kotulak, Indiana University Southeast